Transitional Justice

How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes

Author: Neil J. Kritz

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781878379436

Category: Law

Page: 834

View: 9859

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Assembles a rich variety of legal, political, and philosophical perspectives on how societies can deal with the legacy of repression.

Transitional Justice

Author: Ruti G. Teitel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195151267

Category: Law

Page: 292

View: 813

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At the century's end, societies all over the world are throwing off the yoke of authoritarian rule and beginning to build democracies. At any such time of radical change, the question arises: should a society punish its ancien regime or let bygones be bygones? Transitional Justice takes this question to a new level with an interdisciplinary approach that challenges the very terms of the contemporary debate. Ruti Teitel explores the recurring dilemma of how regimes should respond to evil rule, arguing against the prevailing view favoring punishment, yet contending that the law nevertheless plays a profound role in periods of radical change. Pursuing a comparative and historical approach, she presents a compelling analysis of constitutional, legislative, and administrative responses to injustice following political upheaval. She proposes a new normative conception of justice--one that is highly politicized--offering glimmerings of the rule of law that, in her view, have become symbols of liberal transition. Its challenge to the prevailing assumptions about transitional periods makes this timely and provocative book essential reading for policymakers and scholars of revolution and new democracies.

Handbuch Transitional Justice

Aufarbeitung von Unrecht - hin zur Rechtsstaatlichkeit und Demokratie

Author: Anja Mihr,Gert Pickel,Susanne Pickel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658023929

Category: Political Science

Page: 571

View: 3926

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Dieses Handbuch ist eine systematische und methodische Einführung in das Thema Transitional Justice, das bislang vor allem durch Länderstudien zur strafrechtlichen Aufarbeitung, Entschuldigungen, Kompensationen, Erinnerungsarbeiten oder Wahrheitskommissionen wie etwa zu Südafrika, Ruanda, Chile oder dem ehemaligen Jugoslawien, bekannt geworden ist. Die Beiträge zeigen best-practice ebenso auf wie die zahlreichen Maßnahmen, die inzwischen unter dem Konzept Transtional Justice in der Politik zur Anwendung gekommen sind und ein eigenes Forschungsfeld für die Wissenschaft darstellen. Dabei stehen weniger die Fallstudien im Mittelpunkt, sondern die methodische Ausrichtung zur Analyse und Bewertung der Transitional Justice-Prozesse. Materialreiche Fall- oder Areastudien bearbeiten den Umgang mit Unrechtsregimen; gezielte empirische Befunde werden für die verschiedenen Gebiete der Welt zur Illustration der Prozesse hinzugezogen. Der Band thematisiert vorrangig die Politikfelder Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Demokratisierung und Demokratievergleich, Internationale Beziehungen und Zeitgeschichte.

Transitional Justice

How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes

Author: Neil J. Kritz

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781878379443

Category: Law

Page: 780

View: 6458

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Examines more than 20 transitions from World War II to the present, including the denazification programs of the 1950s, democratic transformations in southern Europe in the mid '70s and Latin America in the '80s, and decommunization efforts in the '90s.

Understanding the Age of Transitional Justice

Crimes, Courts, Commissions, and Chronicling

Author: Nanci Adler

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813597781

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 5869

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Since the 1980s, an array of legal and non-legal practices—labeled Transitional Justice—has been developed to support post-repressive, post-authoritarian, and post-conflict societies in dealing with their traumatic past. In Understanding the Age of Transitional Justice, the contributors analyze the processes, products, and efficacy of a number of transitional justice mechanisms and look at how genocide, mass political violence, and historical injustices are being institutionally addressed. They invite readers to speculate on what (else) the transcripts produced by these institutions tell us about the past and the present, calling attention to the influence of implicit history conveyed in the narratives that have gained an audience through international criminal tribunals, trials, and truth commissions. Nanci Adler has gathered leading specialists to scrutinize the responses to and effects of violent pasts that provide new perspectives for understanding and applying transitional justice mechanisms in an effort to stop the recycling of old repressions into new ones.

Transitional Justice

Global Mechanisms and Local Realities After Genocide and Mass Violence

Author: Alexander Laban Hinton

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 081354761X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 7523

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In a collection of essays, contributors discuss how societies come to terms with the aftermath of genocide and mass violence and suggest how the international community can contribute to this process. Edited by the author of Why Did They Kill? Cambodia in the Shadow of Genocide.

Transitional Justice in Rwanda

Accountability for Atrocity

Author: Gerald Gahima

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415522781

Category: Law

Page: 387

View: 5527

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Transitional Justice in Rwanda: Accountability for Atrocity comprehensively analyzes the full range of the transitional justice processes undertaken for the Rwandan genocide. Drawing on the author’s extensive professional experience as the principal justice policy maker and the leading law enforcement officer in Rwanda from 1996-2003, the book provides an in-depth analysis of the social, political and legal challenges faced by Rwanda in the aftermath of the genocide and the aspirations and legacy of transitional justice. The book explores the role played by the accountability processes not just in pursuing accountability but also in shaping the reconstruction of Rwanda’s institutions of democratic governance and political reconciliation. Central to this exploration will be the examination of whether or not transitional justice in Rwanda has contributed to a foundational rule of law reform process. While recognizing the necessity of pursuing accountability for mass atrocity, the book argues that a maximal approach to accountability for genocide may undermine the promotion of core objectives of transitional justice. Taking on one of the key questions facing practitioners and scholars of transitional justice today, the book suggests that the pursuit of mass accountability, particularly where socio-economic resources and legal capacity is limited, may destabilize the process of rule of law reform, endangering core human rights norms. Moreover, the book suggests that pursuing a strategy of mass accountability may undermine the process of democratic transition, particularly in a context where impunity for crimes committed by the victors of armed conflicts persists. Highlighting the ongoing democratic deficit in Rwanda and resulting political instability in the Great Lakes region, the book argues that the effectiveness of transitional justice ultimately hinges on the nature and success of political transition.

Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice

Challenges for Empirical Research

Author: Hugo Van der Merwe,Victoria Baxter,Audrey R. Chapman

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 1601270364

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 3072

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In Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice, fourteen leading researchers study seventy countries that have suffered from autocratic rule, genocide, and protracted internal conflict.

Transitional Justice

Vergangenheitsbewältigung durch Recht

Author: Gerhard Werle,Moritz Vormbaum

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662556766

Category: Law

Page: 307

View: 9901

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Dieses Buch bietet die erste systematische Gesamtdarstellung zum Thema Transitional Justice in deutscher Sprache. Der Ausdruck „Transitional Justice“ hat sich zum Ende des Kalten Krieges beim Übergang von Diktaturen zur Demokratie etabliert und dient als Leitbegriff zur Aufarbeitung von Systemunrecht. Das vorliegende Werk entwickelt die Grundprinzipien von Transitional Justice und behandelt die fünf wesentlichen Aufarbeitungsoptionen – Strafverfolgung, Amnestien, Wahrheitskommissionen, Wiedergutmachung sowie die Überprüfung des öffentlichen Dienstes. Aktuelle Herausforderungen werden diskutiert. Reichhaltiges Anschauungsmaterial beleuchtet über 50 Aufarbeitungssituationen. Das Buch verfolgt einen doppelten Zweck: Es soll zum einen Rechtswissenschaftlerinnen und Rechtswissenschaftlern sowie praktisch tätigen Juristinnen und Juristen den Zugang zur Materie erleichtern. Zum anderen soll es benachbarten Disziplinen einen konzentrierten Einblick in die rechtlichen Leitprinzipien von Transitional Justice ermöglichen.

Transitional Justice

NOMOS LI

Author: Rosemary Nagy

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814704972

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3070

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Criminal tribunals, truth commissions, reparations, apologies and memorializations are the characteristic instruments in the transitional justice toolkit that can help societies transition from authoritarianism to democracy, from civil war to peace, and from state-sponsored extra-legal violence to a rights-respecting rule of law. Over the last several decades, their growing use has established transitional justice as a body of both theory and practice whose guiding norms and structures encompasses the range of institutional mechanisms by which societies address the wrongs committed by past regimes in order to lay the foundation for more legitimate political and legal order. In Transitional Justice, a group of leading scholars in philosophy, law, and political science settles some of the key theoretical debates over the meaning of transitional justice while opening up new ones. By engaging both theorists and empirical social scientists in debates over central categories of analysis in the study of transitional justice, it also illuminates the challenges of making strong empirical claims about the impact of transitional institutions. Contributors: Gary J. Bass, David Cohen, David Dyzenhaus, Pablo de Greiff, Leigh-Ashley Lipscomb, Monika Nalepa, Eric A. Posner, Debra Satz, Gopal Sreenivasan, Adrian Vermeule, and Jeremy Webber.

Desartikulation statt Transitional Justice?

Subalterne Perspektiven in der kolumbianischen Vergangenheitsbewältigung

Author: Sarah Helen Sott

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839440726

Category: Political Science

Page: 362

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Zur Aufarbeitung des bewaffneten Konflikts zwischen Paramilitärs, Guerillas und Staat in Kolumbien werden seit den 2000er Jahren Maßnahmen der Vergangenheitsaufarbeitung implementiert. Unter Rückgriff auf postkoloniale Ansätze und gramscianische Perspektiven zeigt Sarah Helen Sott, wie sich im Konflikt entstandene Herrschaftsverhältnisse trotz der Formen von transitional justice weiter fortsetzen. Am Beispiel afrokolumbianischer, indigener und gewerkschaftlicher Positionen analysiert sie die Desartikulation und Exklusion subalterner Gruppen und macht sichtbar, dass eine grundlegende soziale Transformation notwendig ist, um die strukturellen Ursachen des gewaltsamen Konflikts zu überwinden.

Children and Transitional Justice

Truth-telling, Accountability and Reconciliation

Author: Sharanjeet Parmar,Mindy Jane Roseman,Saudamini Siegrist,Theo Sowa

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780979639548

Category: Law

Page: 417

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Children are increasingly a focus of international and national courts and truth commissions. Their participation, including through testimony that bears witness to their experiences, demonstrates their critical role in truth, justice, and reconciliation processes. If children are to engage, however, their rights must be respected. This book includes analysis of the recent involvement of children in transitional justice processes in Liberia, Peru, Sierra Leone, and South Africa. It also explores key areas of current debates among legal scholars and child rights advocates, such as international criminal responsibility, traditional and restorative justice, reparations, psychosocial support for child witnesses, and links between education and reconciliation. The book emphasizes how children must be engaged during post-conflict transition. If children are excluded, they may become vulnerable to a continuing cycle of violence, affecting future generations. In contrast, through active involvement in transitions, children and adolescents can be the catalysts for justice, reconciliation, and peace-building within their own families and communities.

Post-transitional Justice

Human Rights Trials in Chile and El Salvador

Author: Cath Collins

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271036877

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

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"Analyzes how activists, legal strategies, and judicial receptivity to human rights claims are constructing new accountability outcomes for human rights violations in Chile and El Salvador"--Provided by publisher.

Transitional Justice

Images and Memories

Author: Prof Dr Chrisje Brants,Professor Antoine Hol,Professor Dina Siegel

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409472582

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 8562

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Transitional justice is usually associated with international criminal courts and tribunals, but criminal justice is merely one way of dealing with the legacy of conflict and atrocity. Justice is not only a matter of law. It is a process of making sense of the past and accepting the possibility of a shared future together, although perpetrators, victims and bystanders may have very different memories and perceptions, experiences and expectations. This book goes further than providing a legal analysis of the effectiveness of transitional justice and presents a wider perspective. It is a critical appraisal of the different dimensions of the process of transitional justice that affects the imagery and constructions of past experiences and perceptions of conflict. Examining hidden histories of atrocities, public trials and memorialization, processes and rituals, artistic expressions and contradictory perceptions of past conflicts, the book constructs what transitional justice and the imagery involved can mean for a better understanding of the processes of justice, truth and reconciliation. In transcending the legal, although by no means denying the significance of law, the book also represents a multidisciplinary, holistic approach to justice and includes contributions from criminal and international lawyers, cultural anthropologists, criminologists, political scientists and historians.

Remaking Transitional Justice in the United States

The Rhetorical Authorization of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Author: James Edward Beitler III

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461452953

Category: Psychology

Page: 158

View: 1698

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​Remaking Transitional Justice in the United States: The Rhetoric of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission explores rhetorical attempts to authorize the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission—a grassroots, U.S.-based truth commission created in 2004 toredress past injustices in the city. Through detailed rhetorical analyses, the book demonstratesthat the development of the field of transitional justice has given rise to a transnational rhetorical tradition that provides those working in the field with series of “enabling constraints.” The book then shows how Greensboro stakeholders attempted to reaccentuate this rhetorical tradition in their rhetorical performances to construct authority and bring about justice, even as the tradition shaped their discourse in ways that limited the scope of their responses. Calling attention to the rhetorical interdependence among practitioners of transitional justice, this study offers insights into the development of transitional justice in the United States and in grassroots contexts in other liberal democracies. The volume is a relevant guide to scholars and practitioners of transitional justice as it brings into relief mechanisms of transitional justice that are frequently overlooked—namely, rhetorical mechanisms. It also speaks to any readers who may be interested in the communicative strategies/tactics that may be employed by grassroots transitional justice initiatives.

Pieces of the Puzzle

Keywords on Reconciliation and Transitional Justice

Author: Charles Villa-Vicencio,Erik Doxtader

Publisher: African Minds

ISBN: 0958479453

Category: Amnesty

Page: 126

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Transitional Justice, Peace and Accountability

Outreach and the Role of International Courts After Conflict

Author: Jessica Lincoln

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136728015

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 7987

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The book looks at the outreach and communication strategies employed by internationalised courts to try to understand the wider impact of international justice.

Women and Transitional Justice

The Experience of Women as Participants

Author: Lisa Yarwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415699118

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 5782

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This book discusses the evolving principle of transitional justice in public international law and international relations from the female perspective at a time when the concept is increasingly recognised by the international community as an effective framework in which to negotiate and manage a community’s post-conflict transition to peace and stability. The book adopts a gender lens with a particular focus on women’s direct experiences and perceptions either as intended beneficiaries of transitional justice (TJ), protagonists in that process or as practitioners, in order to present a unique view in relation to the development of TJ. The range of experiences and knowledge in this collection provides a fresh and unique perspective through its blend of theory and practice. This book will be of particular interest to students and scholars of law, political science and gender studies.