Transitional Justice

How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes

Author: Neil J. Kritz

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781878379436

Category: Law

Page: 834

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Assembles a rich variety of legal, political, and philosophical perspectives on how societies can deal with the legacy of repression.

Transitional Justice

Author: Ruti G. Teitel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195151267

Category: Law

Page: 292

View: 3870

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At the century's end, societies all over the world are throwing off the yoke of authoritarian rule and beginning to build democracies. At any such time of radical change, the question arises: should a society punish its ancien regime or let bygones be bygones? Transitional Justice takes this question to a new level with an interdisciplinary approach that challenges the very terms of the contemporary debate. Ruti Teitel explores the recurring dilemma of how regimes should respond to evil rule, arguing against the prevailing view favoring punishment, yet contending that the law nevertheless plays a profound role in periods of radical change. Pursuing a comparative and historical approach, she presents a compelling analysis of constitutional, legislative, and administrative responses to injustice following political upheaval. She proposes a new normative conception of justice--one that is highly politicized--offering glimmerings of the rule of law that, in her view, have become symbols of liberal transition. Its challenge to the prevailing assumptions about transitional periods makes this timely and provocative book essential reading for policymakers and scholars of revolution and new democracies.

Handbuch Transitional Justice

Aufarbeitung von Unrecht - hin zur Rechtsstaatlichkeit und Demokratie

Author: Anja Mihr,Gert Pickel,Susanne Pickel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658023929

Category: Political Science

Page: 571

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Dieses Handbuch ist eine systematische und methodische Einführung in das Thema Transitional Justice, das bislang vor allem durch Länderstudien zur strafrechtlichen Aufarbeitung, Entschuldigungen, Kompensationen, Erinnerungsarbeiten oder Wahrheitskommissionen wie etwa zu Südafrika, Ruanda, Chile oder dem ehemaligen Jugoslawien, bekannt geworden ist. Die Beiträge zeigen best-practice ebenso auf wie die zahlreichen Maßnahmen, die inzwischen unter dem Konzept Transtional Justice in der Politik zur Anwendung gekommen sind und ein eigenes Forschungsfeld für die Wissenschaft darstellen. Dabei stehen weniger die Fallstudien im Mittelpunkt, sondern die methodische Ausrichtung zur Analyse und Bewertung der Transitional Justice-Prozesse. Materialreiche Fall- oder Areastudien bearbeiten den Umgang mit Unrechtsregimen; gezielte empirische Befunde werden für die verschiedenen Gebiete der Welt zur Illustration der Prozesse hinzugezogen. Der Band thematisiert vorrangig die Politikfelder Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Demokratisierung und Demokratievergleich, Internationale Beziehungen und Zeitgeschichte.

Transitional Justice

How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes

Author: Neil J. Kritz

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781878379443

Category: Law

Page: 780

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Examines more than 20 transitions from World War II to the present, including the denazification programs of the 1950s, democratic transformations in southern Europe in the mid '70s and Latin America in the '80s, and decommunization efforts in the '90s.

Transitional Justice

NOMOS LI

Author: Rosemary Nagy

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814704972

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

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Criminal tribunals, truth commissions, reparations, apologies and memorializations are the characteristic instruments in the transitional justice toolkit that can help societies transition from authoritarianism to democracy, from civil war to peace, and from state-sponsored extra-legal violence to a rights-respecting rule of law. Over the last several decades, their growing use has established transitional justice as a body of both theory and practice whose guiding norms and structures encompasses the range of institutional mechanisms by which societies address the wrongs committed by past regimes in order to lay the foundation for more legitimate political and legal order. In Transitional Justice, a group of leading scholars in philosophy, law, and political science settles some of the key theoretical debates over the meaning of transitional justice while opening up new ones. By engaging both theorists and empirical social scientists in debates over central categories of analysis in the study of transitional justice, it also illuminates the challenges of making strong empirical claims about the impact of transitional institutions. Contributors: Gary J. Bass, David Cohen, David Dyzenhaus, Pablo de Greiff, Leigh-Ashley Lipscomb, Monika Nalepa, Eric A. Posner, Debra Satz, Gopal Sreenivasan, Adrian Vermeule, and Jeremy Webber.

Transitional Justice

Vergangenheitsbewältigung durch Recht

Author: Gerhard Werle,Moritz Vormbaum

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662556766

Category: Law

Page: 307

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Dieses Buch bietet die erste systematische Gesamtdarstellung zum Thema Transitional Justice in deutscher Sprache. Der Ausdruck „Transitional Justice“ hat sich zum Ende des Kalten Krieges beim Übergang von Diktaturen zur Demokratie etabliert und dient als Leitbegriff zur Aufarbeitung von Systemunrecht. Das vorliegende Werk entwickelt die Grundprinzipien von Transitional Justice und behandelt die fünf wesentlichen Aufarbeitungsoptionen – Strafverfolgung, Amnestien, Wahrheitskommissionen, Wiedergutmachung sowie die Überprüfung des öffentlichen Dienstes. Aktuelle Herausforderungen werden diskutiert. Reichhaltiges Anschauungsmaterial beleuchtet über 50 Aufarbeitungssituationen. Das Buch verfolgt einen doppelten Zweck: Es soll zum einen Rechtswissenschaftlerinnen und Rechtswissenschaftlern sowie praktisch tätigen Juristinnen und Juristen den Zugang zur Materie erleichtern. Zum anderen soll es benachbarten Disziplinen einen konzentrierten Einblick in die rechtlichen Leitprinzipien von Transitional Justice ermöglichen.

Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice

Challenges for Empirical Research

Author: Hugo Van der Merwe,Victoria Baxter,Audrey R. Chapman

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 1601270364

Category: Law

Page: 345

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In Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice, fourteen leading researchers study seventy countries that have suffered from autocratic rule, genocide, and protracted internal conflict.

Desartikulation statt Transitional Justice?

Subalterne Perspektiven in der kolumbianischen Vergangenheitsbewältigung

Author: Sarah Helen Sott

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839440726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 362

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Zur Aufarbeitung des bewaffneten Konflikts zwischen Paramilitärs, Guerillas und Staat in Kolumbien werden seit den 2000er Jahren Maßnahmen der Vergangenheitsaufarbeitung implementiert. Unter Rückgriff auf postkoloniale Ansätze und gramscianische Perspektiven zeigt Sarah Helen Sott, wie sich im Konflikt entstandene Herrschaftsverhältnisse trotz der Formen von transitional justice weiter fortsetzen. Am Beispiel afrokolumbianischer, indigener und gewerkschaftlicher Positionen analysiert sie die Desartikulation und Exklusion subalterner Gruppen und macht sichtbar, dass eine grundlegende soziale Transformation notwendig ist, um die strukturellen Ursachen des gewaltsamen Konflikts zu überwinden.

Children and Transitional Justice

Truth-telling, Accountability and Reconciliation

Author: Sharanjeet Parmar,Mindy Jane Roseman,Saudamini Siegrist,Theo Sowa

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780979639548

Category: Law

Page: 417

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Children are increasingly a focus of international and national courts and truth commissions. Their participation, including through testimony that bears witness to their experiences, demonstrates their critical role in truth, justice, and reconciliation processes. If children are to engage, however, their rights must be respected. This book includes analysis of the recent involvement of children in transitional justice processes in Liberia, Peru, Sierra Leone, and South Africa. It also explores key areas of current debates among legal scholars and child rights advocates, such as international criminal responsibility, traditional and restorative justice, reparations, psychosocial support for child witnesses, and links between education and reconciliation. The book emphasizes how children must be engaged during post-conflict transition. If children are excluded, they may become vulnerable to a continuing cycle of violence, affecting future generations. In contrast, through active involvement in transitions, children and adolescents can be the catalysts for justice, reconciliation, and peace-building within their own families and communities.

Transitional Justice

Global Mechanisms and Local Realities After Genocide and Mass Violence

Author: Alexander Laban Hinton

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813550688

Category: Law

Page: 271

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"The origins of this project date back to a 2007 symposium, 'Local justice : global mechanisms and local meanings in the aftermath of mass atrocity, ' held at Rutgers University--Newark [N.J.] ... Several participants later presented papers in a session at the July 2007 meeting of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, which was held in Bosnia and Herzegovina."--Acknowledgments.

Transitional Justice

Images and Memories

Author: Prof Dr Chrisje Brants,Professor Antoine Hol,Professor Dina Siegel

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409472582

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 5368

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Transitional justice is usually associated with international criminal courts and tribunals, but criminal justice is merely one way of dealing with the legacy of conflict and atrocity. Justice is not only a matter of law. It is a process of making sense of the past and accepting the possibility of a shared future together, although perpetrators, victims and bystanders may have very different memories and perceptions, experiences and expectations. This book goes further than providing a legal analysis of the effectiveness of transitional justice and presents a wider perspective. It is a critical appraisal of the different dimensions of the process of transitional justice that affects the imagery and constructions of past experiences and perceptions of conflict. Examining hidden histories of atrocities, public trials and memorialization, processes and rituals, artistic expressions and contradictory perceptions of past conflicts, the book constructs what transitional justice and the imagery involved can mean for a better understanding of the processes of justice, truth and reconciliation. In transcending the legal, although by no means denying the significance of law, the book also represents a multidisciplinary, holistic approach to justice and includes contributions from criminal and international lawyers, cultural anthropologists, criminologists, political scientists and historians.

Understanding the Age of Transitional Justice

Crimes, Courts, Commissions, and Chronicling

Author: Nanci Adler

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813597781

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

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Since the 1980s, an array of legal and non-legal practices—labeled Transitional Justice—has been developed to support post-repressive, post-authoritarian, and post-conflict societies in dealing with their traumatic past. In Understanding the Age of Transitional Justice, the contributors analyze the processes, products, and efficacy of a number of transitional justice mechanisms and look at how genocide, mass political violence, and historical injustices are being institutionally addressed. They invite readers to speculate on what (else) the transcripts produced by these institutions tell us about the past and the present, calling attention to the influence of implicit history conveyed in the narratives that have gained an audience through international criminal tribunals, trials, and truth commissions. Nanci Adler has gathered leading specialists to scrutinize the responses to and effects of violent pasts that provide new perspectives for understanding and applying transitional justice mechanisms in an effort to stop the recycling of old repressions into new ones.

Remaking Transitional Justice in the United States

The Rhetorical Authorization of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Author: James Edward Beitler III

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461452953

Category: Psychology

Page: 158

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​Remaking Transitional Justice in the United States: The Rhetoric of the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission explores rhetorical attempts to authorize the Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission—a grassroots, U.S.-based truth commission created in 2004 toredress past injustices in the city. Through detailed rhetorical analyses, the book demonstratesthat the development of the field of transitional justice has given rise to a transnational rhetorical tradition that provides those working in the field with series of “enabling constraints.” The book then shows how Greensboro stakeholders attempted to reaccentuate this rhetorical tradition in their rhetorical performances to construct authority and bring about justice, even as the tradition shaped their discourse in ways that limited the scope of their responses. Calling attention to the rhetorical interdependence among practitioners of transitional justice, this study offers insights into the development of transitional justice in the United States and in grassroots contexts in other liberal democracies. The volume is a relevant guide to scholars and practitioners of transitional justice as it brings into relief mechanisms of transitional justice that are frequently overlooked—namely, rhetorical mechanisms. It also speaks to any readers who may be interested in the communicative strategies/tactics that may be employed by grassroots transitional justice initiatives.

Identity, Reconciliation and Transitional Justice

Overcoming Intractability in Divided Societies

Author: Nevin T. Aiken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415628334

Category: Law

Page: 264

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Building upon an interdisciplinary synthesis of recent literature from the fields of transitional justice and conflict transformation, this book introduces a groundbreaking theoretical framework that highlights the critical importance of identity in the relationship between transitional justice and reconciliation in deeply divided societies. Using this framework, Aiken argues that transitional justice interventions will be successful in promoting reconciliation and sustainable peace to the extent that they can help to catalyze those crucial processes of 'social learning' needed to transform the antagonistic relationships and identifications that divide post-conflict societies even after the signing of formal peace agreements. Combining original field research and an extensive series of expert interviews, Aiken applies this social learning model in a comprehensive examination of both the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the uniquely 'decentralized' approach to transitional justice that has emerged in Northern Ireland. By offering new insight into the experiences of these countries, Aiken provides compelling firsthand evidence to suggest that transitional justice interventions can best contribute to post-conflict reconciliation if they not only provide truth and justice for past human rights abuses, but also help to promote contact, dialogue and the amelioration of structural and material inequalities between former antagonists. Identity, Reconciliation and Transitional Justice makes a timely contribution to debates about how to best understand and address past human rights violations in post-conflict societies, and it offers a valuable resource to students, scholars, practitioners and policymakers dealing with these difficult issues.

Understanding Transitional Justice

A Struggle for Peace, Reconciliation, and Rebuilding

Author: Giada Girelli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319536060

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

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The book is an accurate and accessible introduction to the complex and dynamic field of transitional and post-conflict justice, providing an overview of its recurring concepts and debated issues. Particular attention is reserved to how these concepts and issues have been addressed, both theoretically and literally, by lawyers, policy-makers, international bodies, and other actors informing the practice. By presenting significant, if undeniably disputable, alternatives to mainstream theories and past methods of addressing past injustice and (re)building a democratic state, the work aims to illustrate some foundational themes of transitional justice that have emerged from a diverse set of discussions. The author’s position thus arrives from a careful analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of answers to the question: how, after a traumatic social experience, is justice restored?

The Era of Transitional Justice

The Aftermath of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa and Beyond

Author: Paul Gready

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136902198

Category: Law

Page: 270

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First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law

Author: Hakeem O. Yusuf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136971637

Category: Law

Page: 216

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Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law addresses the importance of judicial accountability in transitional justice processes. Despite a general consensus that the judiciary plays an important role in contemporary governance, accountability for the judicial role in formerly authoritarian societies remains largely elided and under-researched. Hakeem O. Yusuf argues that the purview of transitional justice mechanisms should, as a matter of policy, be extended to scrutiny of the judicial role in the past. Through a critical comparative approach that cuts through the transitioning experiences of post-authoritarian and post-conflict polities in Latin America, Asia, Europe and Africa, the book focuses specifically on Nigeria. It demonstrates that public accountability of the judiciary through the mechanism of a truth-seeking process is a necessary component in securing comprehensive accountability for the judicial role in the past. Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law further shows that an across-the-board transformation of state institutions – an important aspiration of transitional processes – is virtually impossible without incorporating the third branch of government, the judiciary, into the accountability process.

Transitional Justice

Framing a Model for Eritrea

Author: Daniel Rezene Mekonnen

Publisher: VDM Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 2201

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International crimes, such as, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression, have been perpetrated in Eritrea since 1991 in an alarming manner. Some of these have been perpetrated under premeditated government plan of persecution, portraying a widespread and systematic policy of repression. As a result, some high-ranking government officials can be tentatively identified as the most responsible perpetrators, bearing individual criminal responsibility for grave violations of international law. To end the culture of impunity, international criminal justice, administered by the International Criminal Court, foreign municipal courts, or national or mixed tribunals, should be instituted immediately. However, in the event of a negotiated and peaceful political transition, conditional amnesty administered by a democratically constituted truth and reconciliation commission is also regarded as an acceptable option. The book highlights that any model of transitional justice for Eritrea should be based on these assumptions. Academics, policymakers and practitioners working in the area of human rights, transitional justice and international criminal law may find it relevant.