Twilight of the Habsburgs

The Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph

Author: Alan Palmer

Publisher: Atlantic Monthly Press

ISBN: 9780871136657

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 1662

Presents a biography of the emperor of Austria as well as a history of Europe during his reign

Twilight of the Habsburgs

The Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph

Author: Alan Palmer

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 0571305857

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 5626

Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Jerusalem, King of Bohemia, King of Dalmatia, King of Transylvania, King of Croatia and Slovenia, King of Galicia and Illyria, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Cracow, Margrave of Moravia, Duke of Salzburg, Duke of Bukovina, Duke of Modena, Parma, and Piacenza and so on, another thirty or so titles could be added. Was ever a monarch so festooned as Emperor Francis Joseph? He ruled from the Year of the Revolutions, 1848 until his death in 1916. His empire was the most multi-national state ever. An ethnic map of 1910 shows there to be Germans, Magyars, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenes, Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Italians, Jews, Muslims, Ladins (in the Tyrol) and Roumanians. What is more, even together the Germans and the Magyars constituted a minority. And yet, as Alan Palmer observes no other European monarch 'exercised full sovereignty for so long.' Unlike Queen Victoria he ruled rather than merely reigned. That alone suggests he was something more than the humourless bureaucrat he is commonly thought to have been, and Alan Palmer is successful in providing a more rounded and sympathetic portrait of him both as head of an empire and head of a family. His personal life was punctuated with tragedy: his brother, Maximilian was executed y Mexican republicans; his only son, Rudolf shot himself and his mistress at Mayerling; his wife, Empress Elizabeth, was stabbed to death in Geneva, and his nephew and heir, Francis-Ferdinand was assassinated at Sarajevo. This was the first biography of Francis Joseph by an English writer and was acclaimed when originally published in 1994. 'With great skill Mr Palmer blends in the Emperor's private life with the story of the Empire. . . This is an important book; also an entrancing one.' Allan Massie, Daily Telegraph 'A compelling read' Lawrence James, Evening Standard

Emperor Francis Joseph

Life, Death and the Fall of the Habsburg Empire

Author: John Van der Kiste

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 075249547X

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5603

In 1848, 28-year-old Francis Joseph became King of Hungary and Emperor of Austria. He would reign for almost 68 years, the longest of any modern European monarch. Focusing on the life of Emperor Francis Joseph and his family, this book examines their personal relationships against the turbulent background of the 19th century.

Franz Joseph and Elisabeth

The Last Great Monarchs of Austria-Hungary

Author: Karen Owens

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786476745

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 1190

In 1848, an 18-year-old boy assumed the throne of Austria, one of the most powerful countries in Europe. He would be its last significant emperor, the only monarch to serve two countries, and the last cogent head of the prestigious Habsburg dynasty. Emperor Franz Joseph's reign was marked by revolutions, often fueled by rising liberalism and nationalism, and wars orchestrated by conquering architects such as Napoleon, Metternich, and Bismarck. This book gives attention to these political and cultural events, but it is essentially a biography of Emperor Franz Joseph and his enigmatic wife, Empress Elisabeth. Franz Joseph, with an overwhelming sense of dynastic responsibility, played all the roles assigned to him as Emperor. Elisabeth played none, as a wife, mother or Empress. Many factors played a part in her "abdication" and in the decisions Franz Joseph made during his reign--none more enigmatic than the self-proclaimed Peace Emperor's final act of mobilizing of Austria-Hungary's armies, detonating World War I at the cost of 16 million lives.

Twilight of Empire

The Tragedy at Mayerling and the End of the Habsburgs

Author: Greg King,Penny Wilson

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1250083036

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 7675

On a snowy January morning in 1889, a worried servant hacked open a locked door at the remote hunting lodge deep in the Vienna Woods. Inside, he found two bodies sprawled on an ornate bed, blood oozing from their mouths. Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria-Hungary appeared to have shot his seventeen-year-old mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera as she slept, sat with the corpse for hours and, when dawn broke, turned the pistol on himself. A century has transformed this bloody scene into romantic tragedy: star-crossed lovers who preferred death together than to be parted by a cold, unfeeling Viennese Court. But Mayerling is also the story of family secrets: incestuous relationships and mental instability; blackmail, venereal disease, and political treason; and a disillusioned, morphine-addicted Crown Prince and a naïve schoolgirl caught up in a dangerous and deadly waltz inside a decaying empire. What happened in that locked room remains one of history’s most evocative mysteries: What led Rudolf and mistress to this desperate act? Was it really a suicide pact? Or did something far more disturbing take place at that remote hunting lodge and result in murder? Drawing interviews with members of the Habsburg family and archival sources in Vienna, Greg King and Penny Wilson reconstruct this historical mystery, laying out evidence and information long ignored that conclusively refutes the romantic myth and the conspiracy stories.

The Reluctant Empress

A Biography of Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Author: Brigitte Hamann

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 9780571271306

Category: Empresses

Page: 450

View: 1330

Bringing great writing back into print - a Faber Finds book.

A Heart for Europe

The Lives of Emperor Charles and Empress Zita of Austria-Hungary

Author: James Bogle,Joanna Bogle

Publisher: Gracewing Publishing

ISBN: 9780852441732

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 4554



Councillor of Europe

Author: Alan Palmer

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 0571305849

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 6191

A glib assessment of Metternich might not be a favourable one, he was not without his ridiculous qualities, and yet he survived, more than survived, in fact, with the 'Age of Metternich' lasting for more than a generation, and giving Europe a measure of peace, albeit repressive, that was much needed after the Napoleonic convulsions. Alan Palmer describes well Metternich's extraordinary longevity. 'Clement von Metternich held continuous office at the head of Europe's affairs for a longer period of time than any other statesman in modern history: he became foreign minister of the Austrian Empire in the autumn of 1809 and he did not resign until the spring of 1848. For thirty-three of these thirty-nine years his statecraft and philosophy of government determined the political pattern of the continent. The 'Age of Metternich' , though often impatiently dismissed by historians as a mere interlude, lasted for twice as long as the 'Age of Napoleon' which preceded it and for half as long again as the 'Age of Bismarck' which followed in the closing decades of the century.' Metternich was a statesman to his fingertips, practising 'the skills of diplomacy with greater fluency than any contemporary Talleyrand, from whom he had learnt many of the refinement of the game.' How would he fare today? Probably quite well as he was, again in Alan Palmer's words, 'an early champion of federalism and a good European ...' 'As a work of history (it) cannot be faulted.' A. J. P. Taylor, Observer 'Well-written, well-researched, lucid and witty.' Philip Ziegler, The Times

The Kaiser

Warlord of the Second Reich

Author: Alan Palmer,Alan Warwick Palmer

Publisher: Phoenix

ISBN: 9781857998672

Category: Germany

Page: 276

View: 3110

The birth of Queen Victoria's grandson, Kaiser William II, in Berlin in 1859 was welcomed in London as though he were a British rather than a Prussian prince. But by 1915 he had become the most hated man in Britain.

Thunder at Twilight

Vienna 1913/1914

Author: Frederic Morton

Publisher: Da Capo Press

ISBN: 0306823276

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 7614

Thunder at Twilight is a landmark historical vision, drawing on hitherto untapped sources to illuminate two crucial years in the life of the extraordinary city of Vienna-and in the life of the twentieth century. It was during the carnival of 1913 that a young Stalin arrived in Vienna on a mission that would launch him into the upper echelon of Russian revolutionaries, and it was here that he first collided with Trotsky. It was in Vienna that the failed artist Adolf Hitler kept daubing watercolors and spouting tirades at fellow drifters in a flophouse. Here Archduke Franz Ferdinand had a troubled audience with Emperor Franz Joseph-and soon the bullet that killed the Archduke would set off the Great War that would kill ten million more. With luminous prose that has twice made him a finalist for the National Book Award, Frederic Morton evokes the opulent, elegant, incomparable sunset metropolis-Vienna on the brink of cataclysm.

Maria Theresa

Author: Edward Crankshaw

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1448204747

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 380

View: 1160

When Edward Crankshaw's Maria Theresa was published in 1969, it was the first full length study of Maria Theresa to be written in English for sixty years. Called to the throne in 1740, at the age of twenty-three, Maria Theresa was wholly unprepared for the events that were to confront her, and trusting in the honour of her fellow monarchs, the young queen found herself with a virtually nonexistent army at the head of a bankrupt and disaffected empire - an empire shortly to be set upon by half Europe intent on shattering the Habsburg power for ever. Married to an amiable but ineffectual husband whom she adored, surrounded by shortsighted advisers senile to the point of decrepitude, her only weapons were her charm, her unbreakable will, and her almost reckless courage. With these, and by her own immense exertions, she first held her powerful enemies at bay; then, choosing new advisers with astonishing skill, and discovering in herself a fund of commonsense amounting almost to genius, she instituted wide-reaching reforms which were to unify the Empire's bewildering mixture of lands and peoples, and bring it to the threshold of the revolutionary age. With all this she remained a wife and a mother - most touchingly so in her vast correspondence with her many children.

The Assassination of the Archduke

Sarajevo 1914 and the Romance That Changed the World

Author: Greg King,Sue Woolmans

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1250038677

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 5253

Drawing on unpublished letters and rare primary sources, King and Woolmans tell the true story behind the tragic romance and brutal assassination that sparked World War I In the summer of 1914, three great empires dominated Europe: Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. Four years later all had vanished in the chaos of World War I. One event precipitated the conflict, and at its hear was a tragic love story. When Austrian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand married for love against the wishes of the emperor, he and his wife Sophie were humiliated and shunned, yet they remained devoted to each other and to their children. The two bullets fired in Sarajevo not only ended their love story, but also led to war and a century of conflict. Set against a backdrop of glittering privilege, The Assassination of the Archduke combines royal history, touching romance, and political murder in a moving portrait of the end of an era. One hundred years after the event, it offers the startling truth behind the Sarajevo assassinations, including Serbian complicity and examines rumors of conspiracy and official negligence. Events in Sarajevo also doomed the couple's children to lives of loss, exile, and the horrors of Nazi concentration camps, their plight echoing the horrors unleashed by their parents' deaths. Challenging a century of myth, The Assassination of the Archduke resonates as a very human story of love destroyed by murder, revolution, and war.

For God and Kaiser

The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Author: Richard Bassett

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300213107

Category: History

Page: 633

View: 4864

Among the finest examples of deeply researched and colorfully written military history, Richard Bassett’s For God and Kaiser is a major account of the Habsburg army told for the first time in English. Bassett shows how the Imperial Austrian Army, time and again, was a decisive factor in the story of Europe, the balance of international power, and the defense of Christendom. Moreover it was the first pan-European army made up of different nationalities and faiths, counting among its soldiers not only Christians but also Muslims and Jews. Bassett tours some of the most important campaigns and battles in modern European military history, from the seventeenth century through World War I. He details technical and social developments that coincided with the army’s story and provides fascinating portraits of the great military leaders as well as noteworthy figures of lesser renown. Departing from conventional assessments of the Habsburg army as ineffective, outdated, and repeatedly inadequate, the author argues that it was a uniquely cohesive and formidable fighting force, in many respects one of the glories of the old Europe.

Golden Fleece

The Story of Franz Joseph and Elisabeth of Austria

Author: Bertita Harding

Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing

ISBN: 1787204251

Category: History

Page: 407

View: 9076

First published in 1937, this is German-born American author Bertita Harding’s biography of Franz Joseph I (1830-1916), Austria’s longest-reigning Emperor and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), and his wife Elisabeth of Austria (1837-1898). Illustrated with superb photographs, many of them previously never seen. “Here is one of the great dramas and romances and tragedies of history. [...]Tremendously vital and human and a warmer picture of Franz Joseph than previously encountered...”—Kirkus Review

In the Twilight of Empire

Count Alois Lexa Von Aehrenthal (1854-1912) ; Imperial Habsburg Patriot and Statesman

Author: Solomon Wank

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien

ISBN: 9783205783527

Category: Austria

Page: 292

View: 1058


On the Edge of the Cold War

American Diplomats and Spies in Postwar Prague

Author: Igor Lukes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195166795

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 3120

This book studies the early stages of the Cold War from the perspective of the U.S. Embassy in postwar Prague. The main personalities include Ambassador Steinhardt and U.S. Intelligence officers Katek and Taggart. They were highly educated and motivated. Nevertheless, in 1948 they suffered a strategic defeat that helped deepen the Cold War tensions for decades to come.

A Mad Catastrophe

The Outbreak of World War I and the Collapse of the Habsburg Empire

Author: Geoffrey Wawro

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465080812

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 9634

A prizewinning military historian explores a critical but overlooked cause for World War I: the staggering decrepitude of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

The Habsburg Empire

Author: Pieter M. Judson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674969324

Category: History

Page: 585

View: 7458

This panoramic reappraisal shows why the Habsburg Empire mattered for so long to so many Central Europeans across divides of language, religion, and region. Pieter Judson shows that creative government—and intractable problems the far-flung empire could not solve—left an enduring imprint on successor states. Its lessons are no less important today.