Understanding Hydraulics

Author: L. Hamill

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230345867

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 9077

Covering all the fundamental topics in hydraulics and hydrology, this text is essential reading for undergraduate students and practising engineers around the world who want an accessible, thorough and trusted introduction to the subject. By encouraging readers to work through examples, try simple experiments and continually test their own understanding as the book progresses, the text quickly builds confidence. This hands-on approach aims to show students just how interesting hydraulics and hydrology are, as well as providing an invaluable reference resource for practising engineers. Key features: • an easy-to-read, engaging text • a wealth of worked examples to reinforce the theory • boxed highlights and Remember! features • Self Test and Revision Questions with solutions • a wide range of figures and photographs This third edition includes: • Updates on climate change, flood risk management, flood alleviation, design considerations when developing greenfield sites, and the design of storm water sewers • A new chapter on sustainable storm water management

Practical Hydraulics

Author: Melvyn Kay

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203960777

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 8289

Hydraulics has a reputation for being a complex, even intimidating, discipline. Put simply, hydraulics is the study of how water and similar fluids behave and can be harnessed for practical use. It is one of the fundamental scientific and engineering subjects and many professions demand a working knowledge of its basic concepts, yet most hydraulics textbooks are aimed at readers with a strong engineering or mathematical background. Practical Hydraulics approaches the subject from basic principles and demonstrates how these are applied in practice. It is clearly written and includes many illustrations and examples. It will appeal to a wide range of professionals and students needing an introduction to the subject, from farmers irrigating crops to fire crews putting out fires with high-pressure water hoses. However hydraulics is not just about water. Many other fluids behave in the same way and so affect a wide range of people from doctors, needing to know how blood flows in veins, to car designers, wanting to save fuel by reducing drag.

Practical Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering, Third Edition

Author: Melvyn Kay

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498761968

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 375

View: 8553

Water is now at the centre of world attention as never before and more professionals from all walks of life are engaging in careers linked to water – in public water supply and waste treatment, agriculture, irrigation, energy, environment, amenity management, and sustainable development. This book offers an appropriate depth of understanding of basic hydraulics and water resources engineering for those who work with civil engineers and others in the complex world of water resources development, management, and water security. It is simple, practical, and avoids (most of) the maths in traditional textbooks. Lots of excellent ‘stories’ help readers to quickly grasp important water principles and practices. This third edition is broader in scope and includes new chapters on water resources engineering and water security. Civil engineers may also find it a useful introduction to complement the more rigorous hydraulics textbooks.

Fire Protection Hydraulics and Water Supply

Author: William F. Crapo

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284058522

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 2153

Fire service pump operators must have an understanding of the many laws of science that govern the study of hydraulics and water supply in order to be able to handle the complex hydraulic problems that may arise in real world scenarios. The third edition of Fire Protection Hydraulics and Water Supply effectively teaches hydraulics by systematically addressing the underlying science in a way that makes challenging subject matter easier to understand and retain. Readers will be introduced to the basic properties of water and laws of hydraulics and friction loss before learning to apply formulas to calculate flow, friction loss, nozzle reaction, and more. Additionally, readers will progress to learn about: Complex principles of pump operation, including conditions such as end thrust and radial hydraulic balance, the application of Newton’s first law of motion as it applies to a kinetic energy pump, and the concept of Enthalpy Various laws of physics, including Pascal’s Principle, Bernou

Fire Service Hydraulics & Pump Operations, 2nd Ed

Author: Paul Spurgeon

Publisher: Fire Engineering Books & Videos

ISBN: 1593703996

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 1626

Understanding hydraulics and pump operations doesn’t have to be difficult, and it is of key importance to the science of fire engineering. Putting all the pieces together correctly so that the right stream is brought to the fire is essential to effective fireground operations. In the second edition of Fire Service Hydraulics and Pump Operations, author Paul Spurgeon, engineer/pump operator with the Denver Fire Department, breaks down the sometimes difficult-to-understand formulas of hydraulics and pumps into easily learned steps, taking care to explain the hows and whys of each formula discussed. Using an in-the-street, practical approach, Spurgeon teaches readers how to develop proper fire streams as well as how they relate to overall fireground strategies. He covers hydraulics and pumps extensively—from the properties of water to its supply to pumping to sprinkler systems and foams. So readers can put what they’ve learned into practice, Spurgeon provides both end-of-chapter tests and practice sets at the end of the book, complete with answers so that readers can check their knowledge. The second edition includes numerous updates and additions, including the Rule of Thumb chapter that illustrates how to perform these complex calculations while under stress on the fireground. This text meets the learning objectives for FESHE Fire Protection Hydraulics and Water Supply course work. Features and Benefits: • Summary of chapter formulas • End-of-chapter tests with answers • Practice sets with answers to further test your understanding

Mobile Equipment Hydraulics: A Systems and Troubleshooting Approach

Author: Ben Watson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133168396

Category: Transportation

Page: 256

View: 6753

Designed for the required course on hydraulics found in diesel technology and heavy equipment programs, MOBILE EQUIPMENT HYDRAULICS: A SYSTEMS AND TROUBLESHOOTING APPROACH, takes a practical approach to the understanding of fluid power / hydraulic systems. Instead of concentrating on the design issues of fluid power systems this book approaches hydraulics more like a technician would to approach a system that requires maintenance or troubleshooting. Nearly all aspiring diesel technicians receive training in this subject, which is one of seven areas of study recognized by ASE Education Foundation in diesel technology. Coverage includes a study of terminology, industrial standards, symbols and basic circuitry design as related to fluid power. Examples are drawn from actual equipment that is relevant to the program of study, whether it be heavy truck, earth-moving, or agricultural equipment. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Aerospace Hydraulic Systems

Author: Wayne Stout, Phd

Publisher: DesignAerospace LLC


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 395

View: 7679

The book addresses hydraulic system operation and design from an aerospace perspective. The book covers issues of fluids and fluid flow, component operation and system design. Component sizing methods, mathematical relationships and modeling equations are presented for each component. A methodology for system level modeling and simulation is also presented. Numerous examples and worked sample problems are included.

Fluvial Hydraulics

Author: S. Lawrence Dingman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198038566

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 1456

Fluvial Hydraulics provides a sound qualitative and quantitative understanding of water and sediment flows in natural rivers. This understanding is essential for modeling and predicting hydrologic and geomorphologic processes, erosion, sediment transport, water supply and quality, habitat management, and flood hazards. This book's coverage bridges the gap between the highly quantitative mechanics-based civil-engineering approach to stream hydraulics and the more qualitative treatments of fluvial geomorphology typical of earth-sciences and natural-resources curricula. Measurements of natural river flows illustrate many central concepts. The book is specifically designed for upper-level students and practitioners who are interested in a fundamental understanding of river behavior. An introduction to the history of fluvial hydraulics and an overview of the morphology and hydrology of rivers provides the context for the rest of the text. A thorough understanding of water properties, including turbulence, is developed via a series of simple thought experiments. The bases of the equations that are used to describe and predict river flows are systematically presented, including dimensional analysis. Subsequent chapters build logically on these foundations, covering velocity distributions, new insights to the central topic of flow resistance, the magnitudes of forces in natural river flows, the principles of conservation of energy and momentum, the prediction of water-surface profiles, the principles of flow measurement, mechanics, and geomorphic aspects of sediment transport. The book will be especially valuable in providing a scientific basis for the growing field of river restoration. An appendix reviews dimenstions, units, and numerical precision. Over 250 references are cited, providing an entree to the extensive multi-disciplinary literature on rivers. The book's website provides suggestions for student exercises and makes available extensive data bases of measured streamflows for student exploration.

Remediation Hydraulics

Author: Fred C. Payne,Joseph A. Quinnan,Scott T. Potter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420006841

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 6679

In situ treatments involving the arrangement of contact between prospective reactants in complex porous media require a refined understanding of solute migration. However, the tools and methods used to predict and control fluid movement in the subsurface need significant improvement. Practitioners and regulators must develop novel methods to achieve an advanced understanding of treatment mechanisms. Remediation Hydraulics addresses the need to predict and control fluid movement in the subsurface. It demonstrates how to conduct realistic assessments of contaminant plume structure and achieve contact between injected reagents and target compounds. The book describes both the advection-dispersion and continuous random walk theories of mass transport as well as explains the practical implications of each theory in remedial system design. In addition, it devotes an entire section to the development of conceptual site models and hydrostratigraphic characterization techniques that will aid practitioners in assessing the role of depositional environments in patterning groundwater flows and containment distributions. Based the authors’ sound experience at over one hundred groundwater treatment projects, this bookprovides an arsenal of relevant theories and practical applications to aid practitioners and regulators in the prediction of fluid movement in the subsurface as well as in the design of pilot to full-scale remediation systems.

Hydraulics and Pneumatics

A Technician's and Engineer's Guide

Author: Andrew Parr

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080966755

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 4556

Hydraulics and Pneumatics: A Technician's and Engineer's Guide serves as a guide to the hydraulic and pneumatic systems operations. It features mathematical content that has been presented in a style understandable even to beginners and non-experts. It has nine chapters that cover both hydraulic and pneumatic machinery, their fundamental principles including safety standards and regulations. The book also features abundant referencing, updated web links, and masterful tables for easier understanding of the concepts covered. The text is written to serve as an introductory reference for novices and students in pneumatics and hydraulics. It is also invaluable and can be used as primary reference for control, manufacturing, mechanical, and electrical engineers, operations managers, and technicians working with hydraulic and pneumatic equipment. Covers both hydraulic and pneumatic machinery, with a practical, practitioner-led approach that does not demand great theoretical and mathematical understanding Thorough and updated coverage of safety standards, helping control engineers and shop floor managers to ensure their operations are in compliance with regulations More abundant referencing, new and updated web-links, look-up tables and graphical keys offer even easier referencing while providing quick access to other related materials

Recommendations for Standards in Hydraulics

Author: American Society of Civil Engineers

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784475911

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 170

View: 4379

Prepared by the Task Committee on Recommendations for Standards in Hydraulics of the Hydraulics Division of ASCE. This report investigates whether standards or guides are useful to hydraulic engineers and whether additional standards or guides should be prepared. The results of a questionnaire indicate that most hydraulic engineers are not familiar with the procedures used to develop standards or with existing national or international standards. However, responses to the questionnaire show that hydraulic engineers welcome guides or standards as long as some flexibility to use engineering judgment for site specific conditions is allowed. The report recommends that guidelines or consensus standards be developed in the following areas: application of one-dimensional surface water computer programs of the HEC-2 type; prediction of scour at bridge piers; design of pump intakes and sumps; and calculations of friction and form losses in closed conduits. Annotated lists of standards and guidelines produced in the United States and abroad are included.

Practical Channel Hydraulics

Roughness, Conveyance and Afflux

Author: Donald W. Knight,Caroline McGahey,Rob Lamb,Paul Samuels

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203864182

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 460

View: 5257

A technical reference guide and instruction text for the estimation of flood and drainage water levels in rivers, waterways and drainage channels. It is written as a user’s manual for the openly available innovative Conveyance and Afflux Estimation System (CES-AES) software, with which water levels, flows and velocities in channels can be calculated. The impact of factors influencing these levels and the sensitivity of channels to extreme levels can also be assessed. Approaches and solutions are focused on addressing environmental, flood risk and land drainage objectives. Practical Channel Hydraulics is the first reference guide that focuses in detail on estimating roughness, conveyance and afflux in fluvial hydraulics. With its universal approach and the application of metric units, both book and software serve an international audience of consultants and engineers dealing with river modelling, flood risk assessment, maintenance of watercourses and the design of drainage systems. Suited as course material for training graduate Master’s students in civil and environmental engineering or geomorphology who focus on river and flood engineering, as well as for professional training in flood risk management issues, open channel flow hydraulics and modelling. The CES-AES software development followed recommendations by practitioners and academics in the UK Network on Conveyance in River Flood Plain Systems, following the Autumn 2000 floods, that operating authorities should make better use of recent improved knowledge on conveyance and related flood (or drainage) level estimation. This led to a Targeted Programme of Research aimed at improving conveyance estimation and subsequent integration with other research on afflux at bridges and culverts at high flows. The CES-AES software tool aims to improve and assist with the estimation of: hydraulic roughness water levels (and corresponding channel and structure conveyance) flow (given slope); section-average and spatial velocities backwater profiles upstream of a known flow-head control e.g. weir (steady) afflux upstream of bridges and culverts uncertainty in water level The CES-AES software and tutorial are openly available at www.river-conveyance.net (see also Downloads & Updates tab).

Computational Hydraulics

Author: Ioana Popescu

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780400446

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 591

Computational Hydraulics introduces the concept of modeling and the contribution of numerical methods and numerical analysis to modeling. It provides a concise and comprehensive description of the basic hydraulic principles, and the problems addressed by these principles in the aquatic environment. Flow equations, numerical and analytical solutions are included. The necessary steps for building and applying numerical methods in hydraulics comprise the core of the book and this is followed by a report of different example applications of computational hydraulics: river training effects on flood propagation, water quality modelling of lakes and coastal applications. The theory and exercises included in the book promote learning of concepts within academic environments. Sample codes are made available online for purchasers of the book. Computational Hydraulics is intended for under-graduate and graduate students, researchers, members of governmental and non-governmental agencies and professionals involved in management of the water related problems. Author: Ioana Popescu, Hydroinformatics group, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft , The Netherlands.

Handbook of Hydraulic Fluid Technology

Author: George E. Totten

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824760229

Category: Science

Page: 1272

View: 3832

This text aims to facilitate a broader understanding of the total hydraulic system, including hardware, fluid properties and testing, and hydraulic lubricants. It provides a comprehensive and rigorous overview of hydraulic fluid technology and evaluates the ecological benefits of water as an important alternative technology. Equations, tables and illustrations are used to clarify and reinforce essential concepts.

Aquifer Hydraulics

A Comprehensive Guide to Hydrogeologic Data Analysis

Author: Vedat Batu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471185024

Category: Science

Page: 727

View: 8394

Praise for Aquifer Hydraulics . . . "Very easy to understand and follow, even for complicated applications . . . this book will be a significant addition to the library of individuals who are practicing in the field of geohydrology." –Professor M. M. Aral, Georgia Institute of Technology "A valuable source of information for every student and practitioner of quantitative hydrogeology. I commend Dr. Batu for the thorough research and dedicated effort that went into the preparation of this book." –Stavros S. Papadopulos, Chairman, S. S. Papadopulos & Associates, Inc. This book offers the most detailed and comprehensive coverage available of aquifer hydraulics, testing, and analysis for a wide range of aquifer and well types under differing conditions. It presents the theoretical foundations and limitations of existing analytical models for each ground water system, along with an in–depth examination of hydrogeologic data analysis methods. Translating theory into practice, detailed examples illustrate the real–world application of well test techniques–an invaluable aid to readers in the design, execution, and analysis of their own field tests. With an accompanying computer disk packed with data analysis programs, Aquifer Hydraulics is an essential tool for practicing and aspiring hydrogeologists, environmental engineers, and others involved in aquifer evaluation and protection.

Rotating Hydraulics

Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere

Author: Lawrence L.J. Pratt,John A. Whitehead

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387495729

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 5160

This book thoroughly covers the development of the theory of rotating hydraulics, making frequent use of supporting laboratory models and observational data. The need to understand rotating hydraulic phenomena is growing as general interest in climate and global circulation is continuously increasing. The book details cutting-edge research and includes many exercises.

Hydraulic Processes on Alluvial Fans

Author: R.H. French

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870229

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 243

View: 7050

Alluvial fans are among the most prominent landscape features in the American Southwest and throughout the semi-arid and arid regions of the world. The importance of developing a qualitative and quantitative understanding of the hydraulic processes which formed, and which continue to modify, these features derives from their rapid and significant development over the past four decades. As unplanned urban sprawl has moved from valley floors onto alluvial fans, the serious damage incurred from infrequent flow events has dramatically increased. This book presents a concise, coherent discussion of our current and rapidly expanding knowledge of hydraulic processes on alluvial fans. It addresses the subject from a multidisciplinary viewpoint, acquainting the geologist with engineering principles, and the civil engineer and planner with geological principles pertinent to the analysis of hydraulic processes on alluvial fans. The book thus provides much of interest to geologists, civil engineers and planners involved in floodplain management and drainage design in arid and semi-arid regions.

Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering Systems

Author: Robert J. Houghtalen,A. Osman H. Akan,Ned H. C. Hwang

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134292502

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 6349

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Understanding Hydraulics: The Design, Analysis, and Engineering of Hydraulic Systems Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering Systems bridges the gap between fundamental principles and techniques applied to the design and analysis of hydraulic engineering systems. An extension of fluid mechanics, hydraulics is often more difficult to understand, and experience shows that many engineering students have trouble solving practical problems in hydraulics. The book builds on readers’ problem solving skills by presenting various problem and solution scenarios throughout including effective design procedures, equations, tables and graphs, and helpful computer software. The first half of the Fifth Edition discusses the fundamentals of fluid statics, fluid dynamics, and pipe flow, giving readers practical insight on water flow and pipe design. The latter half dives into water flow and hydraulic systems design, covering some of the most common hydraulic structures such as wells, dams, spillways, culverts, and stilling basins. The book ends with four ancillary topics: measurements, model studies, hydrology for hydraulic design and statistical methods in hydrology, as well as common techniques for obtaining hydraulic design flows.

Environmental Hydraulics, Two Volume Set

Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Enviornmental Hydraulics, Athens, Greece, 23-25 June 2010

Author: George C. Christodoulou,Anastasios I. Stamou

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203841239

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1288

View: 8818

Over the last two decades environmental hydraulics as an academic discipline has expanded considerably, caused by growing concerns over water environmental issues associated with pollution and water balance problems on regional and global scale. These issues require a thorough understanding of processes related to environmental flows and transport phenomena, and the development of new approaches for practical solutions. Environmental Hydraulics includes about 200 contributions from 35 countries presented at the 6th International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics (Athens, Greece, 23-25 June 2010). They cover the state-of-the-art on a broad range of topics, including: fundamentals aspects of environmental fluid mechanics environmental hydraulics problems of inland, coastal and ground waters interfacial processes; computational, experimental and field measurement techniques ecological aspects, and effects of global climate change. Environmental Hydraulics will be of interest to researchers, civil/environmental engineers, and professional engineers dealing with the design and operation of environmental hydraulic works such as wastewater treatment and disposal, river and marine constructions, and to academics and graduate students in related fields.