Urban Groundwater Management and Sustainability

Author: John H. Tellam,Michael O. Rivett,Rauf G. Israfilov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402051751

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 4529

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The forty papers in this book explore the state of sustainable groundwater management in a wide range of countries and cultures, climates, and geologies. They are organized in topic areas covering flow, chemical water quality, biological water quality, remediation, engineering, and socio-economics. An introductory section presents a range of integrated regional-scale studies. This volume will interest groundwater specialists in industry and research, and will provide insight for other urban specialists, including planners.

Groundwater Management in Asian Cities

Technology and Policy for Sustainability

Author: Satoshi Takizawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431783997

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 9953

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In 2007, the world's urban population surpassed the number of people living in rural areas and is still growing. The number of city dwellers who do not have access to piped water and rely on groundwater is also increasing. In many Asian cities, groundwater is not only the source of domestic water but also an important resource for industrial development, making better management of groundwater resources essential for sustainable development. Because groundwater is easier to access and costs less than water from piped systems, groundwater abstraction cannot be easily regulated. Policies for groundwater management adopted in Japan and other Asian countries are compared, and technologies for efficient use of groundwater are elucidated. Groundwater contamination is also a serious problem that exacerbates water scarcity in Asian cities. Case studies illustrate the cause and consequences of naturally occurring contaminants such as arsenic and fluoride, and groundwater contamination due to anthropogenic contaminants is described. Also discussed are technologies for treating contaminated groundwater to reduce the health risks of drinking contaminated groundwater.

Groundwater in Urban Development

Assessing Management Needs and Formulating Policy Strategies

Author: Stephen S. D. Foster,Adrian Lawrence,Brian Morris

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821340721

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 55

View: 3589

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This paper highlights key urban groundwater issues and management needs. It also raises awareness and understanding of hydrogeological processes in urban areas and provides a framework for the proper and systematic consideration of groundwater dimensions in urban management. This paper suggests options for greater sustainable development and management of groundwater in urban areas.

Advanced Simulation and Modeling for Urban Groundwater Management - UGROW

UNESCO-IHP

Author: Dubravka Pokrajac,Ken W.F. Howard

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231041738

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 1563

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Advanced Simulation and Modelling for Urban Groundwater Management - UGROW Groundwater plays a vital role in the urban water cycle but is frequently ignored. The assessment and evaluation of urban water systems rarely consider the contribution of groundwater to the urban water budget, and available decision-support tools for integrated urban water management often fail to include aquifer storage and the strong two-way interaction that commonly occurs between groundwater and surface water and other urban water system components. Advanced Simulation and Modelling for Urban Groundwater Management - UGROW presents the result of a project of UNESCO's International Hydrological Programme on the topic. The book presents UGROW - a complete and fully integrated Modelling package - for simulating urban water systems. As a decision-support tool for urban water management, it focuses on urban groundwater, but all other key urban water system elements are fully represented and seamlessly linked. The theory behind UGROW is thoroughly described in the book, with three case studies illustrating how UGROW can be applied in practice. A CD-ROM containing a fully functional version of UGROW is included in the book.

Urban Groundwater, Meeting the Challenge

IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology 8

Author: Ken W.F. Howard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203947053

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 16

View: 8493

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During the past three decades, urban groundwater has emerged as one of the world’s most pressing issues. Explosive population growth, most prevalent in cities, has placed an inordinate demand on groundwater supply, prompting concerns for its long-term sustainability at a time when the quality of available groundwater resources is being increasingly degraded by anthropogenic activity. Cities less reliant on groundwater for potable supply are equally obliged to manage subsurface water with cautious respect since rising groundwater levels can generate a myriad of problems such as unstable land slopes, flooded basements, tunnels and electrical utilities, and the release of polluted water to urban wetlands, springs and streams. Challenges in Urban Groundwater is premised on a growing recognition that most urban groundwater problems are not uniquely associated with any particular region or hydrogeological environment, and much can be learned by understanding the successes and failures of others. It showcases the best urban groundwater papers presented at the International Geological Congress held in Florence, Italy in 2004, and is supplemented by contributions solicited from other world experts active in urban groundwater research. Topics covered range from the urban water balance and rising groundwater levels to groundwater contamination and the role of aquifer modelling.

Urban Water Resources Toolbox

Integrating Groundwater Into Urban Water Management

Author: Leif Wolf,Brian Morris,Stewart Burn

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843391384

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 4260

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Holistic but applicable approaches are urgently ne

Integrated Urban Water Management: Arid and Semi-Arid Regions

UNESCO-IHP

Author: Larry Mays

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203895444

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 4222

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The Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) is an emerging approach to managing the entire urban water cycle in an integrated way, which is key to achieving the sustainability of urban water resources and services. The IUWM incorporates: the systematic consideration of the various dimensions of water, including surface and groundwater resources, quality and quantity issues; the implication that while water is a system it is also a component which interacts with other systems; and the interrelationships between water and social and economic development. Integrated Urban Water Management: Arid and Semi-Arid Regions – the outcome of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme project on the topic – examines the integrated management of water resources in urban settings, focusing on issues specific to arid and semi-arid regions and on what make them different from other regions. The urban water management system is considered herein as two integrated major entities; water supply management and water excess management. The first six chapters provide an overview of the various aspects of IUWM in arid and semi-arid regions, with emphasis on water supply technologies, such as artificial recharge, water transfers, desalination, and harvesting of rainfall. Water excess management is examined in the context of both the stormwater management system and the floodplain management system. Case studies from developed and developing countries are presented in order to emphasize the various needs and challenges of water management in urban environments in arid and semi-arid regions around the world.

Data Requirements for Integrated Urban Water Management

Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP

Author: Tim Fletcher,Ana Deletic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203932471

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 9473

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Integrated urban water management relies on data allowing us to analyse, understand and predict the behaviour of the individual water cycle components and their interactions. The concomitant monitoring of the complex of urban water system elements makes it possible to grasp the entirety of relations among the various components of the urban water cycle and so develop a holistic approach to solving urban water problems. Data Requirements for Integrated Urban Water Managements - issuing from UNESCO's International Hydrological Programme project on this topic - is geared towards improving integrated urban water management by providing guidance on the collection, validation, storage, assessment and utilization of the relevant data. The first part of this volume describes general principles for developing a monitoring programme in support of sustainable urban water management. The second part examines in detail the monitoring of individual water cycle components. Two case studies in the final part illustrating attempts to deliver an integrated monitoring system help demonstrate the fundamental principles of sustainable urban water management elaborated here.

Sustainable Water Management in Urban Environments

Author: Tamim Younos,Tammy E. Parece

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319293370

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 5573

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This volume focuses on practical aspects of sustainable water management in urban areas and presents a discussion of key concepts, methodologies, and case studies of innovative and evolving technologies. Topics include: (1) challenges in urban water resiliency; (2) water and energy nexus; (3) integrated urban water management; and (4) water reuse options (black water, gray water, rainwater). This volume serves as a useful reference for students and researchers involved in holistic approaches to water management, and as a valuable guide to experts in governmental agencies as well as planners and engineers concerned with sustainable water management systems in urban environments.

Sustainable Development of Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering in China

Proceedings for the 2016 International Conference on Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering

Author: Wei Dong,Yanqing Lian,Yong Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319616307

Category: Science

Page: 415

View: 6362

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This book presents the gatherings of the “2016 International Conference on Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering,” which primarily focused on the sustainable development of water resources and the environment in both China and the United States. The respective papers cover a wide variety of research areas, including watershed hydrology; river hydraulics; groundwater hydrology; water resources management and sustainability development; water supply planning under climate change; water quality analysis and water pollution; sponge city development and urban watershed management; environment and sustainability; global connections between air and water; and irrigation and drainage issues for agricultural engineering. The contributions will be of interest to a global readership and highlight the emerging problems facing developing countries, as well as research and measures to successfully deal with them and promote a greener and more eco-friendly living environment.

Urban Groundwater Pollution

IAH International Contributions to Hydrogeology 24

Author: David Lerner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203971329

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 7937

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More than 50% of the world's population already live in cities, and the proportion is rising extremely rapidly towards developed country levels of more than 90%. Groundwater from wells is the major source of water supply for many of these cities, however, groundwater is polluted by the cities that overlie it and sewerage systems are often absent, or leak. Industrial landuse implies the use of large quantities of chemicals, and it is the poor disposal and accidental spillage of these chemicals which results in the contamination of virtually every industrial site in the world. Much of this pollution migrates deeper to damage groundwater. Groundwater has slow turnover time, often measured in decades and centuries, reducing the self-cleansing capacity. Urban aquifers are therefore vitally important but very fragile, easily damaged and slow to repair. Urban groundwater problems and solutions vary greatly around the world. Mature cities often have remote and clean water supplies, good sewerage systems, strict controls on groundwater and land use, and declining industries. However, they have a legacy of more than one hundred years of waste disposal and industrially-contaminated land which continues to cause problems. Rapidly urbanising cities are frequently dependent on local groundwater and have poor sanitation and uncontrolled industry. These factors present many immediate risks to human health. This book explains the nature and value of urban groundwater, discussing the types of pollutants that are found, and their sources. The unique aspect of this book is the in-depth discussion of six different urban environments, complete with case studies. These environments are: Mature industrial cities; Arid-zone cities; Weathered crystalline aquifers in sub-Saharan Africa; Cities overlying karst aquifers; Alluvial aquifer systems; Shallow aquifers in Mediterranean climates.

Urban Water Security

Author: Robert C. Brears

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119131723

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 9081

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In the 21st Century, the world will see an unprecedented migration of people moving from rural to urban areas. With global demand for water projected to outstrip supply in the coming decades, cities will likely face water insecurity as a result of climate change and the various impacts of urbanisation. Traditionally, urban water managers have relied on large-scale, supply-side infrastructural projects to meet increased demands for water; however, these projects are environmentally, economically and politically costly. Urban Water Security argues that cities need to transition from supply-side to demand-side management to achieve urban water security. This book provides readers with a series of in-depth case studies of leading developed cities, of differing climates, incomes and lifestyles from around the world, that have used demand management tools to modify the attitudes and behaviour of water users in an attempt to achieve urban water security. Urban Water Security will be of particular interest to town and regional planners, water conservation managers and policymakers, international companies and organisations with large water footprints, environmental and water NGOs, researchers, graduate and undergraduate students. Robert C. Brears is the founder of Mitidaption, Mark and Focus, is Director on the International Board of the Indo Global Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture, and a Visiting Fellow (non-resident) at the Center for Conflict Studies at MIIS, Monterey, USA.

Urban Sustainability and River Restoration

Green and Blue Infrastructure

Author: Katia Perini,Paola Sabbion

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111924496X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 8290

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13.1.3 Policies and local community -- References -- Chapter 13.2: Los Angeles River, USA - Opportunities and Policies -- 13.2.1 River revitalization plans -- 13.2.2 Costs and benefits -- 13.2.3 Community involvement -- References -- Chapter 13.3: Madrid Río, Spain - Opportunities and Policies -- 13.3.1 Project development -- 13.3.2 Project costs and benefits -- References -- Chapter 13.4: Paillon River, France - Opportunities and Policies -- 13.4.1 Framework of French water policies -- 13.4.2 Local policies and projects -- References -- Chapter 13.5: River Thames, England - Opportunities and Policies -- 13.5.1 Water policy framework and planning strategies -- 13.5.2 Local policies and projects -- 13.5.3 Project costs and benefits -- References -- Chapter 13.6: Emscher River, Germany - Opportunities and Policies -- 13.6.1 Project development -- 13.6.2 Policies and participation -- 13.6.3 Project costs and benefits -- References -- Index -- End User License Agreement

Aquatic Habitats in Sustainable Urban Water Management

Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP

Author: Iwona Wagner,Jiri Marsalek,Pascal Breil

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203932498

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 9811

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Aquatic habitats supply a wide range of vital ecosystem benefits to cities and their inhabitants. The unsustainable use of aquatic habitats, including inadequate urban water management itself, however, tends to alter and reduce their biodiversity and therewith diminish their ability to provide clean water, protect us from waterborne diseases and pollutants, keep urban areas safe from flooding, and support recreational ecosystem services and even the aesthetic enjoyment of our world. Aquatic Habitats in Sustainable Urban Water Management – the result of collaboration between UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme and its Man and the Biosphere Programme – aims at improving our understanding of aquatic habitats, related ecosystem goods and services, and conservation and sustainable use – with a special focus on their integration into urban water management. The first part of this volume reviews basic concepts and challenges in urban aquatic habitats, as well as strategies for their management integration. The second part examines technical measures related to habitats management and rehabilitation, along with their incorporation into urban planning and their role in human health. The final part looks at current urban aquatic habitat issues and practical approaches to solving them through the lens of case studies from around the globe. Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP Following from the Sixth Phase of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (2002–2007), the Urban Water Series – UNESCO-IHP addresses fundamental issues related to the role of water in cities and the effects of urbanization on the hydrological cycle and water resources. Focusing on the development of integrated approaches to sustainable urban water management, the Series should inform the work of urban water management practitioners, policy-makers and educators throughout the world.

Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality

Proceedings of an International Symposium Held During IUGG 99, the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, at Birmingham, UK 18-30 July 1999

Author: J. Bryan Ellis

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502060

Category: Environmental impact analysis

Page: 437

View: 6065

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Sustainable Water

Challenges and Solutions from California

Author: Allison Lassiter

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520285360

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 408

View: 1423

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"Water scarcity, urban population growth, and deteriorating infrastructure impact water security around the globe. As California wrestles with the most significant drought in its recorded history, struggling to secure reliable water supplies for the future, it faces all of these crises. The story of California water, its history and its future, includes cautions and solutions for any region seeking to manage water among the pressures of a dynamic society and environment. Written by leading policy makers, lawyers, economists, hydrologists, ecologists, engineers and planners, Sustainable Water reaches across disciplines, uncovering connections and intersections. The solutions and provocations put forward in this book integrate water management strategies to increase resilience in a changing world"--Provided by publisher.