Urban Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Stormwater Quality

Engineering Applications and Computer Modeling

Author: A. Osman Akan,Robert J. Houghtalen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471431589

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 3050

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A practical introduction on today′s challenge of controlling and managing the water resources used by and affected by cities and urbanized communities. The book offers an integrated engineering approach, covering the spectrum of urban watershed management, urban hydraulic systems, and overall stormwater management. Each chapter concludes with helpful problems. Solutions Manual available to qualified professors and instructors upon request. Introduces the reader to two popular, non–proprietary computer–modeling pro–grams: HEC–HMS (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) and SWMM (U.S EPA).

Urban Hydrology and Hydraulic Design

Author: James Chwen-Yuan Guo

Publisher: Water Resources Publication

ISBN: 9781887201483

Category: Hydraulic machinery

Page: 507

View: 5767

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Latest developments of urban hydrology and hydraulic design procedures for storm water management.Drainage planning is an approach that integrates both local and regional efforts to identify drainage conveyance and storage facilities based on hydrologic optimization and cost minimization individually and collectively. In general, the first six chapters cover the hydrologic procedures for rainfall and runoff predictions, and the next 12 chapters focus on hydraulic designs of urban channel, culvert, street inlet, sewer drain, detention basin, retention basin, infiltration basin, low impact designs, and storm water modeling techniques by various routing methods.Hydrology analyses are lengthy in calculation and repetitive in procedure. As a result, Excel Spreadsheet is the most useful and handy tool for hydraulic and hydrologic designs. This book includes 18 sets of spreadsheets developed for 18 subjects. With these spreadsheets, it is easy for the reader to conduct sensitivity tests. Many of the design methods documented in this book have been adopted as the recommended design procedure by Denver, Las Vegas, and Sacramento metropolitan areas in the United States. Based on these methods, there are many design computer models that have been developed and supported by the Denver metro governments for stormwater design purposes.

Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering Systems

Author: Robert J. Houghtalen,A. Osman Akan,Ned H. C. Hwang

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0136016383

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 2108

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Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering Systems, Fourth Edition is a very useful reference for practicing engineers who want to review basic principles and their applications in hydraulic engineering systems. This fundamental treatment of engineering hydraulics balances theory with practical design solutions to common engineering problems. The author examines the most common topics in hydraulics, including hydrostatics, pipe flow, pipelines, pipe networks, pumps, open channel flow, hydraulic structures, water measurement devices, and hydraulic similitude and model studies. Chapters dedicated to groundwater, deterministic hydrology, and statistical hydrology make this text ideal for courses designed to cover hydraulics and hydrology in one semester.

Principles of Stormwater Management

Author: Roger D. Griffin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351113739

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6364

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This book presents of all aspects of storm water management: the hydrologic cycle, sources of contaminants, standards applicable to discharges, regulatory issues, atmospheric deposition, best management practices, and health/environmental impacts. It includes technical details of the modern treatment of stormwater, the emerging issues of atmospheric deposition, run-on, and snow melt, the Epidemiologic Model, and field data on discharge concentrations of a variety of contaminants. The principles explained in this book will enable students, contractors, developers, and engineers to grasp the most important field elements which must be included for construction projects impacting stormwater.

Urban Flood Mitigation and Stormwater Management

Author: James C Y Guo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351980505

Category: Science

Page: 605

View: 8756

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Effective urban drainage to manage stormwater and control flooding depends on good engineering, especially when an environmentally sustainable approach is being applied. This new text focuses on green methods and modelling techniques. It covers the principles of hydrology and drainage, low-impact-development (LID) designs, computer modelling techniques, the evaluation of existing systems, and planning for both new development and urban renewal. It outlines design procedures using examples, spreadsheet models, photos, and real-world design examples. Unlike other books, which focus on extreme events, this book covers hydrologic designs for both extreme and frequent events, and reflects the latest revolution in stormwater LID management, and takes a quantitative as well as a qualitative approach. PowerPoint® presentations and Excel® computer models are provided to follow and build on the exercises in the book. It is written especially for students on urban watershed courses, and also for those studying urban planning, landscaping, water resources, hydrology and hydraulics.

Urban Storm Water Management

Author: Hormoz Pazwash

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439810361

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 550

View: 9722

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Covering all elements of the storm water runoff process, Urban Storm Water Management includes numerous examples and case studies to guide practitioners in the design, maintenance, and understanding of runoff systems, erosion control systems, and common design methods and misconceptions. It covers storm water management in practice and in regulation, and reviews shortcomings and suggestions for improvements. It also covers alternative methods such as porous pavements, rain gardens, green roofs and other systems which are becoming increasingly popular and are forming the future of storm water management. Appropriate storm water management and compliance is a necessary, yet costly and involved process. This book provides information, guidelines, and case studies to guide practitioners through all phases of effective structural storm water management. This book covers: All aspects of storm water management—including its impacts on the environment Numerous design procedures and problems with a separate solutions manual Hydrologic and hydraulic calculations involved in the field of storm water management Design and calculation methods required for efficient storm water management Pipe and open channel flow equations, supplemented with charts and tables Various types of nonstructural, source reduction measures Installation methods of drainage and storm water management facilities Urbanization has had a drastic impact on the natural process of storm water runoff; increasing both the peak and the volume of runoff, reducing infiltration, while also degrading water quality. Urban Storm Water Management is a compendium of all matters necessary for the design of efficient drainage and storm water management systems. It includes numerous examples of hydrologic and hydraulic calculations involved in this field. It also contains ample case studies that exemplify the methods and procedures for the design of extended detention basins, infiltration basins, and underground retention/infiltration basins such as chambers and dry wells. Furthermore, the book demonstrates how storm water runoff can be an effective and cost-efficient conservable and reusable resource.

Stormwater Management for Land Development

Methods and Calculations for Quantity Control

Author: Thomas A. Seybert

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471721772

Category: Architecture

Page: 392

View: 9049

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Introductory guide to hydraulics, hydrology, and stormwater management design Stormwater Management for Land Development is a unique, much-needed book on developing stormwater management plans that only requires readers to understand algebra, trigonometry, and geometry. Beginning with the fundamentals, it walks readers through the ABCs of fluid mechanics and hydrology and presents practical methods and designs to control stormwater. Useful to the growing group of professional surveyors and engineers who may not have taken fluid mechanics or hydrology courses, Stormwater Management for Land Development features: * Sections on elementary fluid mechanics including statics, dynamics, and open channel flow * Sections on practical hydrology including design rainfall, travel time, and runoff methods * Material on NRCS/SCS unit hydrograph and TR-55 tabular hydrograph procedures, with reference to the latest WinTR-55 variant * Design methods for stormwater conveyance, including storm sewer, culvert, and open channel designs * A detailed procedure for sizing and designing a multiple stage outlet structure for multiple event detention requirements * More than seventy-five example problems illustrating fluid flow and hydrology calculation methods * Review problems at the end of most chapters With more than 150 helpful illustrations, Stormwater Management for Land Development is the most comprehensive, basic guide to hydraulics, hydrology, and stormwater management design methods for quantity control.

Urban Stormwater Management Tools

Author: Larry Mays

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071428378

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 4669

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This guide provides coverage of the methods for managing urban stormwater and preventing sewage overflows and flooding. It details the design of basins and detention systems, covers subsurface and wetland issues, and presents a complete methodology for regulating and dealing with sewer overflows.

Role of Rainfall and Catchment Characteristics on Urban Stormwater Quality

Author: An Liu,Ashantha Goonetilleke,Prasanna Egodawatta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9812874593

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 9463

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The key highlights of the book include an innovative rainfall classification methodology based on stormwater quality to support the planning and design of stormwater treatment systems. Additionally, this book provides a practical approach to effective stormwater treatment design and development of a methodology for rainfall selection to optimize stormwater treatment based on both its quality and quantity. The case study presented in this book evaluates how pollutant buildup on urban surfaces and stormwater runoff quality varies with a range of catchment characteristics based on different rainfall types. The information presented will be of particular interest to practitioners such as stormwater-treatment designers, urban planners and hydrologic and stormwater-quality model developers since the outcomes presented provide practical approaches to and recommendations for urban stormwater-quality improvement. Readers will benefit from a state-of-the-art critical review of literature on urban stormwater quality, an in-depth discussion on stormwater-quality processes providing guidance for engineering practice such as stormwater treatment design and model development, a comprehensive overview on the application of multivariate data analysis techniques and a paradigm of the integrated use of commercial models and mathematical equations to undertake a comprehensive, urban stormwater-quality investigation.

Urban Stormwater Hydrology

A Guide to Engineering Calculations

Author: Osman A. Akan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780877629672

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 265

View: 2163

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This book and software package provides a concise, practical guide for those involved in studying, planning, and designing urban stormwater management practices. The emphasis is on engineering calculations rather than theory. Many facets of stormwater management, from rainfall analysis and design storm selection procedures to runoff calculations and the evaluation of wet ponds for long-term, efficient water quality control. The book presents broadly used conventional methods and innovative techniques that are in line with current trends and needs. The book also includes the Soil Conservation Service's TR-20 computer software and a new easy-to-follow user's guide. From the Preface There has been much interest in urban stormwater hydrology during the past two decades due to the widespread recognition of the adverse effects of urbanization on stormwater runoff. During this period, many individuals and organizations developed innovative techniques to estimate and control the quantity and the water quality of urban stormwater runoff.

Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management

Author: Thomas H. Cahill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118202449

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 9484

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Sustainable Stormwater Management introduces engineers and designers to ideas and methods for managing stormwater in a more ecologically sustainable fashion. It provides detailed information on the design process, engineering details and calculations, and construction concerns. Concepts are illustrated with real-world examples, complete with photographs. This guide integrates the perspectives of landscape architects, planners, and scientists for a multi-disciplinary approach. This is an enlightening reference for professionals working in stormwater management, from engineers and designers to developers to regulators, and a great text for college courses.

Hydrology and Hydraulic Systems

Fourth Edition

Author: Ram S. Gupta

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478634219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 888

View: 9875

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For more than 25 years, the multiple editions of Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems have set the standard for a comprehensive, authoritative treatment of the quantitative elements of water resources development. The latest edition extends this tradition of excellence in a thoroughly revised volume that reflects the current state of practice in the field of hydrology. Widely praised for its direct and concise presentation, practical orientation, and wealth of example problems, Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems presents fundamental theories and concepts balanced with excellent coverage of engineering applications and design. The Fourth Edition features a major revision of the chapter on distribution systems, as well as a new chapter on the application of remote sensing and computer modeling to hydrology. Outstanding features of the Fourth Edition include . . . • More than 350 illustrations and 200 tables • More than 225 fully solved examples, both in FPS and SI units • Fully worked-out examples of design projects with realistic data • More than 500 end-of-chapter problems for assignment • Discussion of statistical procedures for groundwater monitoring in accordance with the EPA’s Unified Guidance • Detailed treatment of hydrologic field investigations and analytical procedures for data assessment, including the USGS acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) approach • Thorough coverage of theory and design of loose-boundary channels, including the latest concept of combining the regime theory and the power function laws

Open Channel Hydraulics

Author: A. Osman Akan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080479804

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 4468

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Open Channel Hydraulics is written for undergraduate and graduate civil engineering students, and practicing engineers. Written in clear and simple language, it introduces and explains all the main topics required for courses on open channel flows, using numerous worked examples to illustrate the key points. With coverage of both introduction to flows, practical guidance to the design of open channels, and more advanced topics such as bridge hydraulics and the problem of scour, Professor Akan's book offers an unparalleled user-friendly study of this important subject ·Clear and simple style suited for undergraduates and graduates alike ·Many solved problems and worked examples ·Practical and accessible guide to key aspects of open channel flow

Stormwater Design for Sustainable Development

Author: Ronald L. Rossmiller

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071816550

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 680

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MANAGE STORMWATER RUNOFF THROUGH SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Stormwater Design for Sustainable Development presents an integrated approach to controlling stormwater runoff quantity and quality. With a focus on low-impact development, the book describes how to incorporate existing topography and drainage channels, curvilinear street layout, building locations, utilities, and proven best management practices, blending them all into a pleasing whole. The results, as shown by designs and calculations in several appendices, are developments for various land uses that are attractive, safe, affordable, sustainable, and economical to construct and maintain. They allow developers to use 100 percent of the sites for profitable construction, leading to developments that are community assets. This practical guide explains how to determine allowable water depths; develop inflow hydrographs for various components of a development; estimate storage volumes for above, surface, and underground locations; calculate outflow structure hydraulics for numerous types of facilities; and calculate routing curves and hydrograph routing. Real-world examples, calculations, and design plans are contained in this valuable resource. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Low-impact developments Triple bottom line (people, planet, profit) Coving and curvilinear streets Planning Types of best management practices Precipitation Drainage area estimation Time of concentration estimation Design steps Allowable depths Depth-storage relationships Inflow hydrographs Basic hydraulics Culvert hydraulics Riser structure design Hydrograph routing Several design examples

Stormwater Management for Smart Growth

Author: Allen P. Davis,Richard H. McCuen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387260488

Category: Nature

Page: 368

View: 9528

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Land development to support population increases and shifts requires changes to the hydrologic cycle. Increased impervious area results in greater volumes of runoff, higher flow velocities, and increased pollutant fluxes to local waterways. As we learn more about the negative impacts of these outcomes, it becomes more important to develop and manage land in a smart manner that reduces these impacts. This text provides the reader with background information on hydrology and water quality issues that are necessary to understand many of the environmental problems associated with land development and growth. The variability of runoff" flows and pollutant concentrations, however, makes the performance of simple technologies erratic and predicting and modeling their performance difficult. Chapters on statistics and modeling are included to provide the proper background and tools. The latter chapters of the text cover many of the different technologies that can be employed to address runoff flows and improve water quality. These chapters take a design approach with specific examples provided for many of the management practices. A number of methods are currently available for addressing the problems associated with stormwater runoff quality from urban areas; more continue to be developed as research is advanced and interest in this subject continues to surge. Traditionally, techniques for the improvement of runoff quality were borrowed applications from water and wastewater treatment, such as large sedimentation ponds Recently, increased interest has been placed on using natural systems to improve water quality.

Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution

Concepts and Engineering

Author: Thorkild Hvitved-Jacobsen,Jes Vollertsen,Asbjorn Haaning Nielsen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439858438

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 367

View: 6644

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As the world population grows, already burgeoning cities are becoming taxed in every conceivable way. One topic that receives few headlines, but significantly impacts an area’s quality of health and economic development is the challenge to maintain sustainable urban drainage (SUD). Poor drainage can hamper transportation, add to problems of pollution, and compromise essential clean water resources. While a number of references concentrate on the hydrology, hydraulics, and transport phenomena relevant for urban drainage, we must recognize that any solution requires a more comprehensive consideration of the problem. Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution: Concepts and Engineering offers a comprehensive text on wet weather pollution originating from urban drainage and road runoff. Bringing together the empirical and theoretical approaches needed to mitigate the problem, this volume: Provides a basic understanding of sources, pathways, and impacts of pollutants associated with wet weather hydrologic cycles occurring in areas with impervious or semi-impervious surfaces Examines wet weather pollutant discharges into streams, lakes, and coastal waters, as well as soil systems Details tools to quantify physical, chemical, and biological characteristics associated with wet weather pollution and methodologies for pollution abatement, control, and monitoring runoff Offers general methodologies and site-specific approaches to deal with stormwater runoff, road runoff, and sewer overflows Supplies reliable predictive tools and modeling methods SUD is rapidly becoming a problem of crisis proportions; but while we must act quickly, any solution must be based on sound principles, accurate data, and proven methods. Written by top researchers with years of experience, this book offers those working at the front line with an accessible resource that helps ameliorate problem situations and prevent others from developing.

Enhancing the Storm Water Treatment Performance of Constructed Wetlands and Bioretention Basins

Author: Isri R. Mangangka,An Liu,Ashantha Goonetilleke,Prasanna Egodawatta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811016607

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 9163

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This book identifies the key hydrologic and hydraulic factors which influence the performance of stormwater quality treatment systems such as constructed wetlands and bioretention basins. Mathematical relationships derived using conceptual models underpinned by fundamental hydraulic theory are presented to predict treatment performance. The key highlights of the book will include the identification of the linkages between influential hydrologic and hydraulic factors for constructed wetlands and bioretention basins to support more accurate prediction of treatment performance and effective design of these types of stormwater treatment systems. Furthermore, this book will showcase an innovative approach for using conceptual models to analyze stormwater treatment system performance.

Urban Transportation Systems

Author: Sigurd Grava

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071384179

Category: Architecture

Page: 840

View: 696

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Urban Transportation Systems is a complete guide to the types of transportation available to communities together with the technical tools needed to evaluate each for given circumstances.