Urban Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Stormwater Quality

Engineering Applications and Computer Modeling

Author: A. Osman Akan,Robert J. Houghtalen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471431589

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 2227

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A practical introduction on today′s challenge of controlling and managing the water resources used by and affected by cities and urbanized communities. The book offers an integrated engineering approach, covering the spectrum of urban watershed management, urban hydraulic systems, and overall stormwater management. Each chapter concludes with helpful problems. Solutions Manual available to qualified professors and instructors upon request. Introduces the reader to two popular, non–proprietary computer–modeling pro–grams: HEC–HMS (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) and SWMM (U.S EPA).

Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering Systems

Author: Robert J. Houghtalen,Ned H. C. Hwang,A. Osman H. Akan

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 0133002497

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 1544

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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Fundamentals of Hydraulic Engineering Systems, Fourth Edition is a very useful reference for practicing engineers who want to review basic principles and their applications in hydraulic engineering systems. This fundamental treatment of engineering hydraulics balances theory with practical design solutions to common engineering problems. The author examines the most common topics in hydraulics, including hydrostatics, pipe flow, pipelines, pipe networks, pumps, open channel flow, hydraulic structures, water measurement devices, and hydraulic similitude and model studies. Chapters dedicated to groundwater, deterministic hydrology, and statistical hydrology make this text ideal for courses designed to cover hydraulics and hydrology in one semester.

Landscape Dynamics, Soils and Hydrological Processes in Varied Climates

Author: Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319187872

Category: Nature

Page: 839

View: 2040

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The book presents the processes governing the dynamics of landscapes, soils and sediments, water and energy under different climatic regions using studies conducted in varied climatic zones including arid, semi-arid, humid and wet regions. The spatiotemporal availability of the processes and fluxes and their linkage to the environment, land, soil and water management are presented at various scales. Spatial scales including laboratory, field, watershed, river basin and regions are represented. The effect of tillage operations and land management on soil physical characteristics and soil moisture is discussed. The book has 35 chapters in seven sections: 1) Landscape and Land Cover Dynamics, 2) Rainfall-Runoff Processes, 3) Floods and Hydrological Processes 4) Groundwater Flow and Aquifer Management, 5) Sediment Dynamics and Soil Management, 6) Climate change impact on vegetation, sediment and water dynamics, and 7) Water and Watershed Management.

Urban Water Engineering and Management

Author: Mohammad Karamouz,Ali Moridi,Sara Nazif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439882517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 628

View: 1985

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In past decades, urban water management practices focused on optimizing the design and operation of water distribution networks, wastewater collection systems, and water and wastewater treatment plants. However, municipalities are now faced with aging urban water infrastructures whose operation must be improved and expanded to maintain current high standards of living as well as new challenges such as climate change, systems sustainability and water quality issues. Integrating the latest developments in urban water hydrology and management, Urban Water Engineering and Management takes a system approach to urban water hydrology, engineering, planning and management, supplying examples and case studies and highlighting pressing issues such as urban water governance, disaster management, and climate change impacts on urban areas. The book draws attention to climate change as a main concern of this century by focusing on its impact the components of water cycle. The book covers modeling of urban water cycle components, urban water supply, and distribution systems demand forecasting. It also presents classical issues, such as design of water distribution networks and wastewater and storm collection in urban settings, from a system's perspective. The text also includes a discussion of water governance and disaster management in urban areas and the urbanization effects on the environment and the needed water infrastructure development in urban areas. Against this background, the authors discuss the importance of understanding the principles of simulation, optimization, multiple-criterion decision making, and conflict resolution for successful, integrated urban water management. They explore integrated water management and planning solutions for incorporating structural and nonstructural means to achieve the best operational schemes at affordable costs, going beyond using the existing structures and physical limitations on water availability to include technical, social, political, and economic aspects of better water and wastewater management in urban areas. Written and designed especially for intermediate and advanced courses/modules in water resources in civil and environmental engineering, and in urban planning, the book can be used as a textbook for civil engineering, urban and regional planning, geography, environmental science, and in courses dealing with urban water cycle. It also introduces new horizons for engineers as well as policy and decision makers who plan for future urban water and regional sustainability. Engineers and planners, especially those who work on design, planning, and management of urban systems and/or community development, can use this book in practice because it deals with a broad range of real world urban water problems.

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552476

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 3786

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While most books examine only the classical aspects of hydrology, this three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: Climate change and hydrological hazards, hydrological modeling, and urban water systems, as well as climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources, climate change uncertainty, vulnerability, and adaption Rainfall estimation and changes, hydrological changes of mangrove ecosystems, impact of the development of vegetation on flow conditions and flood hazards, urbanization impacts on runoff regime, and discretization in urban watersheds Artificial neural network-based modeling of hydrologic processes, flow and sediment transport modeling in rivers, hybrid hydrological modeling, hydrologic modeling: stochastic processes, and time series analysis of hydrologic data Dam risk and uncertainty, drought indices for drought risk assessment in a changing climate, hydrologic prediction and uncertainty quantification, uncertainty and risk of the PMP and PMF Geostatistics applications in hydrology, GIS applications in a changing climate, GIS-based upland erosion mapping, regional flood frequency analysis, regionalization of hydrological extreme events, remote sensing data and information for hydrological monitoring and modeling Application of copulas in hydrology, bankfull frequency of rivers, statistical parameters used for assessing hydrological regime, significance of statistical tests and persistence in hydrologic processes Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Author: Myer Kutz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119304407

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 768

View: 7002

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A comprehensive guide for both fundamentals and real-world applications of environmental engineering Written by noted experts, Handbook of Environmental Engineering offers a comprehensive guide to environmental engineers who desire to contribute to mitigating problems, such as flooding, caused by extreme weather events, protecting populations in coastal areas threatened by rising sea levels, reducing illnesses caused by polluted air, soil, and water from improperly regulated industrial and transportation activities, promoting the safety of the food supply. Contributors not only cover such timely environmental topics related to soils, water, and air, minimizing pollution created by industrial plants and processes, and managing wastewater, hazardous, solid, and other industrial wastes, but also treat such vital topics as porous pavement design, aerosol measurements, noise pollution control, and industrial waste auditing. This important handbook: Enables environmental engineers to treat problems in systematic ways Discusses climate issues in ways useful for environmental engineers Covers up-to-date measurement techniques important in environmental engineering Reviews current developments in environmental law for environmental engineers Includes information on water quality and wastewater engineering Informs environmental engineers about methods of dealing with industrial and municipal waste, including hazardous waste Designed for use by practitioners, students, and researchers, Handbook of Environmental Engineering contains the most recent information to enable a clear understanding of major environmental issues.

Urban Hydrology and Hydraulic Design

Author: James Chwen-Yuan Guo

Publisher: Water Resources Publication

ISBN: 9781887201483

Category: Hydraulic machinery

Page: 507

View: 475

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Latest developments of urban hydrology and hydraulic design procedures for storm water management.Drainage planning is an approach that integrates both local and regional efforts to identify drainage conveyance and storage facilities based on hydrologic optimization and cost minimization individually and collectively. In general, the first six chapters cover the hydrologic procedures for rainfall and runoff predictions, and the next 12 chapters focus on hydraulic designs of urban channel, culvert, street inlet, sewer drain, detention basin, retention basin, infiltration basin, low impact designs, and storm water modeling techniques by various routing methods.Hydrology analyses are lengthy in calculation and repetitive in procedure. As a result, Excel Spreadsheet is the most useful and handy tool for hydraulic and hydrologic designs. This book includes 18 sets of spreadsheets developed for 18 subjects. With these spreadsheets, it is easy for the reader to conduct sensitivity tests. Many of the design methods documented in this book have been adopted as the recommended design procedure by Denver, Las Vegas, and Sacramento metropolitan areas in the United States. Based on these methods, there are many design computer models that have been developed and supported by the Denver metro governments for stormwater design purposes.

Stormwater

The Journal for Surface Water Quality Professionals

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Runoff

Page: N.A

View: 8693

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Role of Rainfall and Catchment Characteristics on Urban Stormwater Quality

Author: An Liu,Ashantha Goonetilleke,Prasanna Egodawatta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9812874593

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 6319

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The key highlights of the book include an innovative rainfall classification methodology based on stormwater quality to support the planning and design of stormwater treatment systems. Additionally, this book provides a practical approach to effective stormwater treatment design and development of a methodology for rainfall selection to optimize stormwater treatment based on both its quality and quantity. The case study presented in this book evaluates how pollutant buildup on urban surfaces and stormwater runoff quality varies with a range of catchment characteristics based on different rainfall types. The information presented will be of particular interest to practitioners such as stormwater-treatment designers, urban planners and hydrologic and stormwater-quality model developers since the outcomes presented provide practical approaches to and recommendations for urban stormwater-quality improvement. Readers will benefit from a state-of-the-art critical review of literature on urban stormwater quality, an in-depth discussion on stormwater-quality processes providing guidance for engineering practice such as stormwater treatment design and model development, a comprehensive overview on the application of multivariate data analysis techniques and a paradigm of the integrated use of commercial models and mathematical equations to undertake a comprehensive, urban stormwater-quality investigation.

Influence of Traffic and Land Use on Urban Stormwater Quality

Implications for Urban Stormwater Treatment Design

Author: Janaka M.A. Gunawardena,An Liu,Prasanna Egodawatta,Godwin A. Ayoko,Ashantha Goonetilleke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811053022

Category: Science

Page: 84

View: 9002

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This book presents a detailed analysis in relation to pollutant processes and transport pathways encompassing atmospheric pollutants, atmospheric deposition and build-up on road surfaces of traffic generated key pollutants. The research study undertaken by the authors created extensive knowledge relating to the relevant processes and establishing their relationships as a chain of processes. The information presented in this book was derived based on comprehensive experimental investigations including field sampling, laboratory testing, mathematical modelling and multivariate and univariate statistical data analyses. The knowledge presented will be of particular interest to readers such as stormwater treatment design specialists, decision-makers and urban planners since these outcomes provide practical suggestions and recommendations to effective urban stormwater treatment design.

Urban Stormwater Hydrology

A Guide to Engineering Calculations

Author: Osman A. Akan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780877629672

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 265

View: 6396

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This book and software package provides a concise, practical guide for those involved in studying, planning, and designing urban stormwater management practices. The emphasis is on engineering calculations rather than theory. Many facets of stormwater management, from rainfall analysis and design storm selection procedures to runoff calculations and the evaluation of wet ponds for long-term, efficient water quality control. The book presents broadly used conventional methods and innovative techniques that are in line with current trends and needs. The book also includes the Soil Conservation Service's TR-20 computer software and a new easy-to-follow user's guide. From the Preface There has been much interest in urban stormwater hydrology during the past two decades due to the widespread recognition of the adverse effects of urbanization on stormwater runoff. During this period, many individuals and organizations developed innovative techniques to estimate and control the quantity and the water quality of urban stormwater runoff.

Enhancing the Storm Water Treatment Performance of Constructed Wetlands and Bioretention Basins

Author: Isri R. Mangangka,An Liu,Ashantha Goonetilleke,Prasanna Egodawatta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811016607

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 7516

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This book identifies the key hydrologic and hydraulic factors which influence the performance of stormwater quality treatment systems such as constructed wetlands and bioretention basins. Mathematical relationships derived using conceptual models underpinned by fundamental hydraulic theory are presented to predict treatment performance. The key highlights of the book will include the identification of the linkages between influential hydrologic and hydraulic factors for constructed wetlands and bioretention basins to support more accurate prediction of treatment performance and effective design of these types of stormwater treatment systems. Furthermore, this book will showcase an innovative approach for using conceptual models to analyze stormwater treatment system performance.

Neue Wege für das Regenwasser

Handbuch zum Rückhalt und zur Versickerung von Regenwasser in Baugebieten

Author: Wolfgang F. Geiger,Herbert Dreiseitl,Jochen Stemplewski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783835631786

Category: Rainwater

Page: 256

View: 6841

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Design of Urban Stormwater Controls

MOP 23

Author: Water Environment Federation. Design of Urban Stormwater Controls Task Force,Water Environment Federation,Environmental and Water Resources Institute (U.S.)

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071704442

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 705

View: 9080

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This Water Environment Federation Manual of Practice presents the latest standard methods for urban stormwater runoff management and control Design of Urban Stormwater Controls, Second Edition summarizes current practice of stormwater management in urban environments. This Manual of Practice reviews: the effects of uncontrolled runoff on receiving waters; the principles and practices of stormwater management; the institutional framework for stormwater management program implementation; design of runoff controls; cost and maintenance of those controls; methodologies for performance assessment; and analytical tools for design and evaluation. Design of Urban Stormwater Controls Represents the collected background and experience of professionals active in the evaluation and rehabilitation of urban runoff controls Includes financial, social, legal, and environmental aspects Discusses regulatory issues Lists SI units as primary units and U.S. customary units secondary Summarizes basic stormwater management practice principles Authoritative coverage: Introduction; Impacts of Stormwater on Receiving Waters; Stormwater Management Programs; Processes for Runoff Control; Selection Criteria and Design Considerations; Basins; Swales and Strips; Filters; Infiltrators; Gross Pollutant Traps and Mechanical Operations; Maintenance of Stormwater Controls; Whole Life Cost of Stormwater Controls; Performance Assessment; Analytical Tools for Simulation of Stormwater Controls