Urban Stormwater Management in Developing Countries

Author: J. Parkinson,O. Mark

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843390574

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 6728

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The purpose of this book is to disseminate contemporary knowledge and practical experiences concerning problems and solutions related to urban hydrology and drainage. Although the main focus is on developing countries, the book draws from experiences in many other parts of the world. Based upon numerous practical examples and case studies, the book provides information to assist in the management, planning and engineering design processes. Urban Stormwater Management in Developing Countries covers a wide range of methods and approaches to improve the understanding and ability of local stakeholders to solve stormwater problems within the framework of integrated urban water management. As well as structural interventions, the book describes various non-structural approaches for flood mitigation and pollution control. This book encourages the reader to adopt an integrated approach towards stormwater management and considers the importance of institutional arrangements, participation of local stakeholders in planning, as well as aspects of financing and cost recovery. This comprehensive and topical book: Addresses the broad range of issues related to urban stormwater management with a specific focus on developing countries. Covers the main aspects of planning, design, operation and maintenance of urban drainage systems as well as socio-economic and institutional issues related to urban stormwater management. Presents structural and non-structural approaches for flood mitigation and pollution control within an integrated water resource management framework. Provides extensive examples and case studies of "best practice". Contents Urbanisation and urban hydrology Impacts of flooding on society Integrated framework for stormwater management Institutional structures and policies Planning for urban stormwater management Approaches to urban drainage system design Ecological approaches to urban drainage system design Applications of computer models Operational performance and maintenance Flood mitigation and response strategies Participation and partnerships Economics and financing Full Contents List (27KB)

Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality

Proceedings of an International Symposium Held During IUGG 99, the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, at Birmingham, UK 18-30 July 1999

Author: J. Bryan Ellis

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502060

Category: Environmental impact analysis

Page: 437

View: 7029

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Urban Stormwater Management in the United States

Author: Committee on Reducing Stormwater Discharge Contributions to Water Pollution,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309125391

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 3890

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The rapid conversion of land to urban and suburban areas has profoundly altered how water flows during and following storm events, putting higher volumes of water and more pollutants into the nation's rivers, lakes, and estuaries. These changes have degraded water quality and habitat in virtually every urban stream system. The Clean Water Act regulatory framework for addressing sewage and industrial wastes is not well suited to the more difficult problem of stormwater discharges. This book calls for an entirely new permitting structure that would put authority and accountability for stormwater discharges at the municipal level. A number of additional actions, such as conserving natural areas, reducing hard surface cover (e.g., roads and parking lots), and retrofitting urban areas with features that hold and treat stormwater, are recommended.

Non Point Pollution and Urban Stormwater Management

Author: Vladimir Novotny

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566763059

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 434

View: 5101

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Directions of diffuse pollution research and Best Management Practices are evolving, and effective and affordable methods of control are being developed to handle the abatement of toxic pollutants from atmospheric deposition, and urban and agricultural runoff. This book provides a useful manual covering the most important topics and solutions of the diffuse pollution problem with emphasis on urban sources and abatement.

Urban Storm Water Management

Author: Hormoz Pazwash

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439810361

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 550

View: 1935

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Covering all elements of the storm water runoff process, Urban Storm Water Management includes numerous examples and case studies to guide practitioners in the design, maintenance, and understanding of runoff systems, erosion control systems, and common design methods and misconceptions. It covers storm water management in practice and in regulation, and reviews shortcomings and suggestions for improvements. It also covers alternative methods such as porous pavements, rain gardens, green roofs and other systems which are becoming increasingly popular and are forming the future of storm water management. Appropriate storm water management and compliance is a necessary, yet costly and involved process. This book provides information, guidelines, and case studies to guide practitioners through all phases of effective structural storm water management. This book covers: All aspects of storm water management—including its impacts on the environment Numerous design procedures and problems with a separate solutions manual Hydrologic and hydraulic calculations involved in the field of storm water management Design and calculation methods required for efficient storm water management Pipe and open channel flow equations, supplemented with charts and tables Various types of nonstructural, source reduction measures Installation methods of drainage and storm water management facilities Urbanization has had a drastic impact on the natural process of storm water runoff; increasing both the peak and the volume of runoff, reducing infiltration, while also degrading water quality. Urban Storm Water Management is a compendium of all matters necessary for the design of efficient drainage and storm water management systems. It includes numerous examples of hydrologic and hydraulic calculations involved in this field. It also contains ample case studies that exemplify the methods and procedures for the design of extended detention basins, infiltration basins, and underground retention/infiltration basins such as chambers and dry wells. Furthermore, the book demonstrates how storm water runoff can be an effective and cost-efficient conservable and reusable resource.

Urban Flood Mitigation and Stormwater Management

Author: James C Y Guo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351980505

Category: Science

Page: 605

View: 8676

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Effective urban drainage to manage stormwater and control flooding depends on good engineering, especially when an environmentally sustainable approach is being applied. This new text focuses on green methods and modelling techniques. It covers the principles of hydrology and drainage, low-impact-development (LID) designs, computer modelling techniques, the evaluation of existing systems, and planning for both new development and urban renewal. It outlines design procedures using examples, spreadsheet models, photos, and real-world design examples. Unlike other books, which focus on extreme events, this book covers hydrologic designs for both extreme and frequent events, and reflects the latest revolution in stormwater LID management, and takes a quantitative as well as a qualitative approach. PowerPoint® presentations and Excel® computer models are provided to follow and build on the exercises in the book. It is written especially for students on urban watershed courses, and also for those studying urban planning, landscaping, water resources, hydrology and hydraulics.

Sustainable Water Management in Urban Environments

Author: Tamim Younos,Tammy E. Parece

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319293370

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 7778

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This volume focuses on practical aspects of sustainable water management in urban areas and presents a discussion of key concepts, methodologies, and case studies of innovative and evolving technologies. Topics include: (1) challenges in urban water resiliency; (2) water and energy nexus; (3) integrated urban water management; and (4) water reuse options (black water, gray water, rainwater). This volume serves as a useful reference for students and researchers involved in holistic approaches to water management, and as a valuable guide to experts in governmental agencies as well as planners and engineers concerned with sustainable water management systems in urban environments.

Stormwater Design for Sustainable Development

Author: Ronald L. Rossmiller

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071816550

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 5175

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MANAGE STORMWATER RUNOFF THROUGH SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Stormwater Design for Sustainable Development presents an integrated approach to controlling stormwater runoff quantity and quality. With a focus on low-impact development, the book describes how to incorporate existing topography and drainage channels, curvilinear street layout, building locations, utilities, and proven best management practices, blending them all into a pleasing whole. The results, as shown by designs and calculations in several appendices, are developments for various land uses that are attractive, safe, affordable, sustainable, and economical to construct and maintain. They allow developers to use 100 percent of the sites for profitable construction, leading to developments that are community assets. This practical guide explains how to determine allowable water depths; develop inflow hydrographs for various components of a development; estimate storage volumes for above, surface, and underground locations; calculate outflow structure hydraulics for numerous types of facilities; and calculate routing curves and hydrograph routing. Real-world examples, calculations, and design plans are contained in this valuable resource. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Low-impact developments Triple bottom line (people, planet, profit) Coving and curvilinear streets Planning Types of best management practices Precipitation Drainage area estimation Time of concentration estimation Design steps Allowable depths Depth-storage relationships Inflow hydrographs Basic hydraulics Culvert hydraulics Riser structure design Hydrograph routing Several design examples

Water 21

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water quality management

Page: N.A

View: 9363

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Smart Water Utilities

Complexity Made Simple

Author: Pernille Ingildsen,Gustaf Olsson

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780407572

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 6390

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Today, there is increasing pressure on the water infrastructure and although unsustainable water extraction and wastewater handling can continue for a while, at some point water needs to be managed in a way that is sustainable in the long-term. We need to handle water utilities "smarter". New and effective tools and technologies are becoming available at an affordable cost and these technologies are steadily changing water infrastructure options. The quality and robustness of sensors are increasing rapidly and their reliability makes the automatic handling of critical processes viable. Online and real-time control means safer and more effective operation. The combination of better sensors and new water treatment technologies is a strong enabler for decentralised and diversified water treatment. Plants can be run with a minimum of personnel attendance. In the future, thousands of sensors in the water utility cycle will handle all the complexity in an effective way. Smart Water Utilities: Complexity Made Simple provides a framework for Smart Water Utilities based on a M-A-D (Measurement-Analysis-Decision). This enables the organisation and implementation of "Smart" in a water utility by providing an overview of supporting technologies and methods. The book presents a an introduction to methods and tools, providing a perspective of what can and could be achieved. It provides a toolbox for all water challenges and is essential reading for the Water Utility Manager, Engineer and Director and for Consultants, Designers and Researchers. Authors: Pernille Ingildsen, Chief of Plan and Project at Kalundborg utility, Denmark and Gustaf Olsson, Professor Em. in Industrial Automation, Lund University, Sweden

Design and Construction of Urban Stormwater Management Systems

Author: American Society of Civil Engineers

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780872628557

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 760

View: 3619

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Prepared byØtheØTask Committee of the Urban Water Resources Research Council of ASCE. Copublished by ASCE and the Water Environment Federation. Design and Construction of Urban Stormwater Management Systems presents a comprehensive examination of the issues involved in engineering urban stormwater systems. This Manual?which updates relevant portions of Design and Construction of Sanitary and Storm Sewers, MOP 37?reflects the many changes taking place in the field, such as the use of microcomputers and the need to control the quality of runoff as well as the quantity. Chapters are prepared by authors with experience and expertise in the particular subject area. The Manual aids the practicing engineer by presenting a brief summary of currently accepted procedures relating to the following areas: financial services; regulations;Ø surveys and investigations;Ø design concepts and master planning;Ø hydrology and water quality;Ø storm drainage hydraulics; andØ computer modeling.

Environmental and Human Health

Risk Management in Developing Countries

Author: Eddie N. Laboy-Nieves,Mattheus F.A. Goosen,Evens Emmanuel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203835956

Category: Nature

Page: 290

View: 1919

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Many countries experience lack of harmony among economic development, environmental management and human health. As a consequence, public health, the integrity of ecosystems, and the efforts to reach environmental sustainability, have been adversely affected. The complexity, frequency and magnitude of those impacts is increasingly parallel to the technological revolution, rising population, and increasing per capita consumption. The burden of the concerns about how humans inflict natural and man-made enclaves tends to rely in highly industrial societies. However, many of the world environmental alterations are been achieved by non-industrial societies. This book examines and discusses multidisciplinary aspects of the impacts that humans had on the physical environment, the biota, and human health, focusing on the scenario of developing and under developing countries. Among the areas covered are environmental degradation, pollution, occupational health, risk management, epidemiology and toxicology. This book will help scientists, resource managers, administrators, educators, policy makers and college students interpret that risk management and the advancement of research in sustainable development is of utmost importance for all parties involved in seeking solutions for the protection of natural and anthropogenic systems, and human health.

Principles of Stormwater Management

Author: Roger D. Griffin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351113739

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 5087

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This book presents of all aspects of storm water management: the hydrologic cycle, sources of contaminants, standards applicable to discharges, regulatory issues, atmospheric deposition, best management practices, and health/environmental impacts. It includes technical details of the modern treatment of stormwater, the emerging issues of atmospheric deposition, run-on, and snow melt, the Epidemiologic Model, and field data on discharge concentrations of a variety of contaminants. The principles explained in this book will enable students, contractors, developers, and engineers to grasp the most important field elements which must be included for construction projects impacting stormwater.

DayWater

An Adaptive Decision Support System for Urban Stormwater Management

Author: Daniel R. Thevenot

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843391600

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 9865

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The European DayWater project has developed a prototype of an Adaptive Decision Support System (ADSS) related to urban stormwater pollution source control. The DayWater ADSS greatly facilitates decision-making for stormwater source control, which is currently impeded by the large number of stakeholders involved and by the necessary multidisciplinary knowledge. This book presents the results of this project, providing new insights into both technical and management issues. The main objectives of its technical chapters are pollution source control modelling, risk and impact assessment, and evaluation and comparison of best management practices. It also covers management aspects, such as the analysis of the decision-making processes in stormwater source control, at a European scale, and stormwater management strategies in general. The combination of scientific-technical and socio-managerial knowledge, with the strong cooperation of numerous end-users, reflects the innovative character of this book which includes actual applications of the ADSS prototype in significant case studies. DayWater: an Adaptive Decision Support System for Urban Stormwater Management contains 26 chapters collectively prepared by DayWater scientific partners and end-users associated with this European Research and Development project. It includes: A general presentation of the DayWater Adaptive Decision Support System (ADSS) structure and operation modes A detailed description of the major components of this ADSS prototype The assessment of its components in significant case studies in France, Germany and Sweden The proceedings of the International Conference on Decision Support Systems for Integrated Urban Water Management, held in Paris on 3-4 November 2005. The book presents the ADSS prototype including a combination of freely accessible on-line databases, guidance documents, “road maps” and modelling or multi-criteria analysis tools. As demonstrated in several significant case studies the challenge for stormwater managers is to make the benefits of urban stormwater management visible to society, resulting in active co-operation of a diversity of stakeholders. Only then, will sustainable management succeed. DayWater: an Adaptive Decision Support System for Urban Stormwater Management advances this cause of sustainable urban management through Urban stormwater management, and makes achievable (by means of risk and vulnerability tools which are included) the goal of integrated urban water management (IUWM).

Sustainable Stormwater Management

A Landscape-Driven Approach to Planning and Design

Author: Tom Liptan

Publisher: Timber Press

ISBN: 1604694866

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 4143

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Sustainable Stormwater Management is a comprehensive guide to planning, designing, and installing stormwater management systems. It is an essential addition to the libraries of landscape architects, engineers, and urban planners.

Stormwater Management for Land Development

Methods and Calculations for Quantity Control

Author: Thomas A. Seybert

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471721772

Category: Architecture

Page: 392

View: 4875

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Introductory guide to hydraulics, hydrology, and stormwater management design Stormwater Management for Land Development is a unique, much-needed book on developing stormwater management plans that only requires readers to understand algebra, trigonometry, and geometry. Beginning with the fundamentals, it walks readers through the ABCs of fluid mechanics and hydrology and presents practical methods and designs to control stormwater. Useful to the growing group of professional surveyors and engineers who may not have taken fluid mechanics or hydrology courses, Stormwater Management for Land Development features: * Sections on elementary fluid mechanics including statics, dynamics, and open channel flow * Sections on practical hydrology including design rainfall, travel time, and runoff methods * Material on NRCS/SCS unit hydrograph and TR-55 tabular hydrograph procedures, with reference to the latest WinTR-55 variant * Design methods for stormwater conveyance, including storm sewer, culvert, and open channel designs * A detailed procedure for sizing and designing a multiple stage outlet structure for multiple event detention requirements * More than seventy-five example problems illustrating fluid flow and hydrology calculation methods * Review problems at the end of most chapters With more than 150 helpful illustrations, Stormwater Management for Land Development is the most comprehensive, basic guide to hydraulics, hydrology, and stormwater management design methods for quantity control.

Stormwater Management for Smart Growth

Author: Allen P. Davis,Richard H. McCuen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387260488

Category: Nature

Page: 368

View: 9845

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Land development to support population increases and shifts requires changes to the hydrologic cycle. Increased impervious area results in greater volumes of runoff, higher flow velocities, and increased pollutant fluxes to local waterways. As we learn more about the negative impacts of these outcomes, it becomes more important to develop and manage land in a smart manner that reduces these impacts. This text provides the reader with background information on hydrology and water quality issues that are necessary to understand many of the environmental problems associated with land development and growth. The variability of runoff" flows and pollutant concentrations, however, makes the performance of simple technologies erratic and predicting and modeling their performance difficult. Chapters on statistics and modeling are included to provide the proper background and tools. The latter chapters of the text cover many of the different technologies that can be employed to address runoff flows and improve water quality. These chapters take a design approach with specific examples provided for many of the management practices. A number of methods are currently available for addressing the problems associated with stormwater runoff quality from urban areas; more continue to be developed as research is advanced and interest in this subject continues to surge. Traditionally, techniques for the improvement of runoff quality were borrowed applications from water and wastewater treatment, such as large sedimentation ponds Recently, increased interest has been placed on using natural systems to improve water quality.

Sustainable Surface Water Management

A Handbook for SUDS

Author: Susanne M. Charlesworth,Colin A. Booth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118897684

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 8639

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Sustainable Surface Water Management: a handbook for SUDS addresses issues as diverse as flooding, water quality, amenity and biodiversity but also mitigation of, and adaptation to, global climate change, human health benefits and reduction in energy use. Chapters are included to cover issues from around the world, but they also address particular designs associated with the implementation of SUDS in tropical areas, problems with retrofitting SUDS devices, SUDS modelling, water harvesting in drought-stricken countries using SUDS and the inclusion of SUDS in the climate change strategies of such cities as Tokyo, New York and Strasbourg.