Urban Water Engineering and Management

Author: Mohammad Karamouz,Ali Moridi,Sara Nazif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439882517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 628

View: 1263

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In past decades, urban water management practices focused on optimizing the design and operation of water distribution networks, wastewater collection systems, and water and wastewater treatment plants. However, municipalities are now faced with aging urban water infrastructures whose operation must be improved and expanded to maintain current high standards of living as well as new challenges such as climate change, systems sustainability and water quality issues. Integrating the latest developments in urban water hydrology and management, Urban Water Engineering and Management takes a system approach to urban water hydrology, engineering, planning and management, supplying examples and case studies and highlighting pressing issues such as urban water governance, disaster management, and climate change impacts on urban areas. The book draws attention to climate change as a main concern of this century by focusing on its impact the components of water cycle. The book covers modeling of urban water cycle components, urban water supply, and distribution systems demand forecasting. It also presents classical issues, such as design of water distribution networks and wastewater and storm collection in urban settings, from a system's perspective. The text also includes a discussion of water governance and disaster management in urban areas and the urbanization effects on the environment and the needed water infrastructure development in urban areas. Against this background, the authors discuss the importance of understanding the principles of simulation, optimization, multiple-criterion decision making, and conflict resolution for successful, integrated urban water management. They explore integrated water management and planning solutions for incorporating structural and nonstructural means to achieve the best operational schemes at affordable costs, going beyond using the existing structures and physical limitations on water availability to include technical, social, political, and economic aspects of better water and wastewater management in urban areas. Written and designed especially for intermediate and advanced courses/modules in water resources in civil and environmental engineering, and in urban planning, the book can be used as a textbook for civil engineering, urban and regional planning, geography, environmental science, and in courses dealing with urban water cycle. It also introduces new horizons for engineers as well as policy and decision makers who plan for future urban water and regional sustainability. Engineers and planners, especially those who work on design, planning, and management of urban systems and/or community development, can use this book in practice because it deals with a broad range of real world urban water problems.

Urban Water Sustainability

Constructing Infrastructure for Cities and Nature

Author: Sarah Bell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317398289

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 186

View: 7923

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The provision of a safe and reliable water supply is a major challenge for the world's growing urban populations. This book investigates the implications of different developments in water technology and infrastructure for urban sustainability and the relationship between cities and nature. The book begins by outlining five frameworks for analysing water technologies and systems - sustainable development, ecological modernisation, socio-technical systems, political ecology and radical ecology. It then analyses in detail what the sustainability implications are of different technical developments in water systems, specifically: demand management, sanitation, urban drainage, water reuse and desalination. The main purpose of the book is to draw out the social, political and ethical implications of technical changes that are occurring in urban water systems around the world, with positive and negative impacts on sustainability. Distinguished from existing social science analysis due to its attention to the engineering details of the technology, this book will be of use to a wide audience, including students on water management courses, engineering students and researchers, urban geographers and planners interested in sustainability, infrastructure and critical ecology.

Urban Water Supply Handbook

Author: Larry W Mays

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071371605

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 8097

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This state-of-the-art resource draws upon the accumulated wisdom of a carefully chosen team of internationally recognized experts selected for their extensive experience in the essential aspects of water supply systems. This industry “who’s who” covers everything from the historical perspectives of urban water supply to planning, safety and security – an especially timely and crucial issue, management, performance indicators, operation, pricing, maintenance, and public-private partnerships. The author includes informative case studies for valuable “real world” perspective.

More Urban Water

Design and Management of Dutch water cities

Author: Fransje Hooimeijer,Wout van der Toorn Vrijthoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482288559

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 4591

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The perceptibly changing climate has resulted in more precipitation in a small number of short periods. As most urban water management systems were developed at a time when precipitation was distributed more evenly throughout the year, they cannot deal properly with the new circumstances, and high groundwater levels and excess water are the result. In practice, many urban dwellers are consequently confronted with flooded cellars and inaccessible urban infrastructure. To solve these phenomena in the future, a major part of the urban water programmes for the next few decades consists of restructuring and transformation of the existing urban areas, in which water management is considered as an integral part of urban renewal activities and in which its capacity is compliant with the urban area scale. With an integral approach, this book treats the relation of urbanism and water management in Dutch water cities. It also treats the financial aspects of the adjustment of existing water systems to meet the changes in the urban hydrological cycle. It presents the typology of typical current and future Dutch water cities, their urban function and the ecological and technical aspects. Separate chapters deal with the transformation of the historical city, the consolidation of the inter-war city and the restructuring of the post-war city to meet future conditions. The final chapter presents a comparison of the Dutch situation with South Korean (Seoul), Japanese (Tokyo) and German (Ruhr area) urban areas.

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management

An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel P. Loucks,Eelco van Beek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 6690

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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Water and Urban Development Paradigms

Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches

Author: Jan Feyen,Kelly Shannon,Matthew Neville

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203884102

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 1809

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Communication across and integration of disciplines in the urban-water sector seems today more imperative than ever before. Water is a strategic and shrinking resource. It is probably the world's most valuable resource and clean water has even been touted as the 'next oil'. Control of water - from access to management - has always been a highly politicised affair. The complexities that surround it are proving to be major challenges as the world continues to urbanise and human habits of mass consumption and pollution deplete natural resources and destroy natural eco-systems. Water issues are increasingly high on the international agenda – particularly in desert, tropical and sub-tropical regions. Water and Urban Development Paradigms includes the papers presented at the International Conference on Water and Urban Development Paradigms: Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches (Leuven, Belgium, 15-19 September 2008), and intends to bridge the gap between the disciplines of water management, ecology and the approaches of engineering, urban design and spatial planning. The volume explores a number of themes, discussing the historical relationship between water systems and human settlements, and related management problems regarding urban floods, water use and water sanitation. The aim of Water and Urban Development Paradigms is to contribute to the better integration of approaches currently considered in the separate disciplines of water management, water engineering, urban planning and design, and aquatic ecology - and lead to the emergence of new, more effective water and urban development paradigms. The book will be of special interest to scientists and professionals in the fields of architecture, urban planning, water resources engineering, water supply and sanitation, flood protection, among related fields; to public and non-governmental organizations active in urban planning and the water sector, and to university teachers and students in architecture, urbanism and planning, water and sanitation engineering.

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Environmental Impacts and Analysis of Drought and Water Scarcity

Author: Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351851160

Category: Science

Page: 689

View: 8572

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This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.

Hydrology and Hydroclimatology

Principles and Applications

Author: M. Karamouz,S. Nazif,M. Falahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466512202

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 5627

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This book presents a systematic approach to understanding and applying the principles of hydrology and hydroclimatology, examining the interactions among different components of the water cycle. It takes a fresh look at the fundamentals and challenges in hydrologic and hydroclimatic systems as well as climate change. The author describes the application of nontraditional data sets and new investigation techniques to water-related problems. He also examines long lead forecasting and simulation, time series analysis, and risk and uncertainty in hydrologic design.

Urban Water Reuse Handbook

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482229153

Category: Nature

Page: 1141

View: 1627

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Examining the current literature, research, and relevant case studies, presented by a team of international experts, the Urban Water Reuse Handbook discusses the pros and cons of water reuse and explores new and alternative methods for obtaining a sustainable water supply. The book defines water reuse guidelines, describes the historical and current development of water reuse, and includes previously implemented methodologies and practices relevant to urban wastewater treatment. It considers the sustainability of water resources and supply systems in both urban and rural areas. The book discusses the advantages of water reuse (reduced water consumption, cost-savings, a secure groundwater replenishment source, and a long-term water supply) and outlines the disadvantages (a build-up of chemical pollutants in the soil, the probable contamination of groundwater attributed to reclaimed water, and possible human health risks related to the presence of viruses and bacteria). It also proposes ethical and cultural considerations, discusses the economic and environmental performance of water systems relevant to water reuse, and outlines associated methods and strategies that can address problems of water scarcity. In addition, this handbook addresses: Constructed wetlands in surrounding urban areas Water reuse in specific regions, coastal areas, cold regions, arid zones Application of wastewater for hydroelectric power generation Traditional systems of water reuse Combining harvesting systems and water reuse structures Warning systems for wastewater access control Public participation and implementation issues Groundwater recharge by unconventional water Urban water reuse policy A resourceful guide dedicated to the reuse of urban wastewater, the Urban Water Reuse Handbook focuses on wastewater treatment, recycling, and reuse for the conservation of water resources. This book serves as a reference for water resource engineers, urban hydrologists, and planning professionals; for water/wastewater engineers, students, policy makers, and researchers.

Urban Water Supply Management Tools

Author: Larry W. Mays

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 9788

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This guide provides coverage of the new tools available to predict and manage urban water supply demand. It provides methods for analyzing urban water demand, and techniques and software packages for optimally integrating planning and management activities.

Managing Urban Water Supply

Author: D.E. Agthe,R.B. Billings,N. Buras

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401702373

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 6402

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We, the editors, have long believed that a strong knowledge of relatively simple economic and engineering concepts is valuable in solving water management problems. The lack of such knowledge has been apparent to us in some of the journal articles, research proposals and books we have reviewed. The articles which have been written concerning specific local water economies and management issues are scattered over a wide variety of journals, making them hard to access. Most of the extensive water resources literature is concerned with large regional water projects or with narrow technical and regional issues. This book was written to make practical economic and engineering concepts readily available to urban water supply managers, thereby filling a gap in the available literature. It is concerned with decisions made daily, monthly, or annually by managers of urban water supply systems. The book includes basic chapters presenting supply and cost concepts, calculation of demand elasticities, use of marketing concepts, public goods analysis, water markets, industrial water demand and the use of price in water conservation. The authors have included multiple examples of how these concepts can aid in managing urban water supply. The water provider is generally a governmental entity or regulated private utility. Most books on public utilities and their management emphasize gas, electricity, or telephone rather than water. Water is different because of m~or variations in quality by source and the necessity for proper disposal of waste water.

Water Engineering and Management through Time

Learning from History

Author: Enrique Cabrera

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203836731

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 8653

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Water Engineering and Management - Learning from History explores the pair technology / water use (an indivisible pair, since the first member of the binomial determines the second) which, in the light of the knowledge available in the 21st century and with a conception focused on the near future, goes beyond the limits set by nature itself. The history of water reviewed in the context of this Seminar will help understand the importance water has had in every possible context and civilization in the past, an understanding that will undoubtedly lead to appreciate the true value of the most highly prized among natural resources. For the ultimate goal of the Seminar and the resulting book is "to learn from history", approaching the problem from a pragmatic point of view, far from the political and social interests which, unfortunately, are usually linked to water. This work will be of particular interest to water managers, politicians, decision makers, and scientists and professionals working in the area of water sciences.

Integrated Urban Water Management: Arid and Semi-Arid Regions

UNESCO-IHP

Author: Larry Mays

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203895444

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 2210

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The Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) is an emerging approach to managing the entire urban water cycle in an integrated way, which is key to achieving the sustainability of urban water resources and services. The IUWM incorporates: the systematic consideration of the various dimensions of water, including surface and groundwater resources, quality and quantity issues; the implication that while water is a system it is also a component which interacts with other systems; and the interrelationships between water and social and economic development. Integrated Urban Water Management: Arid and Semi-Arid Regions – the outcome of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme project on the topic – examines the integrated management of water resources in urban settings, focusing on issues specific to arid and semi-arid regions and on what make them different from other regions. The urban water management system is considered herein as two integrated major entities; water supply management and water excess management. The first six chapters provide an overview of the various aspects of IUWM in arid and semi-arid regions, with emphasis on water supply technologies, such as artificial recharge, water transfers, desalination, and harvesting of rainfall. Water excess management is examined in the context of both the stormwater management system and the floodplain management system. Case studies from developed and developing countries are presented in order to emphasize the various needs and challenges of water management in urban environments in arid and semi-arid regions around the world.

Rethinking Sustainable Development

Urban Management, Engineering, and Design

Author: Tan Yigitcanlar

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 161692022X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 379

View: 1134

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"This book investigates the role of urban, regional and infrastructure planning in achieving sustainable urban and infrastructure development, providing insights into overcoming the consequences of unsustainable development"--Provided by publisher.

Urban Water Demand Management and Planning

Author: Duane D. Baumann,John Boland,W. Michael Hanemann

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070503014

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 676

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Aims to demonstrate why demand-side management is critical to urban water supply planning and to provide methods for incorporation. This book explains how and why urban water demands have changed over time and includes methods for the analysis of urban water demands. It also offers methods for integrating supply side and demand-side planning and management.

Urban Surface Water Management

Author: S. G. Walesh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471837190

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 8487

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The complete guide to managing the quantity and quality of urban storm water runoff. Focuses on the planning and design of facilities and systems to control flooding, erosion, and non-point source pollution. Explains the practical application of the state-of-the-art in concepts and methods, based on the author's nearly 20 years' urban water resources engineering experience in the public and private sectors--and the state-of-the-art of urban surface water management is far ahead of the state-of-the-practice. This book covers all the major methods, and discusses other available, but little-known, concepts, tools, and techniques. Chapters cover the emergency and convenience system concept, master planning, computer modeling, multi-purpose flood control/water-quality enhancement/recreation facilities, and more.

Urban Water Security

Author: Robert C. Brears

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119131731

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 5774

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In the 21st Century, the world will see an unprecedented migration of people moving from rural to urban areas. With global demand for water projected to outstrip supply in the coming decades, cities will likely face water insecurity as a result of climate change and the various impacts of urbanisation. Traditionally, urban water managers have relied on large-scale, supply-side infrastructural projects to meet increased demands for water; however, these projects are environmentally, economically and politically costly. Urban Water Security argues that cities need to transition from supply-side to demand-side management to achieve urban water security. This book provides readers with a series of in-depth case studies of leading developed cities, of differing climates, incomes and lifestyles from around the world, that have used demand management tools to modify the attitudes and behaviour of water users in an attempt to achieve urban water security. Urban Water Security will be of particular interest to town and regional planners, water conservation managers and policymakers, international companies and organisations with large water footprints, environmental and water NGOs, researchers, graduate and undergraduate students. Robert C. Brears is the founder of Mitidaption, Mark and Focus, is Director on the International Board of the Indo Global Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture, and a Visiting Fellow (non-resident) at the Center for Conflict Studies at MIIS, Monterey, USA.

Urban Water Management

Science Technology and Service Delivery

Author: Roumen Arsov,Jiri Marsalek,W. Ed Watt,Evzen Zeman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401000573

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 404

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Urban population growth dramatically alters material and energy fluxes in the affected areas, with concomitant changes in landscape, altered fluxes of water, sediment, chemicals and pathogens and increased releases of waste heat. These changes then impact on urban ecosystems, including water resources and result in their degradation. Such circumstances make the provision of water services to urban populations even more challenging. Changing weather patterns, rising temperature and large variations in precipitation contr- ute to increased damages, caused by weather related disasters, including floods. Ones of the major contributors to increasing flood peaks are land use changes and particularl- urban development. Consequently, there is a need to look for low environmental impact land development and to manage runoff in urban areas by storm water management. Much progress in the management of urban waters has been achieved in the most - vanced jurisdictions, but much more remains to be done. In this respect the EC Water Framework Directive can provide some guidance. Urban water management issues are particularly important in the countries in transition in Central and Eastern Europe. During the last decade political, economical and social changes in the countries under transition have influenced almost every element of the public sector, including water services. There is an urgent need for exchange of information among various countries on this issue and for identification of best approaches to achieving this transition.

Urban Water Management for Future Cities

Technical and Institutional Aspects from Chinese and German Perspective

Author: Stephan Köster,Reese Moritz,Jiane Zuo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030014872

Category: Science

Page: 189

View: 3566

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This book features expert contributions on key sustainability aspects of urban water management in Chinese agglomerations. Both technical and institutional pathways to sustainable urban water management are developed on the basis of a broad, interdisciplinary problem analysis.