Urban Water Infrastructure

Author: K.E. Schilling,Eric Porter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400905599

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 9577

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URBAN WATER INFRASTRUCTURE NATO ADVANCED RESEARCH WORKSHOP SUMMARY 22-27 JUNE 1989 KYLE E SCHILLING P E Workshop Director The Workshop was based on the recognition that all NATO countries are concerned with similar water infrastructure issues. Present problems are aggravated by aging and neglected facilities, by inadequate financing and by water management institutions reflecting the needs of an earlier era. Service needs to be provided for expanding populations, at the same time that corrective measures must be taken for decaying older urban centers, resulting both from neglect and expiring service life. These needs exist within the framewode of other competing and conflicting uses for existing and yet to be developed water sources. The problems have generated some highly visible national debates over financing due to the large sums involved. Despite differences in the age of the North American, European and other societies, the technological ages of water supply and storm water systems are much the same and provide a common denominator in the worldwide trend to urbanization. Examination of approaches to urban water management also indicates that they are generally based on past experience and institutions created in a non-urban era. The physical, financial and institutional alternatives are consequently often out-of-step with current urban environment. Historically, the supply of adequate water and efficient storm water management have also been top priority items with water quality and other aspects of environmental protection assuming a lower priority after basic supply needs have been met.

Urban Water Sustainability

Constructing Infrastructure for Cities and Nature

Author: Sarah Bell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317398289

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 186

View: 8583

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The provision of a safe and reliable water supply is a major challenge for the world's growing urban populations. This book investigates the implications of different developments in water technology and infrastructure for urban sustainability and the relationship between cities and nature. The book begins by outlining five frameworks for analysing water technologies and systems - sustainable development, ecological modernisation, socio-technical systems, political ecology and radical ecology. It then analyses in detail what the sustainability implications are of different technical developments in water systems, specifically: demand management, sanitation, urban drainage, water reuse and desalination. The main purpose of the book is to draw out the social, political and ethical implications of technical changes that are occurring in urban water systems around the world, with positive and negative impacts on sustainability. Distinguished from existing social science analysis due to its attention to the engineering details of the technology, this book will be of use to a wide audience, including students on water management courses, engineering students and researchers, urban geographers and planners interested in sustainability, infrastructure and critical ecology.

Innovations in

Urban Water Infrastructure

Author: S. Bry Sarte,Morana M. Stipisic

Publisher: Columbia University Office of Publications

ISBN: 9781941332269

Category: Architecture

Page: 174

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Innovations in Water Infrastructure, tackles the issue of water and sanitation as one of the most pressing and urgent issues of our time in a global context. S. Bry Sarte and Morana M. Stipisic highlight the ways in which resilient design for water infrastructure can be reframed as critical connective tissue and as a living system that provides a variety of benefits such as decreasing urban heat island effects, releasing pressure on aging infrastructure, absorbing water for flood protection, filtering water and reuse, and providing ecological habitat and ecosystem services.

Urban Water Supply Handbook

Author: Larry W Mays

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071371605

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 1437

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This state-of-the-art resource draws upon the accumulated wisdom of a carefully chosen team of internationally recognized experts selected for their extensive experience in the essential aspects of water supply systems. This industry “who’s who” covers everything from the historical perspectives of urban water supply to planning, safety and security – an especially timely and crucial issue, management, performance indicators, operation, pricing, maintenance, and public-private partnerships. The author includes informative case studies for valuable “real world” perspective.

Blue and Green Cities

The Role of Blue-Green Infrastructure in Managing Urban Water Resources

Author: Robert C. Brears

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137592583

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 4382

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This book offers new research on urban policy innovations that promote the application of blue-green infrastructure in managing water resources sustainably. The author argues that urban water managers have traditionally relied on grey infrastructural solutions to mitigate risks with numerous economic and environmental consequences. Brears explores the role urban water managers have in implementing blue-green infrastructure to reduce ecological damage and mitigate risk. The case studies in this book illustrate how cities, of differing climates, lifestyles and income-levels, have implemented policy innovations that promote the application of blue-green infrastructure in managing water, wastewater and stormwater sustainably to reduce environmental degradation and enhance resilience to climate change. This new research on urban policy innovations that promote the application of blue-green infrastructure in managing water resources sustainably will be of interest to those working on water conservation and policy.

Increasing Climate Change Resilience of Urban Water Infrastructure

Based on a Case Study from Wuhan City, People’s Republic of China

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292541196

Category: Science

Page: 72

View: 4488

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This publication bridges the gap between the theoretical analyses of climate change impact on the urban water sector and the planning decisions that municipal authorities and utility managers need to make to increase the sector's climate change resilience. It answers questions that city planners and managers globally currently ask regarding the effects of climate change, particularly on services and utilities, and what we can do to prepare for these. This guide presents steps to determine both Wuhan’s vulnerability to the impact of climate change and the opportunities to improve its resilience. The methodology used combines known approaches and were worked out in consultation with Wuhan authorities. The solutions are presented in an easy-to-follow program of investment decisions, developed through a "bottom-up" approach involving Wuhan stakeholders.

Urban Water Engineering and Management

Author: Mohammad Karamouz,Ali Moridi,Sara Nazif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439882517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 628

View: 939

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In past decades, urban water management practices focused on optimizing the design and operation of water distribution networks, wastewater collection systems, and water and wastewater treatment plants. However, municipalities are now faced with aging urban water infrastructures whose operation must be improved and expanded to maintain current high standards of living as well as new challenges such as climate change, systems sustainability and water quality issues. Integrating the latest developments in urban water hydrology and management, Urban Water Engineering and Management takes a system approach to urban water hydrology, engineering, planning and management, supplying examples and case studies and highlighting pressing issues such as urban water governance, disaster management, and climate change impacts on urban areas. The book draws attention to climate change as a main concern of this century by focusing on its impact the components of water cycle. The book covers modeling of urban water cycle components, urban water supply, and distribution systems demand forecasting. It also presents classical issues, such as design of water distribution networks and wastewater and storm collection in urban settings, from a system's perspective. The text also includes a discussion of water governance and disaster management in urban areas and the urbanization effects on the environment and the needed water infrastructure development in urban areas. Against this background, the authors discuss the importance of understanding the principles of simulation, optimization, multiple-criterion decision making, and conflict resolution for successful, integrated urban water management. They explore integrated water management and planning solutions for incorporating structural and nonstructural means to achieve the best operational schemes at affordable costs, going beyond using the existing structures and physical limitations on water availability to include technical, social, political, and economic aspects of better water and wastewater management in urban areas. Written and designed especially for intermediate and advanced courses/modules in water resources in civil and environmental engineering, and in urban planning, the book can be used as a textbook for civil engineering, urban and regional planning, geography, environmental science, and in courses dealing with urban water cycle. It also introduces new horizons for engineers as well as policy and decision makers who plan for future urban water and regional sustainability. Engineers and planners, especially those who work on design, planning, and management of urban systems and/or community development, can use this book in practice because it deals with a broad range of real world urban water problems.

Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater Infrastructure Management, Second Edition

Author: Neil S. Grigg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439881847

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 365

View: 6616

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Urban water services are building blocks for healthy cities, and they require complex and expensive infrastructure systems. Most of the infrastructure is out of sight and tends to be taken for granted, but an infrastructure financing crisis looms in the United States because the systems are aging and falling behind on maintenance. A road map for public works and utility professionals, Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater Infrastructure Management, Second Edition provides clear and practical guidance for life-cycle management of water infrastructure systems. Grounded in solid engineering and business principles, the book explains how to plan, budget, design, construct, and manage the physical infrastructure of urban water systems. It blends knowledge from management fields such as facilities, finance, and maintenance with information about the unique technical attributes of water, wastewater, and stormwater systems. Addresses how to make a business case for infrastructure funding Demonstrates how to apply up-to-date methods for capital improvement planning and budgeting Outlines the latest developments in infrastructure asset management Identifies cutting-edge developments in information technology applied to infrastructure management Presents a realistic view of how risk management is applied to urban water infrastructure settings Explains the latest maintenance and operations methods for water, wastewater, and stormwater systems The author describes current thinking on best management practices and topics such as asset management, vulnerability assessment, and total quality management of infrastructure systems. Expanded and updated throughout, this second edition reflects the considerable advances that have occurred in infrastructure management over the past ten years. Useful as a reference and a professional development guide, this unique book offers tools to help you lower costs and mitigate the rate shocks associated with managing infrastructure for growth, deterioration, and regulatory requirements. What’s New in This Edition The latest infrastructure management and maintenance technologies Information on the inventories of systems and the configuration of infrastructure New design and construction methods such as building information modeling (BIM) New approaches to rate setting, accounting methods, and cost accounting to help you assess the full cost of infrastructure Advances in SCADA systems Expanded coverage of risk management and disaster preparedness Material on the use of GIS in water and sewer management New laws related to infrastructure, including the U.S. EPA’s efforts to develop a distribution system rule

Urban Stormwater Management in the United States

Author: Committee on Reducing Stormwater Discharge Contributions to Water Pollution,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309125391

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 4641

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The rapid conversion of land to urban and suburban areas has profoundly altered how water flows during and following storm events, putting higher volumes of water and more pollutants into the nation's rivers, lakes, and estuaries. These changes have degraded water quality and habitat in virtually every urban stream system. The Clean Water Act regulatory framework for addressing sewage and industrial wastes is not well suited to the more difficult problem of stormwater discharges. This book calls for an entirely new permitting structure that would put authority and accountability for stormwater discharges at the municipal level. A number of additional actions, such as conserving natural areas, reducing hard surface cover (e.g., roads and parking lots), and retrofitting urban areas with features that hold and treat stormwater, are recommended.

Water Infrastructure for Sustainable Communities

China and the World

Author: Xiaodi Hao,Vladimir Novotny,Valerie Nelson

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 184339328X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 577

View: 2656

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"This book has been developed from the Conference on Sustainable Water Infrastructure for Villages and Cities of the Future (SWIF 2009) held in November 2009 in Beijing ..."--P. 4 of cover.

City Water, City Life

Water and the Infrastructure of Ideas in Urbanizing Philadelphia, Boston, and Chicago

Author: Carl Smith

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022602251X

Category: History

Page: 339

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A city is more than a massing of citizens, a layout of buildings and streets, or an arrangement of political, economic, and social institutions. It is also an infrastructure of ideas that are a support for the beliefs, values, and aspirations of the people who created the city. In City Water, City Life, celebrated historian Carl Smith explores this concept through an insightful examination of the development of the first successful waterworks systems in Philadelphia, Boston, and Chicago between the 1790s and the 1860s. By examining the place of water in the nineteenth-century consciousness, Smith illuminates how city dwellers perceived themselves during the great age of American urbanization. But City Water, City Life is more than a history of urbanization. It is also a refreshing meditation on water as a necessity, as a resource for commerce and industry, and as an essential—and central—part of how we define our civilization.

Water 4.0

The Past, Present, and Future of the World's Most Vital Resource

Author: David Sedlak

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019935X

Category: Nature

Page: 349

View: 1962

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Turn on the faucet, and water pours out. Pull out the drain plug, and the dirty water disappears. Most of us give little thought to the hidden systems that bring us water and take it away when we’re done with it. But these underappreciated marvels of engineering face an array of challenges that cannot be solved without a fundamental change to our relationship with water, David Sedlak explains in this enlightening book. To make informed decisions about the future, we need to understand the three revolutions in urban water systems that have occurred over the past 2,500 years and the technologies that will remake the system.div /DIVdivThe author starts by describing Water 1.0, the early Roman aqueducts, fountains, and sewers that made dense urban living feasible. He then details the development of drinking water and sewage treatment systems—the second and third revolutions in urban water. He offers an insider’s look at current systems that rely on reservoirs, underground pipe networks, treatment plants, and storm sewers to provide water that is safe to drink, before addressing how these water systems will have to be reinvented. For everyone who cares about reliable, clean, abundant water, this book is essential reading./DIV

Integrated Urban Water Resources Management

Author: Petr Hlavinek,Tamara Kukharchyk,Jiri Marsalek,Ivana Mahrikova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402046834

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 5611

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Growing populations and rising standards of living exert stress on water supply and the quality of drinking water. This book presents aspects of challenges in the management of urban water resources, urban water supply, urban drainage and water bodies, wastewater treatment, security, and reuse. The book presents expert opinions which indicate that the way to deal with the current urban water management dilemmas is by integrated management and innovative delivery of water services.

Hydraulic City

Water and the Infrastructures of Citizenship in Mumbai

Author: Nikhil Anand

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373599

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 2795

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In Hydraulic City Nikhil Anand explores the politics of Mumbai's water infrastructure to demonstrate how citizenship emerges through the continuous efforts to control, maintain, and manage the city's water. Through extensive ethnographic fieldwork in Mumbai's settlements, Anand found that Mumbai's water flows, not through a static collection of pipes and valves, but through a dynamic infrastructure built on the relations between residents, plumbers, politicians, engineers, and the 3,000 miles of pipe that bind them. In addition to distributing water, the public water network often reinforces social identities and the exclusion of marginalized groups, as only those actively recognized by city agencies receive legitimate water services. This form of recognition—what Anand calls "hydraulic citizenship"—is incremental, intermittent, and reversible. It provides residents an important access point through which they can make demands on the state for other public services such as sanitation and education. Tying the ways Mumbai's poorer residents are seen by the state to their historic, political, and material relations with water pipes, the book highlights the critical role infrastructures play in consolidating civic and social belonging in the city.

Sustainable Infrastructure

The Guide to Green Engineering and Design

Author: S. Bry Sarte

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470912942

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

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As more factors, perspectives, and metrics are incorporated into the planning and building process, the roles of engineers and designers are increasingly being fused together. Sustainable Infrastructure explores this trend with in-depth look at sustainable engineering practices in an urban design as it involves watershed master-planning, green building, optimizing water reuse, reclaiming urban spaces, green streets initiatives, and sustainable master-planning. This complete guide provides guidance on the role creative thinking and collaborative team-building play in meeting solutions needed to affect a sustainable transformation of the built environment.

The Fabric of Space

Water, Modernity, and the Urban Imagination

Author: Matthew Gandy

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028255

Category: Architecture

Page: 368

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Water lies at the intersection of landscape and infrastructure, crossing between visible and invisible domains of urban space, in the tanks and buckets of the global South and the vast subterranean technological networks of the global North. In this book, Matthew Gandy considers the cultural and material significance of water through the experiences of six cities: Paris, Berlin, Lagos, Mumbai, Los Angeles, and London. Tracing the evolving relationships among modernity, nature, and the urban imagination, from different vantage points and through different periods, Gandy uses water as a lens through which to observe both the ambiguities and the limits of nature as conventionally understood. Gandy begins with the Parisian sewers of the nineteenth century, captured in the photographs of Nadar, and the reconstruction of subterranean Paris. He moves on to Weimar-era Berlin and its protection of public access to lakes for swimming, the culmination of efforts to reconnect the city with nature. He considers the threat of malaria in Lagos, where changing geopolitical circumstances led to large-scale swamp drainage in the 1940s. He shows how the dysfunctional water infrastructure of Mumbai offers a vivid expression of persistent social inequality in a postcolonial city. He explores the incongruous concrete landscapes of the Los Angeles River. Finally, Gandy uses the fictional scenario of a partially submerged London as the starting point for an investigation of the actual hydrological threats facing that city.

Public Private Partnerships for Urban Water Utilities

A Review of Experiences in Developing Countries

Author: Philippe Marin

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821379578

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 1390

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'Public-Private Partnerships for Urban Water Utilities: A Review of Experiences in Developing Countries' analyzes the market growth of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the developing world since 1990, and the performance of more than 65 large water PPP projects representing more than 100 million people for access, service quality, operational efficiency, and tariff levels. Although a relatively small portion of the water utilities in the developing world are operated under PPPs (about 7 percent in 2007), the urban population served by private water operators has grown every year since 1990. Despite many difficulties encountered by PPP projects and a few contract terminations, a large majority of contracts awarded since 1990 are still in place. The track record for improving service and efficiency reaffirms the value of PPPs to help turn around poorly performing water utilities, even though the level of private financing did not match initial expectations. Over time, a more realistic market has developed, the number of private investors from developing countries has grown, and contract designs have become more pragmatic concerning risk allocations between partners. The water sector has many features that set it apart from other infrastructure sectors. This book suggests the need for careful consideration of those specificities to successfully involve private operators. Although concessions with private financing have worked in a few places, contractual arrangements that combine private operation with public financing appear to be the most sustainable option in many countries. Policy makers, stakeholders, and donors need to remain heavily engaged in the water sector, especially in the poorest countries and during a global financial crisis. This book contributes to a better understanding of the various options to tackle the many challenges of providing water and sanitation services to urban populations in the developing world.

The Water Environment of Cities

Author: Lawrence A. Baker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387848914

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 375

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The concept for the Water Environment of Cities arose from a workshop “Green 1 Cities, Blue Waters” workshop held in 2006. The workshop assembled experts from engineering, planning, economics, law, hydrology, aquatic ecology, geom- phology, and other disciplines to present research ?ndings and identify key new ideas on the urban water environment. At a lunch discussion near the end of the workshop, several of us came to the recognition that despite having considerable expertise in a narrow discipline, none of us had a vision of the “urban water en- ronment” as a whole. We were, as in the parable, blind men at opposite ends of the elephant, knowinga great deal about the parts, but notunderstandingthe whole. We quickly recognized the need to develop a book that would integrate this knowledge to create this vision. The goal was to develop a book that could be used to teach a complete, multidisciplinary course, “The Urban Water Environment”, but could also be used as a supplemental text for courses on urban ecosystems, urban design, landscapearchitecture,water policy,waterqualitymanagement andwatershed m- agement. The book is also valuable as a reference source for water professionals stepping outside their arena of disciplinary expertise. The Water Environment of Cities is the ?rst book to use a holistic, interdis- plinary approach to examine the urban water environment. We have attempted to portrayaholisticvisionbuiltaround theconcept of water as a coreelement ofcities. Water has multipleroles:municipalwatersupply,aquatichabitat,landscapeaesth- ics, and recreation. Increasingly, urban water is reused, serving multiple purposes.