Uses of Criminal Statistics

Author: Kenneth Pease

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781855214088

Category: Law

Page: 417

View: 1964

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This volume comprises of a selection of imaginative and important research based upon published or readily available statistical sources. These include some long neglected classics, ripe for reconsideration and replication. It also contains examples of statistical and graphical abuses – for example a press release from British Telecom on the alleged success of its call-tracing programme. The book makes clear the scope for creative and policy-relevant research using much despised statistics.

Marijuana

costs of abuse, costs of control

Author: Mark Kleiman

Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 3041

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A timely, tightly reasoned, thought-provoking examination of ways to select policies for the enforcement of federal marijuana drug laws. Choice Mark Kleiman has written a thorough . . . analysis of federal law enforcement policy options regarding marijuana. The genesis of this work began when he worked as a policy analyst with the U.S. Department of Justice. . . . Kleiman presents a number of major arguments against increased federal enforcement of laws prohibiting marijuana, including that it would: (1) increase the use of other drugs such as PCP and alcohol, (2) increase drug dealing and theft among adolescent users, and (3) increase the involvement of organized crime in the illicit distribution and sale of marijuana due to the attraction of greater profits. Regarding this last item, he argues that as enforcement efforts increase it gives people with a propensity for using violence and corruption a competitive advantage in the marijuana trade. Because Kleiman argues for a severe curtailment of federal law enforcement efforts against marijuana, it will stimulate the debate about the role of federal law with regard to marijuana. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice How, and how vigorously, should U.S. federal law enforcement agencies enforce the laws against dealing in marijuana? This book assesses alternative ways of enforcing marijuana laws at the federal level. Marijuana grew out of work begun by Kleiman in 1981-1982 when, as a drug policy analyst for the Department of Justice, he was trying to calculate how an increase in enforcement resources would serve the twin goals of reducing drug abuse and limiting the power and wealth of large criminal organizations. This volume reproduces that analysis, using newer data, and compares results up to 1985-1986 with expectations. It is intended not to second-guess what was done, but to suggest how such choices ought to be made in the future. Kleiman divides his analysis into three parts. First, he identifies what is at stake in marijuana consumption and dealing, estimates the size of the problem, and discusses the criteria to be used in judging a policy recommendation. The second part is devoted to developing a theory of drug dealing and its response to varying levels of enforcement pressure. The remainder of the book applies that theory to the real world and discusses the policy options available now. Kleiman's conclusions are pessimistic about the ability of federal enforcement to influence marijuana consumption. His analysis supports both a reduction in federal marijuana enforcement efforts and a redirection towards the most violent dealing groups. As a study of a critical problem in contemporary American society and as a work of policy analysis, Marijuana will be challenging reading for political scientists, economists, policy analysts, and members of those agencies dealing with drug law enforcement. The serious general reader also will find it thought provoking.

Criminal Detection and the Psychology of Crime

Author: David V. Canter,Laurence J. Alison

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781855214545

Category: Law

Page: 539

View: 4049

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Using Daniel as an example to demonstrate investigative psychology, this book examines various areas of criminal detection such as interviewing, detecting deception, evaluating testimony, juvenile offenders and offender typologies.

The Female Offender

Girls, Women, and Crime

Author: Meda Chesney-Lind,Lisa Pasko

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412996694

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 453

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Scholarship in criminology over the last few decades has often left little room for research and theory on how female offenders are perceived and handled in the criminal justice system. In truth, one out of every four juveniles arrested is female and the population of women in prison has tripled in the past decade. Co-authored by Meda Chesney-Lind, one of the pioneers in the development of the feminist theoretical perspective in criminology, the subject matter of The Female Offender: Girls, Women and Crime, Third Edition redresses the balance by providing critical insight into these issues. In an engaging style, authors Meda Chesney-Lind and Lisa Pasko explore gender and cultural factors in women's lives that often precede criminal behavior and address the question of whether female offenders are more violent today than in the past. The authors provide a revealing look at how public discomfort with the idea of women as criminals significantly impacts the treatment received by this offender population.

History of Criminal Justice

Author: Mark Jones,Peter Johnstone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131752246X

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 3400

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Covering criminal justice history on a cross-national basis, this book surveys criminal justice in Western civilization and American life chronologically from ancient times to the present. It is an introduction to the historical problems of crime, law enforcement and penology, set against the background of major historical events and movements. Integrating criminal justice history into the scope of European, British, French and American history, this text provides the opportunity for comparisons of crime and punishment over boundaries of national histories. The text now concludes with a chapter that addresses terrorism and homeland security.

The Handbook of Crime & Punishment

Author: Michael H. Tonry

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195140606

Category: Law

Page: 803

View: 7746

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Crime is one of the most significant political issues in contemporary American society. Crime control statistics and punishment policies are subjects of constant partisan debate, while the media presents sensationalized stories of criminal activity and over-crowded prisons. In the highly politicized arena of crime and justice, empirical data and reasoned analysis are often overlook or ignored. The Handbook of Crime and Punishment, however, provides a comprehensive overview of criminal justice, criminology, and crime control policy, thus enabling a fundamental understanding of crime and punishment essential to an informed public. Expansive in its coverage, the Handbook presents materials on crime and punishment trends as well as timely policy issues. The latest research on the demography of crime (race, gender, drug use) is included and weighty current problems (organized crime, white collar crime, family violence, sex offenders, youth gangs, drug abuse policy) are examined. Processes and institutions that deal with accused and convicted criminals and techniques of punishment are also examined. While some articles emphasize American research findings and developments, others incorporate international research and offer a comparative perspective from other English-speaking countries and Western Europe. Editor Michael Tonry, a leading scholar of criminology, introduces the 28 articles in the volume, each contributed by an expert in the field. Designed for a wide audience, The Handbook is encyclopedic in its range and depth of content, yet is written in an accessible style. The most inclusive and authoritative work on the topic to be found in one volume, this book will appeal to those interested in the study of crime and its causes, effects, trends, and institutions; those interested in the forms and philosophies of punishment; and those interested in crime control.

Criminal Justice and the Mentally Disordered

Author: Jill Peay

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781855219625

Category: Law

Page: 556

View: 1816

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The International library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology is an important publishing initiative that brings together the most significant contemporary published journal essays in current criminology, criminal justice and penology.

Crime Control and Social Justice

The Delicate Balance

Author: Darnell Felix Hawkins,Samuel L. Myers,Randolph N. Stone

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313307904

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 8339

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This collection examines the perennial tension between society's need to protect its citizens from crime, while assuring that the crime control and reduction measures that it enacts do not deny basic rights or exacerbate the socioeconomic inequality that gives rise to disparate rates of offending. Focusing largely on developments in criminal justice policies and practices enacted during the last few decades, the essays in this volume explore the delicate balance between governmental crime control efforts and professed goals of promoting social justice and protecting civil liberties.

Crime and Political Economy

Author: Ian R. Taylor

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 509

View: 7883

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The International library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology is an important publishing initiative that brings together the most significant contemporary published journal essays in current criminology, criminal justice and penology.

American Penology

A History of Control

Author: Thomas G. Blomberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351532502

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 8643

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The purpose of American Penology is to provide a story of punishment's past, present, and likely future. The story begins in the 1600s, in the setting of colonial America, and ends in the present. As the story evolves through various historical and contemporary settings, America's efforts to understand and control crime unfold. The context, ideas, practices, and consequences of various reforms in the ways crime is punished are described and examined. Though the book's broader scope and purpose can be distinguished from prior efforts, it necessarily incorporates many contributions from this rich literature. While this enlarged second edition incorporates select descriptions and contingencies in relation to particular eras and punishment ideas and practices, it does not limit itself to individual "histories" of these eras. Instead, it uses history to frame and help explain particular punishment ideas and practices in relation to the period and context from which they evolved. The authors focus upon selected demographic, economic, political, religious, and intellectual contingencies that are associated with historical and contemporary eras to show how these contingencies shaped America's punishment ideals and practices. In offering a new understanding of received notions of crime control in this edition, Blomberg and Lucken not only provide insights into the future of punishment, but also show how the larger culture of control extends beyond the field of criminology to have an impact on declining levels of democracy, freedom, and privacy.

Criminal Policy Making

Author: Andrew Rutherford

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781855217829

Category: Law

Page: 563

View: 9394

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This volume presents a wide-ranging collection of critical essays which address aspects of criminal policy. A central purpose is to illuminate those processes which determine the shape and direction of criminal policy within liberal and democratic states.

Integrative Criminology

Author: Gregg Barak

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 599

View: 3872

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The essays collected together in this volume explore a development in criminology - the emerging paradigm of integrative study. The integrative wave covers both mainstream and critical criminologies and is part of a larger and emerging paradigm of interdisciplinarity that transcends East/West and North/South relations. This book is essentially devoted to the value and practice of interdisciplinary criminology. The contributions aim to represent the full array of integrative thinking and analysis, and are divided into five parts.

Transnational Crime

Author: Nikos Passas

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781840140002

Category: Social Science

Page: 571

View: 4929

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An examination of aspects of transnational crime. The book explores the threat of transnational crime - particularly organized crime - cross-border criminal enterprises such as illegal immigrant smuggling and the black market arms trade, and the transnational misconduct of legitimate organizations.

Crime, Deviance and the Computer

Author: Richard C. Hollinger

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 573

View: 8617

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Are hackers computer heroes or electronic highwaymen? Can they be sued? Part of a series, this work looks at the crime of computer hacking from a variety of angles. Topics discussed include the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, the attitude of students and lawyers to the crime, deterrents, and the possibilities of cyberspace.

International Handbook of Victimology

Author: Shlomo Giora Shoham,Paul Knepper,Martin Kett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420085488

Category: Law

Page: 732

View: 1608

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In the nearly four decades since the First International Symposium on Victimology convened in Jerusalem in 1973, some concepts and themes have continued to hold a prominent place in the literature, while new ones have also emerged. Exploring enduring topics such as conceptions of victimhood, secondary and hidden victimization, and social services for victims along with more recent issues, the International Handbook of Victimology provides an interdisciplinary study of the topic from a diverse range of professionals on the cutting edge of victimology research. Forty experts from top research facilities and universities around the world provide input on the traditional longstanding issues that surround the field of victimology and explore newer themes such as restorative justice, the use of government-sponsored crime victimization surveys, compensation and restitution schemes, and victims’ rights legislation. The second in a trilogy of volumes, this handbook examines victimology from criminology, sociology, psychology, law, and philosophy perspectives. Topics discussed include: Theoretical and historical frameworks used in the study of victimology Advances in research methods, including GIS technology Patterns of victimization, including drug- sex-, and work-related Responses to victimization by the victim and society Restorative justice issues Victimization as it occurs in various social divisions Describing current research and identifying new ideas and topics of concern, the book collectively presents the “state-of-the-art” of the field today. In doing so, it helps to inform contemporary understanding of an eternal societal plague. Those wishing to continue their studies should consult the International Handbook of Criminology and the International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice, which complete the trilogy.

Crime and the risk society

Author: Pat O'Malley

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 490

View: 7995

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The International library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology is an important publishing initiative that brings together the most significant contemporary published journal essays in current criminology, criminal justice and penology.

International Research Centers Directory

Author: Anthony L. Gerring

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Research institutes

Page: 1360

View: 9425

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"A useful contribution to the reference shelf of international directories". -- Booklist New Edition Provides unparalleled access to more than 8,000 government, university, independent, nonprofit and commercial research and development activities in nearly 125 countries worldwide. Entries include English and foreign name of center, full mail and electronic address, personal contact, organizational affiliates, staff, description of research program, publications, services and more. Master, subject and country indexes are provided.

Issues in Comparative Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne,David Nelken

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781855216013

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 2908

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This teacher's resource book is designed to help young people to understand the key political, social and economic forces which will shape their lives. It aims to develop knowledge and skills to help young people understand the world in which they live, and to participate in it as knowledgeable global citizens.