Veterinary Epidemiology

An Introduction

Author: Dirk Pfeiffer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118699866

Category: Medical

Page: 152

View: 5838

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Are you studying a course in veterinary epidemiology? Do you need a book that explains epidemiology in an understandable way? Dirk Pfeiffer is Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology at the Royal Veterinary College in London, UK. He has designed and taught international training courses in epidemiology all over the developed and developing world, from Australia to Vietnam. He currently provides scientific expertise to the European Food Safety Authority, the European Commission, DEFRA, the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization and various national governments. He has over 20 year’s practical experience in the field and continues to work on some of the most high profile cases of global animal health. Dirk brings his wealth of knowledge to this concise introduction to the subject. This book covers all the core principles you need to know for your epidemiology course, including: The basic epidemiological concepts Understanding and designing epidemiological studies Measuring cause-effect relationships Statistical analysis and bias Sampling methodology Interpreting diagnostic tests The basic concepts of disease control and eradication The book will also be of use to animal health professionals who need an easy-to-understand introduction to the subject

Epidemiology for Field Veterinarians

An Introduction

Author: Evan Sergeant,Nigel Perkins

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845936833

Category: Medical

Page: 319

View: 1853

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Intended as an introduction for veterinarians and other animal health professionals interested in and wishing to apply epidemiological methods in their day-to-day work, this book provides a practical guide for those new to the field. Its applied focus covers the principles of epidemiology in real world situations and practical implementation of disease outbreak investigation, for both emerging and endemic diseases. Techniques and methods are discussed, supported by case studies and practical examples to illustrate their application. The book is clearly written and accessible, providing readers with practical information and encouraging the development of problem-solving skills. It is an essential handbook for veterinary surgeons and students and those involved in animal health, food safety and epidemiology.

Introduction to Veterinary Epidemiology

Author: Hans Houe

Publisher: Samfundslitteratur

ISBN: 9788791319211

Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 8649

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Introduction to Veterinary Epidemiology provides the basics of veterinary epidemiology to the undergraduate and graduate students. The outline of the book follows the necessary steps involved in planning, conducting and analyzing an epidemiological study. These steps include establishing the objective and hypothesis, defining risk factors and outcome, selecting an appropriate study design, determining relevant measures of disease frequency, association and effect, sample size considerations, conducting the study, managing the data in databases and finally analyzing the data. The process takes off in the concepts and theories that form the basis of veterinary epidemiology and includes a solid introduction to data with respect to nature, management and analysis. The examples used to illustrate the different elements of data analysis are given in appendices as SAS code and R code to help getting started on the data analysis. This book is a collaboration between authors with solid backgrounds within veterinary, mathematical, statistical and computer sciences. They have years of experience in teaching at the undergraduate as well as graduate and postgraduate level. Each chapter has been reviewed by leading international veterinary epidemiologists. The programs and data sets can be downloaded from www.itve.dk

Veterinary Epidemiology

Author: Michael Thrusfield

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111828027X

Category: Medical

Page: 888

View: 7302

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A comprehensive introduction to the role of epidemiology in veterinary medicine This fully revised and expanded edition of Veterinary Epidemiology introduces readers to the field of veterinary epidemiology. The new edition also adds new chapters on the design of observational studies, validity in epidemiological studies, systematic reviews, and statistical modelling, to deliver more advanced material. This updated edition begins by offering an historical perspective on the development of veterinary medicine. It then addresses the full scope of epidemiology, with chapters covering causality, disease occurrence, determinants, disease patterns, disease ecology, and much more. Veterinary Epidemiology, Fourth Edition: ● Features updates of all chapters to provide a current resource on the subject of veterinary epidemiology ● Presents new chapters essential to the continued advancement of the field ● Includes examples from companion animal, livestock, and avian medicine, as well as aquatic animal diseases ● Focuses on the principles and concepts of epidemiology, surveillance, and diagnostic-test validation and performance ● Includes access to a companion website providing multiple choice questions Veterinary Epidemiology is an invaluable reference for veterinary general practitioners, government veterinarians, agricultural economists, and members of other disciplines interested in animal disease. It is also essential reading for epidemiology students at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

An Introduction to Genetic Epidemiology

Author: Lyle J. Palmer,George Davey Smith,Paul R. Burton

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861348975

Category: Medical

Page: 230

View: 5703

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Genetic epidemiology is a field that has acquired a central role in modern biomedical science. This book provides an introduction to genetic epidemiology that begins with a primer in human molecular genetics and then examines the standard methods in population genetics and genetic epidemiology

Epidemiology Kept Simple

An Introduction to Traditional and Modern Epidemiology

Author: B. Burt Gerstman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118701267

Category: Medical

Page: 417

View: 7848

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Arranged to facilitate use and highlight key concepts, this clear and concise text also includes many practical exercises, case studies, and real-world applications. Utilizing the modern biostatistical approach to studying disease, Epidemiology Kept Simple, Second Edition will provide readers with the tools to interpret epidemiological data, understand disease concepts, and prepare for board exams. The author fully explains all new terminology and minimizes the use of technical language, while emphasizing real-life practice in modern public health and biomedical research settings.

Animals and Disease

An Introduction to the History of Comparative Medicine

Author: Lise Wilkinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521375733

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 7058

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Man's attempts to learn about aspects of the human body and its functions by observation and study of animals are to be found throughout history, especially at times and in cultures where the human body was considered sacrosanct, even after death. This book describes the origins and later development, especially in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, of comparative medicine and its interrelationship with medicine and veterinary medicine and the efforts of its practitioners to understand and control outbreaks of infectious, epidemic diseases in humans and in domestic animals. In the nineteenth century their efforts and increasing professionalism led to the creation of specialised institutes devoted to the study of comparative medicine. Paradoxically the first such institute, the Brown Institution, opened in London in 1871, despite the fact that the study of this branch of medicine in Britain had always lagged behind that in France and Germany. The book discusses the rise and fall of this centre and describes how it was soon overtaken in importance by the great institutes in Paris and Berlin and then, from the turn of the century, by American institutes, funded by private fortunes. This book sheds much new light on the medical and veterinary history of this period and will provide a new perspective on the history of bacteriology.

Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Author: Dirk Pfeiffer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019850988X

Category: Computers

Page: 142

View: 2965

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Providing a practical, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology, this book examines spatial analytical methods in conjunction with GIS and remotely sensed data to provide insights into the patterns and processes that underlie disease transmission.

Statistical Methods in Genetic Epidemiology

Author: Duncan C. Thomas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199748051

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 1823

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This well-organized and clearly written text has a unique focus on methods of identifying the joint effects of genes and environment on disease patterns. It follows the natural sequence of research, taking readers through the study designs and statistical analysis techniques for determining whether a trait runs in families, testing hypotheses about whether a familial tendency is due to genetic or environmental factors or both, estimating the parameters of a genetic model, localizing and ultimately isolating the responsible genes, and finally characterizing their effects in the population. Examples from the literature on the genetic epidemiology of breast and colorectal cancer, among other diseases, illustrate this process. Although the book is oriented primarily towards graduate students in epidemiology, biostatistics and human genetics, it will also serve as a comprehensive reference work for researchers. Introductory chapters on molecular biology, Mendelian genetics, epidemiology, statistics, and population genetics will help make the book accessible to those coming from one of these fields without a background in the others. It strikes a good balance between epidemiologic study designs and statistical methods of data analysis.

An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling

Author: Emilia Vynnycky,Richard White

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198565763

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 9543

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Mathematical models are increasingly being used to examine questions in infectious disease control. Applications include predicting the impact of vaccination strategies against common infections and determining optimal control strategies against HIV and pandemic influenza. This book introduces individuals interested in infectious diseases to this exciting and expanding area. The mathematical level of the book is kept as simple as possible, which makes the book accessible to those who have not studied mathematics to university level. Understanding is further enhanced by models that can be accessed online, which will allow readers to explore the impact of different factors and control strategies, and further adapt and develop the models themselves. The book is based on successful courses developed by the authors at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It will be of interest to epidemiologists, public health researchers, policy makers, veterinary scientists, medical statisticians and infectious disease researchers.

Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics in Africa

A Manual for Use in the Design and Appraisal of Livestock Health Policy

Author: N.A

Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)

ISBN: 9789290530763

Category: Animal health

Page: 130

View: 3407

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An introduction to the planning and evaluation of disease control policy; Epidemiology: some basic concepts and definitions; The use of descriptive statistics in the presentation of epidemiological data; The epidemiological approach to investigating disease problems; Statistical methods in the analysis of epidemiological data; An introduction to the use of economics in the planning and evaluation of disease control programmes; Estimating the costs of diseases and the benefits of their control; Economics and decision-making in disease control policy; Modelling in veterinary epidemiology and economics.

The Comprehensive Guide to Equine Veterinary Medicine

Author: Barb Crabbe

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781402710537

Category: Medical

Page: 342

View: 2267

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A illustrated medical resource for horse owners features full-color anatomical drawings and covers all aspects of equine health and medicine, including diagnosis, treatment, equine behavior and safety, preventive health care, first aid for emergency situations, conventional and alternative therapeutic options, an overview of veterinary procedures, and more.

Fundamentals of Genetic Epidemiology

Author: Muin J. Khoury,Terri H. Beaty,Bernice H. Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195052889

Category: Medical

Page: 383

View: 1031

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With continued progress in mapping and sequencing of the human genome, and increasing recognition of the role of genes in disease etiology, there is a need for a more sophisticated approach to the investigation of the causes of complex chronic diseases. This text integrates the principles, methods and approaches of epidemiology and genetics in the study of disease etiology. After a brief historical overview of genetics and epidemiology and their gradual rapprochement, the authors define the central theme of genetic epidemiology as the study of the role of genetic factors and their interaction with environmental factors in the occurrence of disease in populations. They describe fundamental research strategies of genetic epidemiology including population and family studies. Among the former are the study of the distribution of genetic traits and the role of nonspecific genetic indicators (such as inbreeding and admixture) in the occurrence of diseases. Among the latter are the analysis of familial aggregation of disease and its causes by epidemiologic methods as well as techniques of formal genetic analysis (variance components, segregation and linkage analysis). Finally, the authors discuss the increasing applications of genetic epidemiology in preventive medicine, public health surveillance, and the emerging ethical issues regarding use of genetic information in society.

A Statistical Approach to Genetic Epidemiology

Concepts and Applications, with an e-Learning Platform

Author: Andreas Ziegler,Inke R. König,Friedrich Pahlke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527633669

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 4116

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This is the second edition of the successful textbook written by the prize-winning scientist Andreas Ziegler, former President of the German Chapter of the International Biometric Society, and Inke K?nig, who has been teaching the subject over many years. The book gives a comprehensive introduction into the relevant statistical methods in genetic epidemiology. The second edition is thoroughly revised, partly rewritten and includes now chapters on segregation analysis, twin studies and estimation of heritability. The book is ideally suited for advanced students in epidemiology, genetics, statistics, bioinformatics and biomathematics. Like in the first edition the book contains many problems and solutions and it comes now optionally with an e-learning course created by Friedrich Pahlke. This e-learning course has been developed to complement the book. Both provide a unique support tool for teaching the subject.

The Changing Face of Disease

Implications for Society

Author: C.G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor,Jean Peters

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203300183

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 7115

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Disease is an ever-present threat faced by all human societies. Today, this concept has become an influential area of study known as the global burden of disease, which encompasses contemporary health concerns such as the economic costs of disease, the societal impact of illness in developing nations, and infectious diseases resulting from lifestyle exposures. Before we can ease this global burden, it is essential to establish an accurate view of the current status of human health and disease around the world. Addressing key areas that reflect our understanding of disease, The Changing Face of Disease: Implications for Society explores the evolution of disease, the implications for human societies, its ecology, and the current human response. This volume aims to broaden our view of disease at the dawn of the 21st century through topics such as epidemiological transition, mathematical modeling of disease evolution, parasitic disease, urban pollution and illness, and under-nutrition and obesity. Contributions to the text reflect the authors' diverse perspectives and studies on human population biology, biological anthropology, and biomedical and public health issues. This authoritative volume traces the evolution of modern disease and explores contemporary health challenges resulting from genetic, environmental, economic, and lifestyle factors. Through many levels of analysis, it provides a clear picture of the present state of health and disease and reminds us of the global burdens that have yet to be remedied.

Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science

Author: Aviva Petrie,Paul Watson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118567404

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 6010

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Banish your fears of statistical analysis using this clearly written and highly successful textbook. Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science Third Edition is an introductory text which assumes no previous knowledge of statistics. It starts with very basic methodology and builds on it to encompass some of the more advanced techniques that are currently used. This book will enable you to handle numerical data and critically appraise the veterinary and animal science literature. Written in a non-mathematical way, the emphasis is on understanding the underlying concepts and correctly interpreting computer output, and not on working through mathematical formulae. Key features: Flow charts are provided to enable you to choose the correct statistical analyses in different situations Numerous real worked examples are included to help you master the procedures Two statistical packages, SPSS and Stata, are used to analyse data to familiarise you with typical computer output The data sets from the examples in the book are available as electronic files to download from the book’s companion website in ASCII, Excel, SPSS, Stata and R Workspace formats, allowing you to practice using your own software and fully get to grips with the techniques A clear indication is provided of the more advanced or obscure topics so that, if desired, you can skip them without loss of continuity. New to this edition: New chapter on reporting guidelines relevant to veterinary medicine as a ready reference for those wanting to follow best practice in planning and writing up research New chapter on critical appraisal of randomized controlled trials and observational studies in the published literature: a template is provided which is used to critically appraise two papers New chapter introducing specialist topics: ethical issues of animal investigations, spatial statistics, veterinary surveillance, and statistics in molecular and quantitative genetics Expanded glossaries of notation and terms Additional exercises and further explanations added throughout to make the book more comprehensive. Carrying out statistical procedures and interpreting the results is an integral part of veterinary and animal science. This is the only book on statistics that is specifically written for veterinary science and animal science students, researchers and practitioners.

Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition

Author: Ronald D. Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849315662

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 7243

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While veterinary medicine has always valued the concepts and methods of epidemiology, they are virtually inseparable in today’s clinical practice. With access to an ever-expanding number of journals, as well as countless Internet sources, more and more veterinarians are practicing evidence-based medicine. This is defined as the process of systematically finding, appraising, and adopting research findings as the primary basis for clinical decisions. “An underlying premise of the book is that patient-based research is epidemiologic research....It logically follows that the users of this information, veterinary students and practitioners, be skilled in its application to patient care.” – from the preface Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition focuses on developing a deeper understanding of epidemiology and exemplifies how an improved capacity for interpreting and critiquing available literature ultimately leads to improved patient care. In preparing this edition, Ronald Smith, a highly respected epidemiologist, practitioner, and educator, has entirely updated his earlier work to reflect those changes that have dramatically altered the practice of veterinary medicine over the last ten years. New to the third edition: · Numerous updated examples of the application of epidemiology in clinical practice · Expanded journal representation to include a larger selection of international research · Increased coverage of hypothesis testing, survey design, sampling and epidemiologic conceptsrelated to the practice of evidence-based medicine · Revised and updated information on diagnostic testing, risk assessment, causality, and the use of statistics Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition provides practitioners and researchers with the knowledge and tools to understand, critically assess, and make use of the medical literature that is vital to the treatment of animal patients.

Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine

Author: Steeve Gigu?re,John F. Prescott,Patricia M. Dowling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111867507X

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 6325

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The Fifth Edition of Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine, the most comprehensive reference available on veterinary antimicrobial drug use, has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the rapid advancements in the field of antimicrobial therapy. Encompassing all aspects of antimicrobial drug use in animals, the book provides detailed coverage of virtually all types of antimicrobials relevant to animal health. Now with a new chapter on antimicrobial therapy in zoo animals, Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine offers a wealth of invaluable information for appropriately prescribing antimicrobial therapies and shaping public policy. Divided into four sections covering general principles of antimicrobial therapy, classes of antimicrobial agents, special considerations, and antimicrobial drug use in multiple animal species, the text is enhanced by tables, diagrams, and photos. Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine is an essential resource for anyone concerned with the appropriate use of antimicrobial drugs, including veterinary practitioners, students, public health veterinarians, and industry and research scientists.

Veterinary Epidemiology

Author: Margaret R. Slater

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780750673112

Category: Medical

Page: 220

View: 1425

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Part of the Practical Veterinarian series, this concise handbook will be useful from the classroom into veterinary practice. A quick-reference guide, the material in this handbook is presented in an outline format ideal for use in solving clinical problems. The easy-to-understand evidence-based coverage includes epidemiologic principles and application, zoonoses, outbreaks, population-level approaches, and more! Pocket-sized for go-anywhere, easy access. Information is at the reader's fingertips in an easy-to-use outline format. Clinically relevant zoonoses are logically presented by species and organ system. Following the clinical reasoning process, topics are organized by the types of decisions and questions that may arise in the clinical setting, helping users find appropriate answers quickly. Succinctly summarizes the use of evidence-based care specific to veterinary medicine, including searches and data studies. Offers easy-to-understand explanations of the mathematical and statistical concepts vital in practice. Includes a number of tables that summarize information at a glance. Serves as a take-along source to epidemiologic definitions and concepts on the national boards.

Introduction to Epidemiology: Distribution and Determinants of Disease

Author: Caroline A. Macera,Richard Shaffer,Peggy M. Shaffer

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111540306

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 7979

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INTRODUCTION to EPIDEMIOLOGY: DISTRIBUTION AND DETERMINANTS OF DISEASE gradually immerses students in the science of public health while learning about cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, infectious diseases, and more. The first half of the book focuses on basic concepts in epidemiology, such as its history and integration into public health, disease occurrence, data sources, accuracy, and study design. Delving into high impact diseases and conditions, the second half guides students through the distribution and determinants of disease, including those of developing countries, which provides a global perspective. This first edition text was written for students with no prior knowledge of epidemiology, and includes useful online references, basic math resources, real-world problems, and an optional supplement package for better, faster comprehension! CourseMate includes an interactive eBook, interactive learning tools, including Quizzes, Flashcards, Videos, and more, as well as Engagement Tracker, which allows instructors to track individual or class progress. (Optional purchase with text -- learn more about CourseMate at www.cengage.com/coursemate). Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.