Data analysis for politics and policy

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 179

View: 3082

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Introduction to data analysis; Predictions and projections: some issues of research design; Two-variable linear regression; Multiple regression.

Decision Making

Its Logic and Practice

Author: Byron M. Roth,John D. Mullen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742512740

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 9756

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This text, written by a philosopher and a social psychologist, emphasizes concrete applications of decision research to problems of everyday living, as well as to business, social, and political issues. The text contains scores of interesting examples and problems for analysis, ranging from personal decisions about medical treatment to Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb. There is no other text with such a wide-ranging coverage, with so practical an orientation, with such clear descriptions of the steps to effective decision making, and with so many end-of-chapter problems for analysis and practice.

Mediation Analysis

Author: Dawn Iacobucci

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141292569X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 85

View: 4530

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Social science data analysts have long considered the mediation of intermediate variables of primary importance in understanding individuals' social, behavioural and other kinds of outcomes. In this book Dawn Iacobucci uses the method known as structural equation modeling (SEM) in modeling mediation in causal analysis. This approach offers the most flexibility and allows the researcher to deal with mediation in the presence of multiple measures, mediated moderation, and moderated mediation, among other variations on the mediation theme. The wide availability of software implementing SEM gives the reader necessary tools for modeling mediation so that a proper understanding of causal relationship is achieved.

Beautiful Evidence

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781930824164

Category:

Page: 214

View: 6178

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How seeing turns into showing, how empirical observations turn into explanation and evidence. How to produce and consume evidence presentations.

The Logic of Causal Order

Author: James A. Davis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803925533

Category: Medical

Page: 72

View: 2623

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This monograph is not statistical. It looks instead at pre-statistical assumptions about dependent variables and causal order. Professor Davis spells out the logical principles that underlie our ideas of causality and explains how to discover causal direction, irrespective of the statistical technique used. He stresses throughout that knowledge of the "real world" is important and repeatedly challenges the myth that causal problems can be solved by statistical calculations alone.

Keeping Up with the Quants

Your Guide to Understanding and Using Analytics

Author: Thomas H. Davenport,Jinho Kim

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 142218725X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 5510

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A renowned thought-leader and a professor of statistics team up to provide the essential tools for enhancing thinking and decision-making in today's workplace in order to be more competitive and successful. 25,000 first printing.

A Quiet Violence

View from a Bangladesh Village

Author: Betsy Hartmann,James K. Boyce

Publisher: Food First Books

ISBN: 9780935028164

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 4113

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Change of State

Information, Policy, and Power

Author: Sandra Braman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026226188X

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 5052

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As the informational state replaces the bureaucratic welfare state, control over information creation, processing, flows, and use has become the most effective form of power. In Change of State Sandra Braman examines the theoretical and practical ramifications of this "change of state." She looks at the ways in which governments are deliberate, explicit, and consistent in their use of information policy to exercise power, exploring not only such familiar topics as intellectual property rights and privacy but also areas in which policy is highly effective but little understood. Such lesser-known issues include hybrid citizenship, the use of "functionally equivalent borders" internally to allow exceptions to U.S. law, research funding, census methods, and network interconnection. Trends in information policy, argues Braman, both manifest and trigger change in the nature of governance itself.After laying the theoretical, conceptual, and historical foundations for understanding the informational state, Braman examines 20 information policy principles found in the U.S Constitution. She then explores the effects of U.S. information policy on the identity, structure, borders, and change processes of the state itself and on the individuals, communities, and organizations that make up the state. Looking across the breadth of the legal system, she presents current law as well as trends in and consequences of several information policy issues in each category affected.Change of State introduces information policy on two levels, coupling discussions of specific contemporary problems with more abstract analysis drawing on social theory and empirical research as well as law. Most important, the book provides a way of understanding how information policy brings about the fundamental social changes that come with the transformation to the informational state.

Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement

Author: Amitava Mitra

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118705440

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 816

View: 858

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A statistical approach to the principles of quality control and management Incorporating modern ideas, methods, and philosophies of quality management, Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement, Fourth Edition presents a quantitative approach to management-oriented techniques and enforces the integration of statistical concepts into quality assurance methods. Utilizing a sound theoretical foundation and illustrating procedural techniques through real-world examples, the timely new edition bridges the gap between statistical quality control and quality management. Promoting a unique approach, the book focuses on the use of experimental design concepts as well as the Taguchi method for creating product/process designs that successfully incorporate customer needs, improve lead time, and reduce costs. The Fourth Edition of Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement also includes: New topical coverage on risk-adjustment, capability indices, model building using regression, and survival analysis Updated examples and exercises that enhance the readers’ understanding of the concepts Discussions on the integration of statistical concepts to decision making in the realm of quality assurance Additional concepts, tools, techniques, and issues in the field of health care and health care quality A unique display and analysis of customer satisfaction data through surveys with strategic implications on decision making, based on the degree of satisfaction and the degree of importance of survey items Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement, Fourth Edition is an ideal book for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in management, technology, and engineering. The book also serves as a valuable reference for practitioners and professionals interested in expanding their knowledge of statistical quality control, quality assurance, product/process design, total quality management, and/or Six Sigma training in quality improvement.

Visual Explanations

Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781930824157

Category: Visual communication

Page: 156

View: 4987

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Display of information for paper and computer screens; principles of information design, design of presentations. Depicting evidence relevant to cause and effect, decision making. Scientific visualization.

Understanding Multivariate Research

A Primer For Beginning Social Scientists

Author: William Berry,Mitchell Sanders

Publisher: Perseus (for Hbg)

ISBN: 0813399718

Category: Political Science

Page: 104

View: 3148

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Gives new social science graduate students sufficient background in quantitative multivariate analysis (e.g., regression analysis) to allow them to read research relying on such analysis prior to formal training in statistical methods.

Why CEOs Fail

The 11 Behaviors That Can Derail Your Climb to the Top - And How to Manage Them

Author: David L. Dotlich,Peter C. Cairo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470330708

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 6248

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If any of the following behaviors sound like you or someone you work with, beware! In Why CEOs Fail, David L. Dotlich and Peter C. Cairo describe the most common characteristics of derailed top executives and how you can avoid them: Arrogance—you think that you're right, and everyone else is wrong. Melodrama—you need to be the center of attention. Volatility—you're subject to mood swings. Excessive Caution—you're afraid to make decisions. Habitual Distrust—you focus on the negatives. Aloofness —you're disengaged and disconnected. Mischievousness—you believe that rules are made to be broken. Eccentricity—you try to be different just for the sake of it. Passive Resistance—what you say is not what you really believe. Perfectionism—you get the little things right and the big things wrong. Eagerness to Please—you try to win the popularity contest.

Research Methods

The Concise Knowledge Base

Author: William M. K. Trochim

Publisher: Atomic Dog Publishing

ISBN: 9781592601455

Category: Reference

Page: 270

View: 2836

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The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers, Second Edition

Author: Jane E. Miller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618580X

Category: Reference

Page: 360

View: 9041

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Earning praise from scientists, journalists, faculty, and students, The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers has helped thousands of writers communicate data clearly and effectively. Its publication offered a much-needed bridge between good quantitative analysis and clear expository writing, using straightforward principles and efficient prose. With this new edition, Jane Miller draws on a decade of additional experience and research, expanding her advice on reaching everyday audiences and further integrating non-print formats. Miller, an experienced teacher of research methods, statistics, and research writing, opens by introducing a set of basic principles for writing about numbers, then presents a toolkit of techniques that can be applied to prose, tables, charts, and presentations. Throughout the book, she emphasizes flexibility, showing writers that different approaches work for different kinds of data and different types of audiences. The second edition adds a chapter on writing about numbers for lay audiences, explaining how to avoid overwhelming readers with jargon and technical issues. Also new is an appendix comparing the contents and formats of speeches, research posters, and papers, to teach writers how to create all three types of communication without starting each from scratch. An expanded companion website includes new multimedia resources such as slide shows and podcasts that illustrate the concepts and techniques, along with an updated study guide of problem sets and suggested course extensions. This continues to be the only book that brings together all the tasks that go into writing about numbers, integrating advice on finding data, calculating statistics, organizing ideas, designing tables and charts, and writing prose all in one volume. Field-tested with students and professionals alike, this holistic book is the go-to guide for everyone who writes or speaks about numbers.

Writing Arguments, Complete Edition

A Rhetoric with Readings

Author: John D. Ramage,John C. Bean,June Johnson

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0133881350

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 672

View: 998

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&> For courses in Argument and Research. The most thorough theoretical foundation available Writing Arguments: A Rhetoric with Readings, 10/e integrates four different approaches to argument: the enthymeme as a logical structure, the classical concepts of logos, pathos, and ethos, the Toulmin system, and stasis theory. Focusing on argument as dialogue in search of solutions instead of a pro-con debate with winners and losers, it is consistently praised for teaching the critical-thinking skills needed for writing arguments. Major assignment chapters each focus on one or two classical stases (e.g. definition, resemblance, causal, evaluation, and policy). Each concept is immediately reinforced with discussion prompts, and each chapter ends with multiple comprehensive writing assignments. This comprehensive version contains a superlative thematic anthology of arguments on contemporary topics and some classics for balance. Also available in a Brief version with rhetoric only ( 0321964276 ) and a Concise version ( 0321964284) which is a redaction of the Brief edition . Also available with MyWritingLab™ This title is also available with MyWritingLab — an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for ISBN-10: 0133910687 / ISBN-13: 9780133910681. That package includes ISBN-10: 0133944131 / ISBN-13: 9780133944136, ISBN-10: 013394414X / ISBN-13: 9780133944143, and ISBN-10: 032190673X / ISBN-13: 9780321906731. MyWritingLab is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor.

Testing Treatments

Better Research for Better Healthcare

Author: Imogen Evans,Hazel Thornton,Iain Chalmers,Paul Glasziou

Publisher: Pinter & Martin Publishers

ISBN: 1905177488

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 199

View: 3839

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This work provides a thought-provoking account of how medical treatments can be tested with unbiased or 'fair' trials and explains how patients can work with doctors to achieve this vital goal. It spans the gamut of therapy from mastectomy to thalidomide and explores a vast range of case studies.

How People Learn

Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309131979

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 9155

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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.