Visual and Statistical Thinking

Displays of Evidence for Making Decisions

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: Graphics Press

ISBN: 9780961392130

Category: Mathematics

Page: 31

View: 1344


Political Control of the Economy

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691021805

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 4084

Speculations about the effects of politics on economic life have a long and vital tradition, but few efforts have been made to determine the precise relationship between them. Edward Tufte, a political scientist who covered the 1976 Presidential election for Newsweek, seeks to do just that. His sharp analyses and astute observations lead to an eye-opening view of the impact of political life on the national economy of America and other capitalist democracies. The analysis demonstrates how politicians, political parties, and voters decide who gets what, when, and how in the economic arena. A nation's politics, it is argued, shape the most important aspects of economic life--inflation, unemployment, income redistribution, the growth of government, and the extent of central economic control. Both statistical data and case studies (based on interviews and Presidential documents) are brought to bear on four topics. They are: 1) the political manipulation of the economy in election years, 2) the new international electoral-economic cycle, 3) the decisive role of political leaders and parties in shaping macroeconomic outcomes, and 4) the response of the electorate to changing economic conditions. Finally, the book clarifies a central question in political economy: How can national economic policy be conducted in both a democratic and a competent fashion?

Decision Making

Its Logic and Practice

Author: Byron M. Roth,John D. Mullen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742512740

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 5042

This text, written by a philosopher and a social psychologist, emphasizes concrete applications of decision research to problems of everyday living, as well as to business, social, and political issues. The text contains scores of interesting examples and problems for analysis, ranging from personal decisions about medical treatment to Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb. There is no other text with such a wide-ranging coverage, with so practical an orientation, with such clear descriptions of the steps to effective decision making, and with so many end-of-chapter problems for analysis and practice.

Mediation Analysis

Author: Dawn Iacobucci

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141292569X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 85

View: 3353

Social science data analysts have long considered the mediation of intermediate variables of primary importance in understanding individuals' social, behavioural and other kinds of outcomes. In this book Dawn Iacobucci uses the method known as structural equation modeling (SEM) in modeling mediation in causal analysis. This approach offers the most flexibility and allows the researcher to deal with mediation in the presence of multiple measures, mediated moderation, and moderated mediation, among other variations on the mediation theme. The wide availability of software implementing SEM gives the reader necessary tools for modeling mediation so that a proper understanding of causal relationship is achieved.

The Logic of Causal Order

Author: James A. Davis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803925533

Category: Medical

Page: 72

View: 301

This monograph is not statistical. It looks instead at pre-statistical assumptions about dependent variables and causal order. Professor Davis spells out the logical principles that underlie our ideas of causality and explains how to discover causal direction, irrespective of the statistical technique used. He stresses throughout that knowledge of the "real world" is important and repeatedly challenges the myth that causal problems can be solved by statistical calculations alone.

Why CEOs Fail

The 11 Behaviors That Can Derail Your Climb to the Top - And How to Manage Them

Author: David L. Dotlich,Peter C. Cairo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470330708

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 5685

If any of the following behaviors sound like you or someone you work with, beware! In Why CEOs Fail, David L. Dotlich and Peter C. Cairo describe the most common characteristics of derailed top executives and how you can avoid them: Arrogance—you think that you're right, and everyone else is wrong. Melodrama—you need to be the center of attention. Volatility—you're subject to mood swings. Excessive Caution—you're afraid to make decisions. Habitual Distrust—you focus on the negatives. Aloofness —you're disengaged and disconnected. Mischievousness—you believe that rules are made to be broken. Eccentricity—you try to be different just for the sake of it. Passive Resistance—what you say is not what you really believe. Perfectionism—you get the little things right and the big things wrong. Eagerness to Please—you try to win the popularity contest.

A Quiet Violence

View from a Bangladesh Village

Author: Betsy Hartmann,James K. Boyce

Publisher: Food First Books

ISBN: 9780935028164

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 5235


Visual Explanations

Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781930824157

Category: Visual communication

Page: 156

View: 4454

Display of information for paper and computer screens; principles of information design, design of presentations. Depicting evidence relevant to cause and effect, decision making. Scientific visualization.

Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement

Author: Amitava Mitra

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118705440

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 816

View: 8912

A statistical approach to the principles of quality control and management Incorporating modern ideas, methods, and philosophies of quality management, Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement, Fourth Edition presents a quantitative approach to management-oriented techniques and enforces the integration of statistical concepts into quality assurance methods. Utilizing a sound theoretical foundation and illustrating procedural techniques through real-world examples, the timely new edition bridges the gap between statistical quality control and quality management. Promoting a unique approach, the book focuses on the use of experimental design concepts as well as the Taguchi method for creating product/process designs that successfully incorporate customer needs, improve lead time, and reduce costs. The Fourth Edition of Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement also includes: New topical coverage on risk-adjustment, capability indices, model building using regression, and survival analysis Updated examples and exercises that enhance the readers’ understanding of the concepts Discussions on the integration of statistical concepts to decision making in the realm of quality assurance Additional concepts, tools, techniques, and issues in the field of health care and health care quality A unique display and analysis of customer satisfaction data through surveys with strategic implications on decision making, based on the degree of satisfaction and the degree of importance of survey items Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement, Fourth Edition is an ideal book for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in management, technology, and engineering. The book also serves as a valuable reference for practitioners and professionals interested in expanding their knowledge of statistical quality control, quality assurance, product/process design, total quality management, and/or Six Sigma training in quality improvement.

Data analysis for politics and policy

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 179

View: 4166

Introduction to data analysis; Predictions and projections: some issues of research design; Two-variable linear regression; Multiple regression.

Size and Democracy

Author: Robert Alan Dahl,Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804708340

Category: Comparative government

Page: 148

View: 5904


The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers, Second Edition

Author: Jane E. Miller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618580X

Category: Reference

Page: 360

View: 1605

Earning praise from scientists, journalists, faculty, and students, The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers has helped thousands of writers communicate data clearly and effectively. Its publication offered a much-needed bridge between good quantitative analysis and clear expository writing, using straightforward principles and efficient prose. With this new edition, Jane Miller draws on a decade of additional experience and research, expanding her advice on reaching everyday audiences and further integrating non-print formats. Miller, an experienced teacher of research methods, statistics, and research writing, opens by introducing a set of basic principles for writing about numbers, then presents a toolkit of techniques that can be applied to prose, tables, charts, and presentations. Throughout the book, she emphasizes flexibility, showing writers that different approaches work for different kinds of data and different types of audiences. The second edition adds a chapter on writing about numbers for lay audiences, explaining how to avoid overwhelming readers with jargon and technical issues. Also new is an appendix comparing the contents and formats of speeches, research posters, and papers, to teach writers how to create all three types of communication without starting each from scratch. An expanded companion website includes new multimedia resources such as slide shows and podcasts that illustrate the concepts and techniques, along with an updated study guide of problem sets and suggested course extensions. This continues to be the only book that brings together all the tasks that go into writing about numbers, integrating advice on finding data, calculating statistics, organizing ideas, designing tables and charts, and writing prose all in one volume. Field-tested with students and professionals alike, this holistic book is the go-to guide for everyone who writes or speaks about numbers.

Research Methods

The Concise Knowledge Base

Author: William M. K. Trochim

Publisher: Atomic Dog Publishing

ISBN: 9781592601455

Category: Reference

Page: 270

View: 1383


Beautiful Evidence

Author: Edward R. Tufte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781930824164

Category:

Page: 214

View: 5229

How seeing turns into showing, how empirical observations turn into explanation and evidence. How to produce and consume evidence presentations.

Writing Arguments, Complete Edition

A Rhetoric with Readings

Author: John D. Ramage,John C. Bean,June Johnson

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0133881350

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 672

View: 3027

&> For courses in Argument and Research. The most thorough theoretical foundation available Writing Arguments: A Rhetoric with Readings, 10/e integrates four different approaches to argument: the enthymeme as a logical structure, the classical concepts of logos, pathos, and ethos, the Toulmin system, and stasis theory. Focusing on argument as dialogue in search of solutions instead of a pro-con debate with winners and losers, it is consistently praised for teaching the critical-thinking skills needed for writing arguments. Major assignment chapters each focus on one or two classical stases (e.g. definition, resemblance, causal, evaluation, and policy). Each concept is immediately reinforced with discussion prompts, and each chapter ends with multiple comprehensive writing assignments. This comprehensive version contains a superlative thematic anthology of arguments on contemporary topics and some classics for balance. Also available in a Brief version with rhetoric only ( 0321964276 ) and a Concise version ( 0321964284) which is a redaction of the Brief edition . Also available with MyWritingLab™ This title is also available with MyWritingLab — an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for ISBN-10: 0133910687 / ISBN-13: 9780133910681. That package includes ISBN-10: 0133944131 / ISBN-13: 9780133944136, ISBN-10: 013394414X / ISBN-13: 9780133944143, and ISBN-10: 032190673X / ISBN-13: 9780321906731. MyWritingLab is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor.

Drive

The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us

Author: Daniel H. Pink

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101524381

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 3246

Forget everything you thought you knew about how to motivate people—at work, at school, at home. It's wrong. As Daniel H. Pink (author of To Sell Is Human: The Surprising Truth About Motivating Others) explains in his paradigm-shattering book Drive, the secret to high performance and satisfaction in today's world is the deeply human need to direct our own lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and our world. Drawing on four decades of scientific research on human motivation, Pink exposes the mismatch between what science knows and what business does—and how that affects every aspect of our lives. He demonstrates that while the old-fashioned carrot-and-stick approach worked successfully in the 20th century, it's precisely the wrong way to motivate people for today's challenges. In Drive, he reveals the three elements of true motivation: *Autonomy—the desire to direct our own lives *Mastery—the urge to get better and better at something that matters *Purpose—the yearning to do what we do in the service of something larger than ourselves Along the way, he takes us to companies that are enlisting new approaches to motivation and introduces us to the scientists and entrepreneurs who are pointing a bold way forward. Drive is bursting with big ideas—the rare book that will change how you think and transform how you live.

Understanding Multivariate Research

A Primer For Beginning Social Scientists

Author: William Berry,Mitchell Sanders

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0813346282

Category: Political Science

Page: 104

View: 7454

Although nearly all major social science departments offer graduate students training in quantitative methods, the typical sequencing of topics generally delays training in regression analysis and other multivariate techniques until a student's second year. William Berry and Mitchell Sanders's Understanding Multivariate Research fills this gap with a concise introduction to regression analysis and other multivariate techniques. Their book is designed to give new graduate students a grasp of multivariate analysis sufficient to understand the basic elements of research relying on such analysis that they must read prior to their formal training in quantitative methods. Berry and Sanders effectively cover the techniques seen most commonly in social science journals--regression (including nonlinear and interactive models), logit, probit, and causal models/path analysis. The authors draw on illustrations from across the social sciences, including political science, sociology, marketing and higher education. All topics are developed without relying on the mathematical language of probability theory and statistical inference. Readers are assumed to have no background in descriptive or inferential statistics, and this makes the book highly accessible to students with no prior graduate course work.

How People Learn

Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309131979

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 1411

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Statistics for Business & Economics, Revised

Author: David R. Anderson,Dennis J. Sweeney,Thomas A. Williams,Jeffrey D. Camm,James J. Cochran

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337516716

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 50

View: 4237

Get more out of learning statistics than simply the ability to solve equations. Discover how statistical information enables strong decisions in today’s business world with STATISTICS FOR BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS, REVISED 13E. Sound methodology combines with a proven problem-scenario approach, and meaningful applications for the most powerful approach to mastering critical statistical concepts. This edition’s prestigious author team brings together more than 25 years of unmatched experience to this thoroughly updated book. More than 350 real business examples, timely cases, and memorable exercises present the latest statistical data and business information with unwavering accuracy. To ensure the most relevant coverage, this edition introduces how to use today’s most popular commercial statistical software programs, including Minitab 17 and Excel 2016. Trust this edition for the statistics background needed for business success. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.