Visual Style and Constructing Identity in the Hellenistic World

Nemrud DaÄŸ and Commagene under Antiochos I

Author: Miguel John Versluys

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107141974

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 1842

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Located in the small kingdom of Commagene at the upper Euphrates, the late Hellenistic monument of Nemrud Dağ (c.50 BC) has been undeservedly neglected by scholars. Qualified as a Greco-Persian hybrid instigated by a lunatic king, this fascinating project of bricolage has been written out of history. This volume redresses that imbalance, interpreting Nemrud Dağ as an attempt at canon building by Antiochos I in order to construct a dynastic ideology and social order, and proving the monument's importance for our understanding of a crucial transitional phase from Hellenistic to Roman. Hellenistic Commagene therefore holds a profound significance for a number of discussions, such as the functioning of the Hellenistic koine and the genesis of Roman 'art', Hellenism and Persianism in antiquity, dynastic propaganda and the power of images, Romanisation in the East, the contextualising of the Augustan cultural revolution, and the role of Greek culture in the Roman world.

Scribes and Scholars

A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature

Author: L. D. Reynolds,N. G. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686335

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 2102

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It explores how the texts from classical Greece and Rome have survived and gives an account of the reasons why it was thought worthwhile to preserve them for future generations. In this 4th edition adjustments have been made to the text and the notes have been revised in order to take account of advances in scholarship over the last twenty years.

Hellenism in the East

the interaction of Greek and non-Greek civilizations from Syria to Central Asia after Alexander

Author: Amélie Kuhrt,Susan M. Sherwin-White

Publisher: Duckbacks

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 2270

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Mithraic Societies: From Brotherhood to Religion's Adversary - (b&w)

Author: Abolala Soudavar

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1312106069

Category: History

Page: 406

View: 6923

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Although by its title, this book seems to be about a specialized topic, the spread of Mithraic societies and its avatars, in time and geographical expanse, much enhances its relevancy. From Roman legionaries to chivalry orders, from dervish circles to guild organizations, and from Freemasons to French revolutionaries, the hierarchy of Mithraic societies, their initiation rites, and their oaths of secrecy, provided a model for brotherhood organization that was efficient, but also flexible; they could adapt their philosophy to the prevailing politico-religion conditions of the day, because they did not worship any particular god, but could also be comrades in arms with nascent religious movements, such as with Christianity. Mithra was the initial guarantor of their oath, and if need be it could be replaced by Jesus, Allah or any other divinity. Their "religion" was their brotherhood, and as such they usually provided a counter-balance to the power elite, and had the potential to become politically active.

The Hellenistic Far East

Archaeology, Language, and Identity in Greek Central Asia

Author: Rachel Mairs

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520292464

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5393

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In the aftermath of Alexander the Great’s conquests in the late fourth century B.C., Greek garrisons and settlements were established across Central Asia, through Bactria (modern-day Afghanistan) and into India. Over the next three hundred years, these settlements evolved into multiethnic, multilingual communities as much Greek as they were indigenous. To explore the lives and identities of the inhabitants of the Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms, Rachel Mairs marshals a variety of evidence, from archaeology, to coins, to documentary and historical texts. Looking particularly at the great city of Ai Khanoum, the only extensively excavated Hellenistic period urban site in Central Asia, Mairs explores how these ancient people lived, communicated, and understood themselves. Significant and original, The Hellenistic Far East will highlight Bactrian studies as an important part of our understanding of the ancient world.

The Religion of the Mithras Cult in the Roman Empire

Mysteries of the Unconquered Sun

Author: Roger Beck

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198140894

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 6853

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A study of the religious system of Mithraism, one of the 'mystery cults' popular in the Roman Empire contemporary with early Christianity. Mithraism is described from the point of view of the initiate engaging with its rich repertoire of symbols and practices.

Mithridates VI and the Pontic Kingdom

Author: Jakob Munk Højte

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: 9788779344433

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 7256

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Mithridates VI Eupator, the last king of Pontos, was undoubtedly one of the most prominent figures in the late Hellenistic period. Throughout his long reign (120-63 BC), the political and cultural landscape of Asia Minor and the Black Sea area was reshaped along new lines. The authors present new archaeological research and new interpretations of various aspects of Pontic society and its contacts with the Greek world and its eastern neighbours and investigate the background for the expansion of the Pontic Kingdom that eventually led to the confrontation with Rome.

A Concise History of the Armenian People

(from Ancient Times to the Present)

Author: George A. Bournoutian

Publisher: Mazda Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 499

View: 6987

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The first part of the study discusses the origins of the Armenians, the Urartian Kingdom, Armenia and the Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Roman, Sasanid and Byzantine periods. It also examines Christinaity in Armenia and the development of an alphabet and literature. The work then continues with the history of Armenia during the Arab, Turkish and Mongol periods. A separate chapter deals with the history of Cilician Armenia and the Crusades. The second part concentrates on the Armenian communities in the Ottoman, Persian, Indian, and Russian empires (1500-1918). It also details the Armenian diaspora in Eastern and Western Europe, Africa, the Arab World, the Far East, and the Americas. The study concludes with lengthy chapters on the history of the three Armenian republics (1918-1920); (1921-1991Soviet Armenia); and the current Armenian republic (1991-2001).

The Heritage of Eastern Turkey

From Earliest Settlements to Islam

Author: A. G. Sagona

Publisher: Macmillan Education AU

ISBN: 9781876832056

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 350

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Dr Sagona has conducted many seasons of excavation and survey work in eastern Turkey. This extravagantly illustrated book traces the history of the region from the beginning of settled life (c.11,000-5,500 BC) to the spread of Islam and the resplendent Ottoman period that followed. Among its fascinating subjects are details of the obsidian trade, the emergence of agriculture and stock-breeding; the development of metallurgy; the rise of a merchant class; the constantly changing political boundaries under the Urartians, Hittites and Persians; the Roman and Christian periods; and the Arab Conquest followed by the invasion of the Seljuks and their wonderful arts. The text is supported by the rare and beautiful photography of the sites and monuments, and of artefacts produced by the many different peoples who have inhabited this fascinating region.

Roman Phrygia

Author: Peter Thonemann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107031281

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6314

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The first synthesis of the remarkable cultural history of the highlands of inner Anatolia under Roman rule.

Emperors and Ancestors

Roman Rulers and the Constraints of Tradition

Author: Olivier Hekster

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198736827

Category: Abstammung

Page: 395

View: 6077

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Emperors and Ancestors is the first systematic analysis of the different ways in which imperial lineage was represented in the various 'media' through which images of emperors could be transmitted. Rather than focusing on individual rulers, Hekster evaluates evidence over an extended period of time and differentiates between various types of sources, such as inscriptions, sculpture, architecture, literary text, and particularly central coinage, whichforms the most convenient source material for a modern reconstruction of Roman representations over a prolonged period of time.

The Roman Villa in the Mediterranean Basin

Late Republic to Late Antiquity

Author: Annalisa Marzano,Guy P. R. Métraux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316732541

Category: Art

Page: N.A

View: 3972

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This volume offers a comprehensive survey of Roman villas in Italy and the Mediterranean provinces of the Roman Empire, from their origins to the collapse of the Empire. The architecture of villas could be humble or grand, and sometimes luxurious. Villas were most often farms where wine, olive oil, cereals, and manufactured goods, among other products, were produced. They were also venues for hospitality, conversation, and thinking on pagan, and ultimately Christian, themes. Villas spread as the Empire grew. Like towns and cities, they became the means of power and assimilation, just as infrastructure, such as aqueducts and bridges, was transforming the Mediterranean into a Roman sea. The distinctive Roman/Italian villa type was transferred to the provinces, resulting in Mediterranean-wide culture of rural dwelling and work that further unified the Empire.

Hellenistic History and Culture

Author: Peter Green

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520203259

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 9487

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In a 1988 conference, American and British scholars unexpectedly discovered that their ideas were converging in ways that formed a new picture of the variegated Hellenistic mosaic. That picture emerges in these essays and eloquently displays the breadth of modern interest in the Hellenistic Age. A distrust of all ideologies has altered old views of ancient political structures, and feminism has also changed earlier assessments. The current emphasis on multiculturalism has consciously deemphasized the Western, Greco-Roman tradition, and Nubians, Bactrians, and other subject peoples of the time are receiving attention in their own right, not just as recipients of Greco-Roman culture. History, like Herakleitos' river, never stands still. These essays share a collective sense of discovery and a sparking of new ideas--they are a welcome beginning to the reexploration of a fascinatingly complex age.

The Religious Life of Nabataea

Author: Peter Alpass

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004216235

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 5558

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The Religious Life of Nabataea offers a fresh perspective on the cultic landscape of the desert kingdom that dominated the north-western Arabian Peninsula in the centuries around the birth of Christ.

Tying the Threads of Eurasia

Trans-Regional Routes and Material Flows in Transcaucasia, Eastern Anatolia and Western Central Asia, C. 3000-1500BC

Author: Toby C. Wilkinson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789088903878

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 3023

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The famous 'Silk Roads' have long evoked a romantic picture of travel through colourful civilizations that connected the western and eastern poles of Eurasia, facilitating the exchange of exotic luxury goods, peoples, pathogens and ideas. But how far back can we trace such interaction? Increasing evidence suggests considerable time-depth for Trans-Eurasian exchange, with the expanding urban networks of the Bronze Age at times anticipating later caravan routes. Tying the Threads of Eurasia applies advanced GIS modelling and critical social archaeology to carefully selected material remains from these earlier connections in order to understand and explain macro-scale processes of interaction in the wider ancient Near East between 3000 and 1500BC. Evidence related to precious stone, metal and textile objects found in Transcaucasia, eastern Anatolia and Central Asia are examined critically and spatially to provide new insights into changing socio-economic relations within and beyond these case-study regions. This book will be of interest to archaeologists and historians researching routes of exchange and interaction, macro-scale historical change or GIS approaches to archaeology, and to specialists of the Bronze Age Near East, especially Anatolia, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Iran.

The Sense of Sight in Rabbinic Culture

Author: Rachel Neis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107032512

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 5331

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This book studies the significance of sight in rabbinic cultures across Palestine and Mesopotamia (approximately first to seventh centuries). It tracks the extent and effect to which the rabbis living in the Greco-Roman and Persian worlds sought to appropriate, recast and discipline contemporaneous understandings of sight. Sight had a crucial role to play in the realms of divinity, sexuality and gender, idolatry and, ultimately, rabbinic subjectivity. The rabbis lived in a world in which the eyes were at once potent and vulnerable: eyes were thought to touch objects of vision, while also acting as an entryway into the viewer. Rabbis, Romans, Zoroastrians, Christians and others were all concerned with the protection and exploitation of vision. Employing many different sources, Professor Neis considers how the rabbis engaged varieties of late antique visualities, along with rabbinic narrative, exegetical and legal strategies, as part of an effort to cultivate and mark a 'rabbinic eye'.

Syrian Identity in the Greco-Roman World

Author: Nathanael J. Andrade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107012058

Category: Bibles

Page: 412

View: 8497

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This book proposes a new means of identifying how Greek and Syrian identities were expressed in the Hellenistic and Roman Near East.