Walking Towards Justice

Democratization in Rural Life

Author: M. Bell,Michael Mayerfeld Bell,Fred T. Hendricks,Azril Bacal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780762309542

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 9352

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This volume brings together some of the recent work of rural sociologists on democracy, in an effort to bring into sharper focus this work's distinctive contributions to understanding the question of what is and should be globalized, with particular emphasis on rural concerns and rural people.

Evaluating the European Approach to Rural Development

Grass-roots Experiences of the LEADER Programme

Author: Leo Granberg,Kjell Andersson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317138759

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 1204

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The LEADER programme, initiated in 1991, aims to improve the development potential of rural areas in the European Union by drawing on local initiatives and skills. Highlighting this unique policy approach, this book presents up-to-date research results on LEADER’s achievements and restrictions at the local level in a comparative way in order to discuss its merits and problems. What makes LEADER important is not only that it has a major role in rural development efforts, but also that it has a pioneering role in the new type of governance, participatory democracy. Asking whether LEADER strengthens local democracy or not, this book also looks at how it affects the power balance among stakeholders, between national and local actors and between genders. It questions whether LEADER projects are genuinely grass-root level activities, reflecting local needs and ideals; and if the approach brings local know-how back onto the development agenda in innovations and development activities. Finally, the authors examine the success of dissemination of knowledge within the LEADER programme to other regions.

Developing Sustainable Agriculture and Community

Author: Lionel J. "Bo" Beaulieu,Jeffrey L. Jordan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317850602

Category: Social Science

Page: 104

View: 9273

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This book illustrates the ways in which communities can strengthen the links and set the stage for long-term partnerships between sustainable agriculture and sustainable rural community development initiatives. It provides lessons learned, first, from the community development literature that can help shape sustainable agriculture strategies, and second, from the sustainable agriculture literature that can prove useful in moulding sound and effective community development strategies. The threads that weave the chapters together is the commitment to a building and expanding the community capital resources that have important bearing on the sustainability of agriculture and the broader community of which it is a part. Certainly, the success of the agriculture/community partnerships is rooted in one critical ingredient – "social capital." To be effective over the long-term, sustainable development depends on a network of people, drawn from a wide array of interests, who have a strong trusting relationship with one another, and who are willing to work together in responding to the economic, environmental, and social challenges facing agriculture and community alike. At the same time, strategies that work to strengthen the stock of all seven types of community capitals are important to pursue. It is balanced investments in all seven types of community capitals that will contribute to the emergence of "community agency" -- the ability of local people to act in a proactive manner in managing, utilizing, and enhancing local resources. With the emergence of "community agency," an important step in the pursuit of a sustainable future for both agriculture and community is possible. This book was published as a special issue of Community Development.

Farming for us all

practical agriculture & the cultivation of sustainability

Author: Michael Bell

Publisher: Pennsylvania State Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780271023861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 299

View: 4366

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It is easy to feel overwhelmed and depressed by all the threats facing modern agriculture--threats to the environment, to the health and safety of our food, to the economic and cultural viability of farmers and rural communities. Hundreds of thousands of farmers leave their farms every year as the juggernaut of "big agriculture" plows across our rural landscape. But there are viable alternatives to big agriculture, as many farmers and others involved in agriculture, including consumers, are discovering. In Farming for Us All, Michael Mayerfeld Bell offers crucial insight into the future of a viable sustainable agriculture movement in the United States. Based on interviews and years of close interaction with more than sixty Iowa farm families, Bell answers two critical questions concerning sustainable agriculture: why some farmers are becoming sustainable farmers and why, as yet, most are not. The first part of the book describes how the structure of agriculture--that nexus of markets, regulations, subsides,,and technology--has created a situation in which farmers are paid to undermine their own economic and social security as well as the security of the land. The second part explores why most Iowa farmers carry on with these destructive practices. Farming is a pressured endeavor, and farmers find themselves relying on recipes of knowledge to get them through the latest crisis, with little opportunity to explore some other way--even if they think what they know how to do isn't likely to work very well for them. And yet some farmers resist the tide of big agriculture. In the third part of the book, Bell examines Iowa's largest sustainable agriculture group, Practical Farmers of Iowa(PFI), and he finds a new model of social relations at work. Members of PFI seek to create an agriculture that engages others-farmers, university researchers, government officials, and consumers alike--in a common conversation ab

Bakhtin and the Human Sciences

No Last Words

Author: Michael Bell,Michael E Gardiner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761955306

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 946

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Bakhtin and the Human Sciences demonstrates the abundance of ideas Bakhtin's thought offers to the human sciences, and reconsiders him as a social thinker, not just a literary theorist. The contributors hail from many disciplines and their essays' implications extend into other fields in the human sciences. The volume emphasizes Bakhtin's work on dialogue, carnival, ethics and everyday life, as well as the relationship between Bakhtin's ideas and those of other important social theorists. In a lively introduction Gardiner and Bell discuss Bakhtin's significance as a major intellectual figure and situate his ideas within current trends and developments in social theory.

Social movements and Ireland

Author: Linda Connolly,Niamh Hourigan

Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780719072437

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1657

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Social movements and Ireland is an innovative new text which aims to provide a comprehensive introduction and critical analysis of collective action in Irish society. Participation in social protest in Ireland has become a widely utilized form of political expression and has played a profoundly important role in generating the wide-ranging cultural, political, social and economic changes which have shaped Irish society in the twentieth and twenty-first century. The book combines a broad overview of social movement activity in Ireland with an integrated introduction to the major theoretical forms of social movement analysis, and is ideally suited to the needs of students from a wide range of disciplines. By adopting an integrated approach, this landmark text provides new perspectives on international social movements theory, based on the Irish experience. At the same time, a distinct account of the development of Irish society and ongoing social change is provided through the focus on substantive questions - gender, civil rights, rural development, consumerism, environmentalism, language, sectarianism, sexuality, war, globalization, racism, ethnicity and immigration.

The Political Economy of Rural Poverty

The Case for Land Reform

Author: Mohamad Riad El Ghonemy

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 337

View: 7761

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The Political Economy of Rural Poverty" illustrates the impact of schemes which result in a partial, complete, or non-existent re-allocation of land. The author finds that land reform can play a major role in stimulating the rural economy, particularly by providing the rural population with greater command over their own food supply. As the incidence of poverty and landlessness increases and food productivity continues to fall in developing countries, the prospects for re-establishing land reform as a high priority need to be addressed. With discussion of countries as diverse as China, India, Egypt, and South Korea, this book offers new insights to anyone working in rural development.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 3730

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

The Writer's Directory, 1998-2000

Author: Miranda H. Ferrara

Publisher: Saint James Press

ISBN: 9781558623286

Category: Authors, American

Page: 1836

View: 6420

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Information on more than 17,500 living authors from English speaking countries.

Erleben, Erleiden, Erfahren

Die Konstitution sozialen Sinns jenseits instrumenteller Vernunft

Author: Kay Junge,Daniel Suber,Gerold Gerber

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839408296

Category: Social Science

Page: 514

View: 9916

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Dieses Buch macht in zahlreichen Beiträgen auf Dimensionen des Handelns aufmerksam, die in der Geschichte der Sozialwissenschaften bisher eher ein Schattendasein führten. »Erleben«, »Erleiden«, »Erfahren« stehen dabei für drei Kategorien, die zwar schon auf eine philosophische Karriere zurückblicken können, in der Soziologie aber noch kaum etabliert sind. Der prominent besetzte Band leistet im Anschluss an diverse Theorietraditionen erste Übersetzungsversuche. Darüber hinaus werden in empirischen Zugriffen unterschiedliche Modalitäten und Eigenschaften ungeplanter Ereignisse herausgestellt und auf ihre identitätskonstitutive Funktion hin beleuchtet. Mit Beiträgen von Jeffrey C. Alexander, Aleida Assmann, Jan Assmann, Zygmunt Bauman, Heinz Bude, Helmut Dubiel, Klaus Eder, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt, Gerold Gerber, Alois Hahn, Kay Junge, Albrecht Koschorke, Claus Leggewie, Stephan Moebius, Richard Münch, Günter Oesterle, Andreas Reckwitz, Karl-Siegbert Rehberg, Michael Schmid, Wolfgang Ludwig Schneider, Wolfgang Seibel, Daniel Suber, Arpad Szakolczai und Johannes Weiß.

The Water Crisis

Constructing Solutions to Freshwater Pollution

Author: Julie Stauffer

Publisher: Black Rose Books Limited

ISBN: 9781551641447

Category: Nature

Page: 161

View: 775

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Two centuries ago, Benjamin Franklin said we do not know the true value of water until the well runs dry.

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 6418

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In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Rurbane Landschaften

Perspektiven des Ruralen in einer urbanisierten Welt

Author: Sigrun Langner,Maria Frölich-Kulik

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839444284

Category: Social Science

Page: 466

View: 4314

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Wir leben in einer urbanisierten Welt. Unsere Perspektive auf die Geschehnisse um uns ist eine urbane - und weist so manche blinde Flecken auf. Denn das Land findet sich dabei vielmals als Peripherie problematisiert - oder als im Verschwinden begriffener Sehnsuchtsort idealisiert. Die Perspektive des Ruralen hingegen eröffnet die Möglichkeit, das Land und sein vermeintliches Gegenstück - das Urbane - neu zu lesen, zu verstehen und zu gestalten. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes beleuchten das Rurale u.a. als wirkmächtigen Imaginationsraum in einer urbanisierten Welt sowie urban-rurale Beziehungsgefüge in Alltagswelt, Raumpolitik und Architektur.

Urban Governance

Author: Arend Bewernitz

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 363821544X

Category: Social Science

Page: 17

View: 5379

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 1,3, Technische Universität Berlin (Institut für Stadt- und Regionalplanung), Veranstaltung: Theorie der Stadt- und Regionalplanung, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Vor dem Hintergrund des aktuellen Zustands der deutschen Kommunen mit ihren massiven wirtschaftlichen und finanziellen Problemen gewinnen die Debatten zu Methoden, Möglichkeiten und Chancen der Verwaltungsreform viel an Bedeutung. Diese Arbeit möchte einen kleinen Teil dieser Diskussion im Bereich der (urban) governance nachvollziehen, also die Bedeutung des Begriffs genau definieren, die Entstehung der Governance-Debatte nachzeichnen und ihre Ausprägungen auf kommunaler Ebene darstellen – sowohl theoretisch anhand der Systematik von Jon Pierre der „models of urban governance“ wie auch praktisch am Beispiel der HafenCity in Hamburg. Etymologischer Ursprung und Definition Das englische Wort governance lässt sich auf lateinische Ursprünge zurückführen, gubernare heißt in seiner Grundbedeutung lenken / steuern und stammt aus der Seefahrt. Im Laufe der Zeit wurde gubernare auch abstrakter gefasst und taucht schließlich in Schriften über Recht und Staatsverfassung unter anderem von Caesar, Cicero und Seneca als regieren / lenken / leiten auf. Der terminus technicus rem publicam gubernare wurde im klassischen Latein als Bezeichnung von Personen in leitenden Staatsämtern verwendet, aber auch in lateinischen Sprichwörtern findet sich gubernare (z.B. bei Livius: gubernare e terra, aus sicherem Orte andere in Gefahr belehren wollen). Das französische Wort gouvernance, seit dem 13. Jahrhundert Bestandteil der Sprache, bezeichnete zunächst nur die Form des Regierens. Abgeleitet von dem Wort gouvernail (Steuerrad, in der Schifffahrt) lassen sich auch Verbindungen zum deutschen „steuern“ herstellen. Um Regierung(shandeln) zu beschreiben war allerdings der Begriff méthodes de gouvernment (Methoden des Regierens) gebräuchlicher. Im Zuge der soziologischen und politikwissenschaftlichen Diskussionen der 1970/80er Jahre wurde der Terminus governance, übersetzt mit dem französischen gouvernance, wieder eingeführt, dementsprechend wird der Begriff in der französischen Sprache analog zu der Bedeutung des englischen governance1 definiert, so z.B. bei Marcou u.a.: "La gouvernance gilt für die neuen interaktiven Formen der Steuerung, in denen private Akteure, verschiedene öffentliche Organisationen, Bürgergemeinschaften oder andere Arten von Akteuren an der Verarbeitung der Politik teilnehmen." (Marcou, Rangeon, Thiebault 1997, zitiert nach Ferry 2003: 77) [...]