Water Contamination Emergencies

Monitoring, Understanding and Acting

Author: Kenneth Clive Thompson,Ulrich Borchers

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 184973156X

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 1892

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This book is the proceedings of the International Conference on Water Contamination Emergencies: Monitoring, Understanding, Acting held in October 2010. The fourth in a series of conference proceedings, this book develops themes from three previous, highly successful Water Contamination Emergencies conferences in addition to dealing specifically with four new principle themes: monitoring, understanding, acting and lessons learned. With contributions from leading scientists and experts in academia and industry it offers a truly international perspective on our ability to deal with water contamination emergencies. Emphasis is given to prevention, strategy and unusual emergency incident situations relating to drinking water. This book should appeal to public health professionals, water companies, regulators, risk and business continuity managers, emergency planners, local authorities, service and support providers, disaster recovery specialists, water security experts, water distribution modellers, and all experts involved in emergency planning and response.

Water Contamination Emergencies

Monitoring, Understanding and Acting

Author: Ulrich Borchers,John Gray,K Clive Thompson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849733198

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 7499

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This book is the proceedings of the International Conference on Water Contamination Emergencies: Monitoring, Understanding, Acting held in October 2010. The fourth in a series of conference proceedings this book develops themes from three previous, highly successful Water Contamination conferences in addition to dealing specifically with four new principle themes: monitoring, understanding, acting and lessons learned. With contributions from leading scientists and experts in academia and industry it offers a truly international perspective on our ability to deal with water contamination emergencies. Emphasis is given to prevention, strategy and unusual emergency incident situations relating to drinking water. The book appeals across the board from public health and environmental professionals to companies, agencies, regulators and experts involved in emergency planning and response.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Standards for Schools in Low-cost Settings

Author: John Adams,Jackie Sims,Jamie Bartram,Yves Chartier

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547790

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 55

View: 414

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"Diseases related to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are a huge burden in developing countries. It is estimated that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is caused by unsafe water supply, and inadequate sanitation and hygiene (WHO, 2004c). Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common. Schools, particularly those in rural areas, often completely lack drinking-water and sanitation and handwashing facilities; alternatively, where such facilities do exist they are often inadequate in both quality and quantity. Schools with poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and intense levels of person-to-person contact, are high-risk environments for children and staff, and exacerbate children's particular susceptibility to environmental health hazards. Children's ability to learn may be affected by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in several ways. These include helminth infections (which affect hundreds of millions of school-age children), long-term exposure to chemical contaminants in water (e.g. lead and arsenic), diarrhoeal diseases and malaria infections, all of which force many schoolchildren to be absent from school. Poor environmental conditions in the classroom can also make both teaching and learning very difficult. Girls and boys are likely to be affected in different ways by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in schools, and this may contribute to unequal learning opportunities. Sometimes, girls and female teachers are more affected than boys because the lack of sanitary facilities means that they cannot attend school during menstruation. The international policy environment increasingly reflects these issues. Providing adequate levels of water supply, sanitation and hygiene in schools is of direct relevance to the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals of achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and reducing child mortality. It is also supportive of other goals, especially those on major diseases and infant mortality." - p. iii

Monitoring Bathing Waters

A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Assessments and Monitoring Programmes

Author: Jamie Bartram,Gareth Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203478266

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 3861

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This book, which has been prepared by an international group of experts, provides comprehensive guidance for the design, planning and implementation of assessments and monitoring programmes for water bodies used for recreation. It addresses the wide range of hazards which may be encountered and emphasizes the importance of linking monitoring programmes to effective and feasible management actions to protect human health. It also provides details of sampling and analytical methods. This book will be an invaluable source of information for anyone concerned with monitoring and assessing recreational waters, including field staff. It will also be useful for national and regional government departments concerned with tourism and recreation, and for students and special interest groups.

Water Treatment and Pathogen Control

Process Efficiency in Achieving Safe Drinking-water

Author: LeChevallier M.W.,Kwok-Keung A.

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241562552

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 3147

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Annotation This publication provides a critical analysis of the literature on removal and inactivation of pathogenic microbes in water to aid the water quality specialist and design engineer in making decisions regarding microbial water quality.

Swimming and Water Safety

Author: Canadian Red Cross Society

Publisher: St. Louis, Mo. ; Toronto : Mosby Lifeline

ISBN: 9780815114987

Category: Aquatic sports

Page: 308

View: 512

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Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality

First addendum to volume 1, Recommendations

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241546743

Category: Medical

Page: 68

View: 789

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This publication contains the first addendum to Volume One of the 3rd edition (2004, ISBN 9241546387) of the WHO's guidelines which are used by countries worldwide to set standards for the regulation of drinking water quality and effective approaches to water safety management, including approaches to ensuring microbial safety. It gives details of all changes to the Guidelines since 2004, including the addition of three new chemical fact sheets and revisions to several others, updated guideline summary tables, new information to address local actions in response to chemical water quality problems and emergencies, an expanded discussion of chemicals used in water treatment and chemicals arising from materials in contact with water, and a complete list of minor revisions or amendments.

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

Guidelines for Investigation and Control

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 8248

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"These guidelines have been written for public health practitioners, food and health inspectors, district and national medical officers, laboratory personnel and others who may undertake or participate in the investigation and control of foodborne disease outbreaks."--P. 4 of cover.

Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Author: Robert Bos

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780407432

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 7015

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The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators.

Qualities of Effective Teachers, 3rd Edition

Author: James H. Stronge

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416625895

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 5788

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This updated edition is packed with research-based advice and practical tools for any educator interested in improving teaching and ensuring positive outcomes for all students.

Environmental Health in Emergencies and Disasters

A Practical Guide

Author: Benjamin Wisner,John Adams

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241545410

Category: Medical

Page: 252

View: 4080

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Distills what is known about environmental health during an emergency or disaster. Draws on results from the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, and on experience with sustainable development between the two Earth Summits. The volume is intended for practitioners, as well as for policy makers and researchers, and thus covers both general and technical aspects of environmental health.

Safe Piped Water

Author: R. G. Ainsworth

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 9781843390398

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 1680

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The factors affecting the presence and growth of micro-organisms in piped networks are reviewed in this book, as are the practices of water supply organisations that can directly or indirectly influence their presence and growth. The information and conclusions are intended for policy makers and those responsible for formulating "Water Safety Plans" for the supply of drinking-water. It is also relevant to engineers and scientists who are responsible for water supply planning, operations and monitoring. The review shows that there are often public health reasons for adopting a more proactive approach to many of the traditional practices used in designing, operating and maintaining distribution networks, and to modifying the composition of the water that is fed into the network. Contents include the following topics: The microbiology of piped distribution systems and public health Composition of treated waters to minimise potential for microbiological changes Design and operation of distribution networks. Planned maintenance and survey of distribution systems Precautions during construction and repairs Small animals in drinking water distribution systems Risk management for distribution systems

The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309133180

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 9690

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The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.

Valuing Water, Valuing Livelihoods

Guidance on Social Cost-benefit Analysis of Drinking-water Interventions, with Special Reference to Small Community Water Supplies

Author: John Cameron

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 9241564288

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 6668

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This book gives decision makers, health professionals and analysts a comprehensive view of the arguments and challenges associated with establishing the value of drinking-water interventions. The experts who have contributed to this publication provide guidance on assessing the benefits from improving access to safe drinking water and from reducing the burden of water-related diseases. They show how to compare the value of these benefits to the costs of the interventions, with special reference to small-scale drinking water systems.

Emergency Sanitation

Assessment and Programme Design

Author: Peter Harvey,Sohrab Baghri,Bob Reed

Publisher: WEDC, Loughborough University

ISBN: 1843800055

Category: Emergency management

Page: 358

View: 6999

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Includes statistics.

Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards

Author: Legs

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: 9781853398612

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 5960

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The LEGS process grew out of the recognition that livestock are a crucial livelihood asset for people throughout the world - many of whom are poor and vulnerable to both natural and human-induced disasters - and that livestock support is an important component of emergency aid programs. The publication of the first edition of LEGS in 2009 responded to the need to help donors, program managers, technical experts, and others to design and implement livestock interventions in emergencies. At the same time, LEGS recognized the need to plan for climatic trends affecting communities that rely heavily on livestock. The first edition drew on multi-agency contributions, on wide-ranging reviews, and on collations of practitioner experiences of using evidence-based good practice. This second edition builds on the first edition by incorporating new experiences and evidence obtained since 2009 as well as user feedback provided as a result of a broad consultation process. The handbook has also been redesigned to make it easier to use.

Climate Change and Human Health

Risks and Responses

Author: Anthony J. McMichael,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241562485

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 322

View: 2110

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This publication, prepared jointly by the WHO, the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, considers the public health challenges arising from global climate change and options for policy responses, with particular focus on the health sector. Aspects discussed include: an overview of historical developments and recent scientific assessments; weather and climate change; population vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of public health systems; the IPCC Third Assessment report; tasks for public health scientists; the health impacts of climate extremes; climate change, infectious diseases and the level of disease burdens; ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health; and methodological issues in monitoring health effects of climate change.

Child Friendly Schools Manual

Author: N.A

Publisher: UNICEF

ISBN: 9280643762

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 204

View: 8418

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This Child-Friendly Schools (CFS) Manual was developed during three-and-a-half years of continuous work, involving the United Nations Children's Fund education staff and specialists from partner agencies working on quality education. It benefits from fieldwork in 155 countries and territories, evaluations carried out by the Regional Offices and desk reviews conducted by headquarters in New York. The manual is a part of a total resource package that includes an e-learning package for capacity-building in the use of CFS models and a collection of field case studies to illustrate the state of the art in child-friendly schools in a variety of settings.

Earth Observation for Water Resources Management

Current Use and Future Opportunities for the Water Sector

Author: Luis García,Diego Rodríguez,Marcus Wijnen,Inge Pakulski

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804761

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 2173

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Water systems are building blocks for poverty alleviation, shared growth, sustainable development, and green growth strategies. They require data from in-situ observation networks. Budgetary and other constraints have taken a toll on their operation and there are many regions in the world where the data are scarce or unreliable. Increasingly, remote sensing satellite-based earth observation is becoming an alternative. This book briefly describes some key global water challenges, perspectives for remote sensing approaches, and their importance for water resources-related activities. It describes eight key types of water resources management variables, a list of sensors that can produce such information, and a description of existing data products with examples. Earth Observation for Water Resources Management provides a series of practical guidelines that can be used by project leaders to decide whether remote sensing may be useful for the problem at hand and suitable data sources to consider if so. The book concludes with a review of the literature on reliability statistics of remote-sensed estimations.