Water Resources and Water Management

Author: M.K. Jermar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870199

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 7815

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The size and number of water projects and other development activities which influence the hydrological cycle have reached such proportions that the majority of problems involved extend beyond the boundaries of the traditional disciplines of hydraulics, hydrochemistry, hydrology and hydrogeology. New scientific methods for the solution of the contemporary problems in water management include analogy, operation research, system analysis and cybernetics. The distinctive features of these methods are their emphasis on measurement and on the use of conceptual models described in quantitative terms, the verification of their theoretical predictions, and their awareness that concepts are conditional and subject to growth and continuous change. This new approach should be defined within the framework of water resources management, i.e. within a complex of activities whose objective is the optimum utilization of water resources with regard to their quality and availability and the requirements of society. These water management activities should at the same time also ensure an optimum living environment, above all through protection of water resources against deterioration and exhaustion as well as through the protection of society against the harmful effects of water. In the course of these activities water resources management should avail itself of the entire spectrum of explicit sciences, gradually coming to form the sphere of its own theory. This monograph deals with the fundamental interdisciplinary problems of this complex sphere, an understanding of which is indispensable for successful water resources management in the widest sense of its social functions and environmental consequences. Thus, a common basis is provided for the mutual understanding of specialists from different backgrounds.

GIS for Water Resource and Watershed Management

Author: John G. Lyon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203217917

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 9690

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The use of GIS, and its application for solving environmental problems is growing rapidly. This powerful set of tools can be used to great effect in hydrological modeling, environment and habitat assessments, ecosystem studies, monitoring of wetlands and forested watersheds, urban studies, agricultural impact assessment and much more. GIS for Watershed and Water Resource Management explains the fundamentals, demonstrates new approaches, techniques and methods, and provides examples of real applications. It presents the basic concepts, and shows how to acquire the critical information needed to plan and implement GIS studies, and develop practical solutions for environmental management and problem solving.

Competition for Water Resources

Experiences and Management Approaches in the US and Europe

Author: Jadwiga R Ziolkowska,Jeffrey M Peterson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128032383

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 5247

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Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the U.S. and Europe addresses the escalation of global issues regarding water scarcity and the necessary, cost-effective strategies that must be put in place in order to deal with escalating water crisis. The book evaluates use and competition for water resources in the U.S. and Europe, emphasizing the problems and challenges of dealing with tradeoffs in water. In addition, the book discusses water management strategies that can be used to optimize water use and allocation, mitigate water scarcity, and adapt to water scarcity. Supplementing the numerous case studies, the book includes lessons learned from applying specific strategies and approaches. This comprehensive overview and comparison of management practices across two continents is an invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, and educators in water. Provides a national and regional perspective through the use of country specific case study examples Includes a comparative analysis between the U.S. and Europe, illustrating experiences in water management from two sides of the Atlantic Covers interdisciplinary topics related to water, such as agriculture and energy

Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change

A North-South Analysis

Author: Eric Craswell,Mike Bonnell,Deborah Bossio,Siegfried Demuth,Nick van de Giesen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402055919

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 373

View: 9955

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This book presents papers from an international conference, held in Bonn, Germany in February 2005, that dealt with integrated water resources management in industrialized and developing countries. The papers detail such emerging concepts as blue and green water, virtual water, the water footprints of nations, multi-agent modeling, linkages between water and biodiversity, and social learning and adaptive management.

Climatic Changes and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Fathi Zereini,Heinz Hötzl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540850473

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 5003

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"Climatic Change and Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa" is dedicated to high-priority topics related to the impact of climate change on water resources in a water scarce region. The subject is described and discussed in three main chapters and different case studies. The three main chapters are (1) Climatic changes - sources and effects on the water cycle, (2) Impact of climate change on water resources, (3) Water resources and water management. These chapters are split up into further 26 sections. A total of 64 individuals from many countries have made contributions to this book. All topics in this book are complimentary and contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between global climate change, world water cycle and water resources. A valuable and meaningful interdisciplinary mixture of topics is combined in this book which will be of great interest to many scientists.

Management of Water Resources in Agriculture

Author: U S Sree Ramulu

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122411751

Category: Irrigation

Page: 159

View: 6102

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Rapid Industrialisation Coupled With Population Explosion Has Resulted In Greater Urbanisation. Because Of These, The Water That Was Available For Agriculture Is Now Being Shared By Various Sectors. This Has Resulted In A Gradual Decline In Per Capita Land And Water Availability. At The Same Time The Need To Increase The Food Production To Feed The Increasing Population Is Being Increasingly Felt. Mismanagement Of Available Water Has Added One More Dimension To This Problem Resulting In Development Of Problem Soils, Thus Causing Reduction In The Production Per Unit Quantity Of Water. Hence It Has Become Absolutely Necessary To Use The Available Water Resources In Such A Manner As To Get The Maximum Returns Per Unit Quantity Of Water. At Present No Book Covers The Multifaceted Nature Of This Problem. Hence In This Book All Aspects Like Methods Of Irrigation, Measurement Of Water, Quality Of Waters, Water Requirements Of Crops, Scheduling Of Irrigation, Water Budgeting, Irrigation Efficiency, Drainage, Recycling, Agronomy, Soil Science, Crop Physiological Aspects Of Irrigation System, Etc. Have Been Covered. A Separate Section Of Constraints And Weakness In The Current Water Management Practices Is Also Included In This Book.This Book Will Be Of Great Help To The Administrators Dealing With Water Management, Water Technologists, Scholars And Farmers Who Are Taking Steps To Maximise The Benefits Of The Available Water Resources On The Scientific Basis To Get The Higher Productivity Of Water.

Hydrology and Water Resources of India

Author: Sharad K. Jain,Pushpendra K. Agarwal,Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402051808

Category: Science

Page: 1260

View: 1637

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India is endowed with varied topographical features, such as high mountains, extensive plateaus, and wide plains traversed by mighty rivers. Divided into four sections this book provides a comprehensive overview of water resources of India. A detailed treatment of all major river basins is provided. This is followed by a discussion on major uses of water in India. Finally, the closing chapters discuss views on water management policy for India.

Integrated Water Resource Management

An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Neil S. Grigg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137576154

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 3143

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This book addresses the enormous global challenge of providing balanced and sustainable solutions to urgent water problems. The author explores our dependence on access to safe water and other water-related services and how driving forces of the human and natural worlds are degrading this access. The greatest challenges involve conflicts between people and interest groups across all countries, as well as the economic and political difficulties in finding solutions through infrastructure development. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach to Integrated Water Resources Management or IWRM, which provides a set of tools for policy development, planning and organization, assessment, systems analysis, finance, and regulation. The author suggests that IWRM is challenging because of the human element, but that no other process can reconcile the conflicting agendas involved with water management. The broad range of topics covered here, as well as 25 case summaries, will be of interest to scientists, engineers, practitioners, and advanced level students interested in the integrated management of water as a resource.

Water Use, Management, and Planning in the United States

Author: Stephen A. Thompson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080520827

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 371

View: 2960

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Water Use Management, and Planning in the United States is designed with new college classes on water resources in mind. It provides information on hydrology, biology, geology, economics, and geography along with historical water policies and regional regulations. The text reflects the transdisciplinary nature of water resources management, moving between descriptive discussions and quantitative analysis to bridge the social and physical sciences. Also providedare frequent case studies and examples to illustrate real-world applications, and includes sidebars throughout to reinforce major points. This book is a result of the authors years of teaching, giving a prescription for an intelligent integrated systemsapproach to water resources management. Classroom tested Quantitative analyses are accompanied by worked examples Frequent case studies highlight important applications Sidebars reinforce major points and provide parenthetical information

Water Resources Perspectives: Evaluation, Management and Policy

Author: W.W. Wood,A.S. Alsharhan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543680

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 8463

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Many countries in the world have made great efforts, to remedy the water shortage, by providing financial and technical backing, for water desalination, treatment of wastewater and improved management and conservation techniques. Water ministries, universities and research centres have supported scientific research, and applied the most recent technologies, in search of new and alternative water supplies. Laws have been promulgated, economic and public relation campaigns developed, to promote and encourage the practice of efficient water use and the conservation of this scarce commodity. This book covers water resources and management and provides a new vision of water resources management, water conservation and legislations, water law, and modern techniques of water resources investigation.

Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia

Author: M. Monirul Qader Mirza,Q.K Ahmad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203020774

Category: Science

Page: 275

View: 5947

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This book addresses the most pressing water resource issues in South Asia, particularly in relation to climate change and variability. This is a region characterised by abundant water during the monsoon, when devastating floods occur, and by scarcity of water and droughts during the dry period. These extreme events often cause substantial damage to infrastructure, property, livestock and human populations. Agriculture and other key economic sectors suffer greatly during these events. The results of climate and hydrologic models indicate increased vulnerability unless adequate adaptation measures are designed and implemented. Such policies need to rely on a framework that includes active participation of the stakeholders.

Himalayan Glaciers:

Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security

Author: Committee on Himalayan Glaciers, Hydrology, Climate Change, and Implications for Water Security,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309260981

Category: Science

Page: 143

View: 7792

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Scientific evidence shows that most glaciers in South Asia's Hindu Kush Himalayan region are retreating, but the consequences for the region's water supply are unclear, this report finds. The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is the location of several of Asia's great river systems, which provide water for drinking, irrigation, and other uses for about 1.5 billion people. Recent studies show that at lower elevations, glacial retreat is unlikely to cause significant changes in water availability over the next several decades, but other factors, including groundwater depletion and increasing human water use, could have a greater impact. Higher elevation areas could experience altered water flow in some river basins if current rates of glacial retreat continue, but shifts in the location, intensity, and variability of rain and snow due to climate change will likely have a greater impact on regional water supplies. Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security makes recommendations and sets guidelines for the future of climate change and water security in the Himalayan Region. This report emphasizes that social changes, such as changing patterns of water use and water management decisions, are likely to have at least as much of an impact on water demand as environmental factors do on water supply. Water scarcity will likely affect the rural and urban poor most severely, as these groups have the least capacity to move to new locations as needed. It is predicted that the region will become increasingly urbanized as cities expand to absorb migrants in search of economic opportunities. As living standards and populations rise, water use will likely increase-for example, as more people have diets rich in meat, more water will be needed for agricultural use. The effects of future climate change could further exacerbate water stress. Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security explains that changes in the availability of water resources could play an increasing role in political tensions, especially if existing water management institutions do not better account for the social, economic, and ecological complexities of the region. To effectively respond to the effects of climate change, water management systems will need to take into account the social, economic, and ecological complexities of the region. This means it will be important to expand research and monitoring programs to gather more detailed, consistent, and accurate data on demographics, water supply, demand, and scarcity.

Management of Scarce Water Resources

A Middle Eastern Experience

Author: Hazim El-Naser

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 184564414X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 203

View: 5552

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The aim of this book is to provide a practical approach to a wide variety of water related topics. These explore the problems that arid and semi-arid countries face in relation to water resources and water management, using recent case studies as a result of recent and past experience to explore the possible solutions, as well to provide a framework/guideline to assist the practitioner in resolving these problems. The book contains case studies and practical guidelines developed from many years of project management, private sector participation and Ministerial level government appointment in both Water and Irrigated Agriculture. Many solutions were developed for specific problems/tasks, in particular, lessons learned from Management Contracts of water utilities.

Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan

Climate Change and Land-Use Implications

Author: John F. Shroder,Sher Jan Ahmadzai

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128018615

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 9727

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Transboundary Water from Afghanistan: Climate Change, and Land-Use Implications brings together diverse factual material on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources. It is the outgrowth of long-term deep knowledge and experience gained by the authors, as well as the material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies. Afghanistan and Pakistan have high altitude mountains providing vital water supplies that are highly contentious necessities much threatened by climate change, human land-use variation, and political manipulation, which can be managed in new ways that are in need of comprehensive discussions and negotiations between all the riparian nations of the Indus watershed (Afghanistan, China, India, and Pakistan). This book provides a description of the basic topographic configuration of the Kabul River tributary to the Indus river, together will all its tributaries that flow back and forth across the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the basic elements that are involved with the hydrological cycle and its derivatives in the high mountains of the Hindu Kush and Himalaya. Synthesizes information on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources Offers a basic topographic description of the Indus River watershed Provides local water management information not easily available for remote and contentious border areas Delivers access to the newest thinking from chief personnel on both sides of the contentious border Features material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management

An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel P. Loucks,Eelco van Beek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 9153

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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Decision Making in Water Resources Policy and Management

An Australian Perspective

Author: Barry Hart,Jane Doolan

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128105240

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 398

View: 7369

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Decision-Making in Water Resource Policy and Management: An Australian Perspective presents the latest information in developing new decision-making processes. Topics covered include key aspects of water resources planning, recent water resource policy changes in irrigation, urban, and environmental considerations, the evolution of a water market, a number of case studies that provide real examples of improved decision-making, transfer of the Australian experience overseas, and challenges for the future. Many countries are experiencing major water scarcity problems which will likely intensify with the continued impacts of climate change. In response to this challenge, there is increased worldwide focus on the development of more sustainable and integrated water resource policies. The Australian experience over the past three decades has led to major improvements in the decision-making processes in water resources policy and management, particularly in response to drought and climate change, providing a great model on which other nations can use and adapt. This information is essential to early to mid-career practitioners engaged in policy, planning and operational roles in all fields of water resource policy and management, and catchment management. Summarizes key results from three decades of changes in Australian water resource policy Illustrates how Australian knowledge is being used in other countries and how this might be expanded Provides international practitioners with real examples of where and how the Australian knowledge is assisting in other situations

The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources

Author: Hadrian F. Cook

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119970040

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 5072

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Water, policy and procedure -- Water resource availability in Britain -- Institutions and legislation for resource management -- The catchment approach : ways and means -- Sustaining bulk supply : consumption and interference -- Sustaining bulk supply : possible solutions -- Water quality background issues -- Environmental issues of water quality and quantity -- Towards solutions : land use and technical fixes -- Framing water policies : emerging governance arrangements -- The USA, Australasia and Europe : lessons to be learned?

Managing Water Resources in the West Under Conditions of Climate Uncertainty

A Proceedings

Author: Committee on Climate Uncertainty and Water Resources Management,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309584183

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 8945

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The question of whether the earth's climate is changing in some significant human-induced way remains a matter of much debate. But the fact that climate is variable over time is well known. These two elements of climatic uncertainty affect water resources planning and management in the American West. Managing Water Resources in the West Under Conditions of Climate Uncertainty examines the scientific basis for predictions of climate change, the implications of climate uncertainty for water resources management, and the management options available for responding to climate variability and potential climate change.

Sustainable Water Resources Management

Author: Chandra S. P. Ojha,Chih-ming Kao

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780784414767

Category: Water resources development

Page: 1027

View: 5305

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Sustainable Water Resources Management presents the most current thinking on the environmental, social, and political dimensions of sustainably managing the water supply at local, regional, or basin levels.