What is History?

With a new introduction by Richard J. Evans

Author: E. Carr,R. Evans

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781349665518

Category: History

Page: 155

View: 7310

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Since its first publication in 1961 E.H. Carr's What is History? has established itself as the classic introduction to the subject. Ranging across topics such as historical objectivity, society and the individual, the nature of causation, and the possibility of progress, Carr delivered an incisive text that still has the power to provoke debate today. For this fortieth anniversary reissue, Richard J. Evans has written an extensive new introduction that discusses the origins and the impact of the book, and assesses its relevance in the age of twenty-first century postmodernism and epistemological anxiety.

In Defence Of History

Author: Richard J. Evans

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 1847087906

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 3566

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The classic explanation of the craft of history and the vital worth of historians to civilization In this volume, English historian Richard Evans offers a defence of the importance of his craft. At a time when fact and historical truth are under unprecedented assault, Evans shows us why history is necessary. Taking us into the historians' workshop to show us just how good history gets written, he demolishes the wilder claims of postmodern historians, who deny the possibility of any realistic grasp of history, and explains the deadly political dangers of losing a historical perspective on the way we live our lives.

Jesus: Evidence and Argument or Mythicist Myths?

Author: Maurice Casey

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 056701505X

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 5970

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Did Jesus exist? In recent years there has been a massive upsurge in public discussion of the view that Jesus did not exist. This view first found a voice in the 19th century, when Christian views were no longer taken for granted. Some way into the 20th century, this school of thought was largely thought to have been utterly refuted by the results of respectable critical scholarship (from both secular and religious scholars). Now, many unprofessional scholars and bloggers ('mythicists'), are gaining an increasingly large following for a view many think to be unsupportable. It is starting to influence the academy, more than that it is starting to influence the views of the public about a crucial historical figure. Maurice Casey, one of the most important Historical Jesus scholars of his generation takes the 'mythicists' to task in this landmark publication. Casey argues neither from a religious respective, nor from that of a committed atheist. Rather he seeks to provide a clear view of what can be said about Jesus, and of what can't.

The Sword and the Stylus

An Introduction to Wisdom in the Age of Empires

Author: Leo G. Perdue

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802862454

Category: Religion

Page: 502

View: 7967

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The all-too-frequent disregard of historical and social contexts by many wisdom scholars often leads to the distortion of this literature and transforms its teachings into abstract ideas lacking any incarnation in the social and historical world of human living. Leo Perdue here argues from a sociohistorical approach that the proper understanding of ancient wisdom literature requires one to move out of the realm of philosophical idealism into the flesh and blood of human history. Arguing that wisdom was international in practice and outlook, Perdue traces the interaction between both ruling and subject nations and their sages who produced their respective cultures and their foundational worldviews. While not always easy to reconstruct, he acknowledges, the historical and social settings of texts provide necessary contexts for interpretation and engagement by later readers and hearers. Wisdom texts did not transcend their life settings to espouse values regardless of time and circumstance. Rather, they are located in a variety of historical events in an evolving nation, reflecting a vast array of different and changing moral systems, epistemologies, and religious understandings.

Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past

Author: Robert Legvold

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231512176

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 6046

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Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.

Diversity and Standardization

Perspectives on ancient Near Eastern cultural history

Author: Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum,Jörg Klinger,Gerfrid G. W. Müller

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050057572

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 4359

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Die Grenzen des Alten Orients in Raum und Zeit sind unscharf, seine Forschungsgegenstände unterliegen kontinuierlichem Wandel. In dem Maß, in dem die Diversitäten im Alten Orient an Kontur gewinnen, treten auch die Gemeinsamkeiten deutlicher hervor. Dies lenkt den Blick auf Vielfalt und Normierung als Kategorien kulturgeschichtlicher Betrachtung.

Lebenszeugnisse und politische Memoiren

Author: Magnus Brechtken

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3899719786

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 290

View: 3351

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English summary: The variety of approaches and intellectual reflections in Memory Studies has accumulated a new knowledge base for any scholar who ventures to research on memory, memorialization and remembrance. The influence of post-modern theories over the past decades has raised the awareness that every autobiographical story can, and indeed should, also be analysed with respect to the construction of the identity it displays, the genres it uses and the topoi and motifs it reflects. The combination of undogmatic approaches and elements of cultural memory studies promises a differentiated understanding of how these autobiographical narratives are constructed, how they influence discourses and where their limits lie. This opens a whole new field for the analysis of life writing and political memoir. This volume encompasses a variety of examples which prove the usefulness and productivity of such an approach. As a result of interdisciplinary collaboration it aims to trigger further cooperation and discourse. German description: Dieser Band fasst internationale interdisziplinare Forschungsbeitrage zu Memory Studies zusammen und enthalt aktuelle Ergebnisse zur Diskussion uber Memorien, Autobiographien, politische Erinnerungen und Life Writing. Der Band liefert eine Fulle neuer Erkenntnisse wie Erinnungen gesellschaftliche Diskussionen pragen und unser Geschichtsbild beeinflussen. Er spiegelt die Vielfalt jungerer Forschungsergebnisse in Geschichte, Literatur und Politik. Er illustriert den Nutzen und die Fruchtbarkeit des Dialogs in den Memory Studies uber Fachergrenzen hinweg und bietet eine Fulle von Anregungen fur die weitere Forschung.

Rewriting German History

New Perspectives on Modern Germany

Author: Jan Rüger,Nikolaus Wachsmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137347791

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 8949

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Rewriting German History offers striking new insights into key debates about the recent German past. Bringing together cutting-edge research and current discussions, this volume examines developments in the writing of the German past since the Second World War and suggests new directions for scholarship in the twenty-first century.

Der deutsche Krieg

1939 - 1945

Author: Nicholas Stargardt

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035032

Category: History

Page: 848

View: 4712

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Einzigartig und fesselnd erzählt der renommierte Oxford-Historiker Nicholas Stargardt in ›Der Deutsche Krieg‹ aus der Nahsicht, wie die Deutschen – Soldaten, Lehrer, Krankenschwestern, Nationalsozialisten, Christen und Juden – den Zweiten Weltkrieg durchlebten. Tag für Tag erleben wir mit, worauf sie hofften, was sie schockierte, worüber sie schwiegen und wie sich ihre Sicht auf den Krieg allmählich wandelte. Gestützt auf zahllose Tagebücher und Briefe, unter anderem von Heinrich Böll und Victor Klemperer, Wilm Hosenfeld und Konrad Jarausch, gelingt Nicholas Stargardt ein Blick in die Köpfe der Menschen, der deutlich macht, warum so viele Deutsche noch an die nationale Sache glaubten, als der Krieg längst verloren war und die Gewissheit wuchs, an einem Völkermord teilzuhaben. Ein verstörendes Kaleidoskop der Jahre 1939 bis 1945 im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland. »Ein Meisterwerk der Geschichtsschreibung, das die ›Vogelperspektive‹ nahtlos mit einer Mikrogeschichte dieser verhängnisvollen Periode des 20. Jahrhunderts verbindet.« Jan T. Gross »Erstmals wird die Chronologie der Stimmung, der Hoffnungen und Befürchtungen (...) der deutschen Bevölkerung während des Krieges wirklich sichtbar. Eine eindrucksvolle, fesselnde Darstellung.« Mark Roseman »Hervorragend geschrieben und in seiner Argumentation überzeugend, ist dieses Buch ein Muss.« Saul Friedländer

Society and Politics in Wilhelmine Germany (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Richard J. Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317553012

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 3290

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In the search for the causes of the First World War and the origins of Hitler’s ‘Third Reich’, the attention of historians has turned increasingly towards the development of German society under Kaiser Wilhelm II. These ten essays, first published in 1978, introduced interpretations of Wilhelmine Germany to an English-speaking audience and contributed towards the discussion of these interpretations that were taking place amongst German historians. This book is ideal for student of history, particularly German history.

Abingdon New Testament Commentaries: Luke

Author: Robert C. Tannehill

Publisher: Abingdon Press

ISBN: 1426750471

Category: Religion

Page: 228

View: 7465

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The Abingdon New Testament Commentaries series offers compact, critical commentaries on the writings of the New Testament. These commentaries are written with special attention to the needs and interests of theology students, but they will also be useful for students in upper-level college or university settings, as well as for pastors and other church leaders. In addition to providing basic information about the New Testament texts and insights into their meanings, these commentaries exemplify the tasks and procedures of careful, critical exegesis. In this volume, Robert C. Tannehill focuses on the significance of the Gospel of Luke in its final form for its original audience. Drawing on his own extensive previous work on Luke as a literary narrative as well as on recent studies of the ancient Mediterranean social world, Tannehill suggests that modern readers will find that certain features of Luke’s Gospel only take on significance—or deeper significance—when matched with an appropriate historical and cultural context in the first century. “This commentary is designed to meet the needs of sophisticated nonspecialist students of the Bible. The evangelist’s literary genius, frequently displayed in multivalent diction and imagery, finds in Robert Tannehill a faithful and sensitive interpreter. Social-scientific criticism, use of cultural anthropology, and frequent correction of renderings in the New Revised Standard Version appear without undue intrusiveness. This is a work well done.” –Frederick W. Danker, Christ Seminary-Seminex/ Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago

Black Earth

Der Holocaust und warum er sich wiederholen kann

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406684157

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 5167

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Der Holocaust begann an einem dunklen Ort – in Hitlers Kopf: Die Eliminierung der Juden würde das ökologische Gleichgewicht des Planeten wiederherstellen und Deutschland die Ressourcen verschaffen, die es dringend benötigte. Timothy Snyders aufsehenerregendes Buch beginnt damit, wie Hitler die Welt sah. Atemberaubend intensiv schildert Black Earth, was geschah, wie es geschah und warum es geschah. Und es endet mit einer Warnung: Wir sollten uns nicht zu sicher sein. Wir sind nicht so weit entfernt von jenen Ängsten, die den Holocaust ermöglicht haben, wie wir glauben. Wir haben uns daran gewöhnt, den Holocaust als Todesfabrik zu sehen, in Gang gesetzt von Bürokratien des Bösen. Doch als die Gaskammern in Betrieb gingen, waren bereits mehr als eine Million Juden tot: erschossen aus nächster Nähe vor Gruben und Schluchten. Sie wurden in den Todeszonen ermordet, die in einem deutschen Kolonialkrieg im Osten geschaffen worden waren, viele davon auf der fruchtbaren schwarzen Erde, von der die Deutschen meinten, sie würde künftig ihr Überleben sichern. Es hat etwas Beruhigendes zu glauben, der Holocaust sei ein völlig singulärer Vorgang gewesen. Doch Timothy Snyder zeigt, dass wir an einigen der wichtigsten historischen Lehren vorbeigehen, die wir aus dem Holocaust ziehen können, wenn wir nicht sehr genau hinschauen, welche Faktoren und Bedingungen ihn ermöglicht haben. Sein Bestseller Bloodlands war eine innovative Erkundung der Ereignisse in Osteuropa zwischen 1933 und 1945, als die Politik der Nationalsozialisten und der Sowjets den Tod von 14 Millionen Menschen verursachten. Black Earth ist eine nicht weniger eindringliche Auseinandersetzung mit den Ideen und der Politik, die den schlimmsten Massenmord des Jahrhunderts ermöglicht haben: den Holocaust.

The Rationale Divinorum Officiorum of William Durand of Mende

A New Translation of the Prologue and Book One

Author: Timothy M. Thibodeau

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151221X

Category: Religion

Page: 168

View: 9596

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The Rationale Divinorum Officiorum is arguably the most important medieval treatise on the symbolism of church architecture and rituals of worship. Written by the French bishop William Durand of Mende (1230-1296), the treatise is ranked with the Bible as one of the most frequently copied and disseminated texts in all of medieval Christianity. It served as an encyclopedic compendium and textbook for liturgists and remains an indispensable guide for understanding the significance of medieval ecclesiastical art and worship ceremonies. This book marks the first English translation of the prologue and book one of the Rationale in almost two centuries. Timothy M. Thibodeau begins with a brief biography of William Durand and a discussion of the importance of the work during its time. Thibodeau compares previous translations of the Rationale in the medieval period and afterward. Then he presents his translation of the prologue and book one. The prologue discusses the principles of allegorical interpretation of the liturgy, while book one features detailed descriptions of the various parts of the church and its ecclesiastical ornaments. It also features extensive commentary on cemeteries, various rites of consecration and dedication, and a discussion of the sacraments. Thibodeau is a well-respected historian who has published extensively on the history of Christianity and the liturgy of the medieval Church. He is also coeditor of the critical edition of the Rationale in Latin. His translation is an indispensable guide for both scholars and general readers who hope to gain a richer understanding of medieval art, architecture, and culture.

Von Zeit und Macht

Herrschaft und Geschichtsbild vom Großen Kurfürsten bis zu den Nationalsozialisten

Author: Christopher Clark

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641231639

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8101

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Worauf gründen sich Macht und Herrschaft? Wie entsteht Macht? Wie wird sie begründet und erhalten? Und in welchem Verhältnis stehen Macht und Zeit? Dies sind die großen Fragen, denen sich Christopher Clark hier widmet. Wer Macht hat, verortet sich in der Zeit. ‎Er begreift sich als Teil der Geschichte und schafft damit das Geschichtsbild seiner Epoche. Vier solcher Geschichtsbilder betrachtet dieses Buch: das des Großen Kurfürsten von Brandenburg, Friedrichs II. von Preußen, Bismarcks und der Nationalsozialisten. Geschrieben während der Brexit-Ereignisse, Trumps Präsidentschaft und Putins vierter Amtszeit ist dieses Buch nicht nur ein großes Geschichtswerk, sondern lehrt uns auch viel über unsere eigene Epoche und deren Strukturen von Selbstlegitimation, Machtverständnis und Machterhalt.

Der Churchill-Faktor

Author: Boris Johnson

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608101128

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 472

View: 9170

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Mit fulminanter Erzählfreude und einem pointensicheren Gespür für die erhellende Anekdote schildert Boris Johnson Leben und Charakter des bedeutendsten britischen Staatsmannes des 20. Jahrhunderts (1874 –1965). Fasziniert von der Einmaligkeit, dem Humor und Sprachwitz, dem Abenteurertum, den politischen und literarisch-künstlerischen Leistungen seines Helden, hat er eine ebenso kenntnisreiche wie hinreißende Liebeserklärung an Winston S. Churchill verfasst. Mit britischer Nonchalance zeigt Johnson, was die Jahrhundertgestalt Churchill jedem von uns heute noch bedeuten kann.

Nazi Germany

Author: Jane Caplan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191647748

Category: History

Page: 344

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The history of National Socialism as movement and regime remains one of the most compelling and intensively studied aspects of twentieth-century history, and one whose significance extends far beyond Germany or even Europe alone. This volume presents an up-to-date and authoritative introduction to the history of Nazi Germany, with ten chapters on the most important themes, each by an expert in the field. Following an introduction which sets out the challenges this period of history has posed to historians since 1945, contributors explain how Nazism emerged as ideology and political movement; how Hitler and his party took power and remade the German state; and how the Nazi 'national community' was organized around a radical and eventually lethal distinction between the 'included' and the 'excluded'. Further chapters discuss the complex relationship between Nazism and Germany's religious faiths; the perverse economic rationality of the regime; the path to war laid down by Hitler's foreign policy; and the intricate and intimate intertwining of war and genocide, with a final chapter on the aftermath of National Socialism in postwar German history and memory.

Damned Nation

Hell in America from the Revolution to Reconstruction

Author: Kathryn Gin Lum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199375186

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 2084

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Among the pressing concerns of Americans in the first century of nationhood were day-to-day survival, political harmony, exploration of the continent, foreign policy, and--fixed deeply in the collective consciousness--hell and eternal damnation. The fear of fire and brimstone and the worm that never dies exerted a profound and lasting influence on Americans' ideas about themselves, their neighbors, and the rest of the world. Kathryn Gin Lum poses a number of vital questions: Why did the fear of hell survive Enlightenment critiques in America, after largely subsiding in Europe and elsewhere? What were the consequences for early and antebellum Americans of living with the fear of seeing themselves and many people they knew eternally damned? How did they live under the weighty obligation to save as many souls as possible? What about those who rejected this sense of obligation and fear? Gin Lum shows that beneath early Americans' vaunted millennial optimism lurked a pervasive anxiety: that rather than being favored by God, they and their nation might be the object of divine wrath. As time-honored social hierarchies crumbled before revival fire, economic unease, and political chaos, "saved" and "damned" became as crucial distinctions as race, class, and gender. The threat of damnation became an impetus for or deterrent from all kinds of behaviors, from reading novels to owning slaves. Gin Lum tracks the idea of hell from the Revolution to Reconstruction. She considers the ideas of theological leaders like Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney, as well as those of ordinary women and men. She discusses the views of Native Americans, Americans of European and African descent, residents of Northern insane asylums and Southern plantations, New England's clergy and missionaries overseas, and even proponents of Swedenborgianism and annihilationism. Damned Nation offers a captivating account of an idea that played a transformative role in America's intellectual and cultural history.