Where We Stand : Issues and Debates in Ancient Jerusalem

Author: Jacob Neusner,Alan Jeffery Avery-Peck

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004112827

Category: Religion

Page: 228

View: 6109

This collection of systematic "Auseinandersetzungen" articulates difference and spells out what is at issue. Learning atrophies when political consensus substitutes for criticism, and when other than broadly-accepted viewpoints, approaches, and readings find a hearing only with difficulty, if at all. The editors therefore have invited colleagues systematically to outline their views in an "Auseinandersetzung" with contrary ones. The several participants explain how, in broad and sweeping terms, they see the state of learning in their areas of special interest. The editors invited leading players in the USA, Europe, and the State of Israel, in the study of ancient Judaism, both in Second Temple Times and after 70 C.E. The work commences with a thoroughly fresh perspective of a theoretical question: what, in a religion so concerned with social norms and public policy, can we possibly mean by "law" when we speak of law in Judaism. It then proceeds with two chapters on Second Temple Judaism, and two on the special subject of the Dead Sea library. The two papers in the present part provide an overview of matters and a systematic, critical account of the fading consensus, respectively. The next set of papers ought to stand as the definitive account of the diverse viewpoints on a basic question of method. Because of the willingness of contending parties to meet one another in a single frame of discourse, the work is able to portray with considerable breadth the presently-contending viewpoints concerning the use of Rabbinic literature for historical purposes. Then proceed a number of other accounts of how matters look from the perspective of major participants in scholarly debate. At the sametime as the requirements of historical-critical reading of the Rabbinic literature precipitated sustained and vigorous debate, other problems have attracted attention. Among these a critical issue emerges in the hermeneutics to govern the reading of the documents for the purposes of other-than-historical study, feminist interests, for example.

Judaism in Late Antiquity 3. Where we Stand: Issues and Debates in Ancient Judaism

Author: Alan Avery-Peck,Jacob Neusner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004294171

Category: Reference

Page: 208

View: 2822

What, in Judaism, is meant by "law" - is the fresh perspective in which this work is presented. The volume provides first an overview, followed by a systematic, critical account of the fading consensus. In a number of accounts, the different perspectives are presented in scholarly debate.

Von Jerusalem zu Aelia Capitolina

Die römische Politik gegenüber den Juden von Vespasian bis Hadrian

Author: Christopher Weikert

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647208698

Category: History

Page: 425

View: 9905

Im Jahr 70 n. Chr. wurde Jerusalem bei der Niederschlagung des Jüdischen Aufstands von den Römern zerstört. Die Gründung der römischen Kolonie Aelia Capitolina an ihrer Stelle löste den Bar Kochba-Aufstand (132–136) aus, dessen Rom nur mühsam Herr werden konnte. Neben diesen Ereignissen legt der blutige Aufstand der jüdischen Diaspora (116–117) nahe, dass das Verhältnis zwischen Römern und Juden in diesen Jahren außergewöhnlich schlecht war.Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die römische Politik gegenüber den Juden in diesem Zeitraum umfassend anhand der disparaten Quellen, aus denen bis heute sich widersprechende Hypothesen zur Erklärung der krisenhaften Entwicklung gebildet werden.Den Ausgangspunkt der Untersuchung stellt der römische Bürgerkrieg im sogenannten Vierkaiserjahr 69 n. Chr. dar, in dem Vespasian die Herrschaft erringen und eine neue – die flavische – Dynastie begründen konnte. Den Sieg über die Juden rückte er aus legitimatorischen Gründen in den Mittelpunkt seiner Außendarstellung, um seinen gewaltsamen Griff nach der Macht in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung zu überdecken. Judäa, das als Zentrum und Heimat der Juden bisher weitgehende religiöse Autonomie genossen hatte, wurde nun immer mehr wie die übrigen Provinzen des Römischen Reiches behandelt. Bei konservativen Juden stieß diese Entwicklung, die aus römischer Sicht in der Regel verwaltungspolitischen Notwendigkeiten folgte, ohne bewusst antijüdisch zu sein, zunehmend auf Widerstand.

Ancient Synagogue Seating Capacities

Methodology, Analysis and Limits

Author: Chad S. Spigel

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161518799

Category: Religion

Page: 406

View: 3576

Revised and expanded thesis (Ph.D.) - Duke University, Durham, NC, 2008.

What Athens Has to Do with Jerusalem

Essays on Classical, Jewish, and Early Christian Art and Archaeology in Honor of Gideon Foerster

Author: G. Foerster,Leonard Victor Rutgers

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: 9789042911222

Category: Art

Page: 600

View: 7029

In the present volume, scholars from Europe, the United States, and Israel join forces to honor a most esteemed colleague and friend, Gideon Foerster, professor of classical archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The essays included in this volume all present new archaeological, epigraphical, and literary evidence, which derives from a variety of sites including Jerusalem, Qumran, the Gaza strip, Samaria-Sebaste, Caesarea, Beth Shean, the Galilee, and several sites outside the Land of Israel. The book is not only essential for those wishing to familiarize themselves with the latest discoveries and developments in the field of classical, Jewish, and early Christian archaeology. It is also a valuable resource for scholars interested in the larger historical question of how Jews interacted with their non-Jewish contemporaries during Roman, late antique, and early medieval times.

The Judaism of Qumran

a systemic reading of the Dead Sea scrolls

Author: Alan Jeffery Avery-Peck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789004120013

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 9589


The Sepphoris Synagogue

Deciphering an Ancient Message Through Its Archaeological and Socio-historical Contexts

Author: Zeʼev Weiss

Publisher: N.A


Category: Decoration and ornament, Architectural

Page: 360

View: 4241


The Ancient Synagogue from Its Origins Until 200 C.E.

Papers Presented at an International Conference at Lund University, October 14-17, 2001

Author: Birger Olsson,Magnus Zetterholm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789122020288

Category: Religion

Page: 571

View: 1476

"The renewed intensity during the first part of the 90's of the debate concerning the ancient synagogue was a major influence on the decision to start the synagogue project in Lund: ""The Ancient Synagogue: Birthplace of Two World Religions"". On the basis o"

Tel Aviv

Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: N.A

View: 9561


Eichmann in Jerusalem

Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492962580

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 2792

Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.

The archaeology of the early Islamic settlement in Palestine

Author: Jodi Magness

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 233

View: 7532

There is a common perception that the Muslim conquest of Palestine in the seventh century C.E. caused a decline in the number and prosperity of settlements throughout the country. The role played by archaeology in perpetuating this view, claims Magness, is particularly insidious, because it is perceived, rightly or wrongly, as providing "scientific" (and therefore "objective") data. Thus, archaeological evidence is frequently cited by scholars as proof or confirmation that Palestine declined after the Muslim conquest, and especially after the rise of the Abbasids in the mid-eighth century. Instead, Magness argues that the archaeological evidence supports the idea that Palestine and Syria experienced a tremendous growth in population and prosperity between the mid-sixth and mid-seventh centuries.

Diaspora Judaism in Turmoil, 116/117 CE

Ancient Sources and Modern Insights

Author: Miriam Pucci Ben Zeev

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers


Category: History

Page: 302

View: 4316

Between the two wars fought in Judaea against the Roman government - the 'Great War' and that of Bar Kochba - the uprisings of Diaspora Jews toward the end of Trajan's reign constitute a unique event in the history of the Second Jewish Commonwealth. It marks the first and only episode of Jewish violence on a grand scale to take place outside Judaea, and at the same time the only instance of simultaneous outbursts in different geographical places - Libya, Egypt, Cyprus and Mesopotamia, and apparently Judaea as well. What happened exactly? Where did the Jews get their arms from and for how long did they succeed in resisting the impact of the Roman legions? Generations of scholars accepted the statement of Eusebius that the uprisings started in 115 CE, but the possibility has been recently put forward that the revolt broke out, instead, only in 116. Moreover, what was the order in which the upheavals took place: the traditional one - Libya, Egypt, Cyprus and Mesopotamia - as most scholars believe following the testimony of Eusebius, or, rather, is the correct order the opposite? If, in fact, the Jews of Mesopotamia were the first to take up arms, the events that took place in the East would have been determinant in fomenting the uprisings in the western Mediterranean region. An assessment of the new theories is a must and involves a reconsideration both of the literary accounts and their own sources and of other kinds of information available, including the ostraca found in Egypt and a number of papyri either recently discovered or only now ascribed to the events of these upheavals. The first part of this work presents here, for the first time, a full collection of the epigraphical, papyrological, and historical sources of pagan, Christian and Jewish origin dealing with these events, in their original language and in English translation. In the second part, a fresh reading, both of the sources and of scholarly views, leads Miriam Pucci Ben Zeev to new interpretations of events in Egypt, Mesopotamia and Judaea and to a new chronology, which enables her to reach surprising conclusions concerning a possible interrelationship between the upheavals in the different countries.

History and the Hebrew Bible

Studies in Ancient Israelite and Ancient Near Eastern Historiography

Author: Hans M. Barstad

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161498091

Category: Religion

Page: 223

View: 3235

In this collection of essays, Hans M. Barstad deals thoroughly with the recent history debate, and demonstrates its relevancy for the study of ancient Israelite history and historiography. He takes an independent stand in the heated maximalist/minimalist debate on the historicity of the Hebrew Bible. Vital to his understanding is the necessity to realize the narrative nature of the ancient Hebrew and of the Near Eastern sources. Equally important is his claim that stories, too, may convey positivistic historical "facts." The other major topic he deals with in the book is the actual history of ancient Judah in the Neo-Babylonian and Persian periods. Here, the author makes extensive use of extant ancient Near Eastern sources, both textual and archaeological, and he puts much weight on economic aspects. He shows that the key to understanding the role of Judah in the 1st millennium lays in the proper evaluation of Judah and its neighbouring city states within their respective imperial contexts. A proper understanding of the history of Judah during the 6th century BCE, consequently, can only be obtained when Judah is studied as a part of the much wider Neo-Babylonian imperial policy.

Judaism and Its Social Metaphors

Israel in the History of Jewish Thought

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521354714

Category: Religion

Page: 258

View: 826

Jacob Neusner examines the crucial role of the definition of Israel in the history of Judaic thought. The history of the definition of Israel is revealed as the reflection of the history of Judaism itself. This is a bold and original interpretation of the way in which Jews, as well as other peoples, define themselves.


Exposing Popular Myths about Christianity

Author: Fred von Kamecke

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0310314356

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 2017

You can’t trust the Bible; it’s been translated too many times. Jesus never claimed to be the Messiah or God. Science has proven that miracles don’t happen (so the Bible is a fairytale). All religions basically teach the same thing (so all paths lead to God). Have you heard these? People say a lot of things about the Bible, God, Jesus, and Christianity that are simply not true. Like the guys on the popular cable show Mythbusters, it’s time we put these commonly held myths to the test. Following a brief summary of a recurring myth or misconception about the Christian faith, Fred explains why the myth is false and provides biblical and historical evidence in his response. He masterfully weaves together serious discussion with a touch of humor in his responses, all the while keeping the focus on the Scriptures. He avoids making fun of the people who hold views which differ from his own, but the views themselves are fair game. So grab a cup of coffee and find a cozy corner. Let’s do a little myth busting of our own.