Why the Cocks Fight

Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 1466867884

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 8604

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Like two roosters in a fighting arena, Haiti and the Dominican Republic are encircled by barriers of geography and poverty. They co-inhabit the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, but their histories are as deeply divided as their cultures: one French-speaking and black, one Spanish-speaking and mulatto. Yet, despite their antagonism, the two countries share a national symbol in the rooster--and a fundamental activity and favorite sport in the cockfight. In this book, Michele Wucker asks: "If the symbols that dominate a culture accurately express a nation's character, what kind of a country draws so heavily on images of cockfighting and roosters, birds bred to be aggressive? What does it mean when not one but two countries that are neighbors choose these symbols? Why do the cocks fight, and why do humans watch and glorify them?" Wucker studies the cockfight ritual in considerable detail, focusing as much on the customs and histories of these two nations as on their contemporary lifestyles and politics. Her well-cited and comprehensive volume also explores the relations of each nation toward the United States, which twice invaded both Haiti (in 1915 and 1994) and the Dominican Republic (in 1916 and 1965) during the twentieth century. Just as the owners of gamecocks contrive battles between their birds as a way of playing out human conflicts, Wucker argues, Haitian and Dominican leaders often stir up nationalist disputes and exaggerate their cultural and racial differences as a way of deflecting other kinds of turmoil. Thus Why the Cocks Fight highlights the factors in Caribbean history that still affect Hispaniola today, including the often contradictory policies of the U.S.

Lockout

Why America Keeps Getting Immigration Wrong When Our Prosperity Depends on Getting It Right

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Public Affairs

ISBN: 9781586485238

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 9137

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Explores the current conflict within the United States about immigration policies, discussing the idea that immigrants must relinquish their native culture to fully assimilate into society and how this directly contradicts America's history of immigration.

The Farming of Bones

Author: Edwidge Danticat

Publisher: Soho Press

ISBN: 1569479291

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 9990

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It is 1937 and Amabelle Désir, a young Haitian woman living in the Dominican Republic, has built herself a life as the servant and companion of the wife of a wealthy colonel. She and Sebastien, a cane worker, are deeply in love and plan to marry. But Amabelle's world collapses when a wave of genocidal violence, driven by Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, leads to the slaughter of Haitian workers. Amabelle and Sebastien are separated, and she desperately flees the tide of violence for a Haiti she barely remembers. Already acknowledged as a classic, this harrowing story of love and survival—from one of the most important voices of her generation—is an unforgettable memorial to the victims of the Parsley Massacre and a testimony to the power of human memory. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Haitian-Dominican Counterpoint

Nation, State, and Race on Hispaniola

Author: E. Matibag

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403973806

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 7535

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What would the island of Hispaniola look like if viewed as a loosely connected system? That is the question Haitian-Dominican Counterpointseeks to answer as it surveys the insular space shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic throughout their parallel histories. For beneath the familiar tale of hostilities, the systemic perspective reveals a lesser-known, "unitarian" narrative of interdependencies and reciprocal influences shaping each country'sidentity. In view of the sociocultural and economic linkages connecting the two countries, their relations would have to resemble not so much acockfight (the conventional metaphor) as a serial and polyrhythmic counterpoint.

Natural Experiments of History

Author: Jared Diamond,James A. Robinson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674076710

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 1621

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In eight case studies by leading scholars in history, archaeology, business, economics, geography, and political science, the authors showcase the “natural experiment” or “comparative method”—well-known in any science concerned with the past—on the discipline of human history. That means, according to the editors, “comparing, preferably quantitatively and aided by statistical analyses, different systems that are similar in many respects, but that differ with respect to the factors whose influence one wishes to study.” The case studies in the book support two overall conclusions about the study of human history: First, historical comparisons have the potential for yielding insights that cannot be extracted from a single case study alone. Second, insofar as is possible, when one proposes a conclusion, one may be able to strengthen one’s conclusion by gathering quantitative evidence (or at least ranking one’s outcomes from big to small), and then by testing the conclusion’s validity statistically.

Ethnic Groups of the Americas

An Encyclopedia

Author: James Minahan

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610691636

Category: Social Science

Page: 411

View: 8578

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Intended to help students explore ethnic identity—one of the most important issues of the 21st century—this concise, one-stop reference presents rigorously researched content on the national groups and ethnicities of North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Nation Building, State Building, and Economic Development: Case Studies and Comparisons

Case Studies and Comparisons

Author: Sarah C.M. Paine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317464087

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 6670

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Why do some countries remain poor and dysfunctional while others thrive and become affluent? The expert contributors to this volume seek to identify reasons why prosperity has increased rapidly in some countries but not others by constructing and comparing cases. The case studies focus on the processes of nation building, state building, and economic development in comparably situated countries over the past hundred years. Part I considers the colonial legacy of India, Algeria, the Philippines, and Manchuria. In Part II, the analysis shifts to the anticolonial development strategies of Soviet Russia, Ataturk's Turkey, Mao's China, and Nasser's Egypt. Part III is devoted to paired cases, in which ostensibly similar environments yielded very different outcomes: Haiti and the Dominican Republic; Jordan and Israel; the Republic of the Congo and neighboring Gabon; North Korea and South Korea; and, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. All the studies examine the combined constraints and opportunities facing policy makers, their policy objectives, and the effectiveness of their strategies. The concluding chapter distills what these cases can tell us about successful development - with findings that do not validate the conventional wisdom.

Crossing Broadway

Washington Heights and the Promise of New York City

Author: Robert W. Snyder

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455170

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 1561

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In the 1970s, when the South Bronx burned and the promise of New Deal New York and postwar America gave way to despair, the people of Washington Heights at the northern tip of Manhattan were increasingly vulnerable. The Heights had long been a neighborhood where generations of newcomers—Irish, Jewish, Greek, African American, Cuban, and Puerto Rican—carved out better lives in their adopted city. But as New York City shifted from an industrial base to a service economy, new immigrants from the Dominican Republic struggled to gain a foothold. Then the crack epidemic of the 1980s and the drug wars sent Washington Heights to the brink of an urban nightmare. But it did not go over the edge. Robert W. Snyder's Crossing Broadway tells how disparate groups overcame their mutual suspicions to rehabilitate housing, build new schools, restore parks, and work with the police to bring safety to streets racked by crime and fear. It shows how a neighborhood once nicknamed "Frankfurt on the Hudson" for its large population of German Jews became “Quisqueya Heights”—the home of the nation’s largest Dominican community. The story of Washington Heights illuminates New York City’s long passage from the Great Depression and World War II through the urban crisis to the globalization and economic inequality of the twenty-first century. Washington Heights residents played crucial roles in saving their neighborhood, but its future as a home for working-class and middle-class people is by no means assured. The growing gap between rich and poor in contemporary New York puts new pressure on the Heights as more affluent newcomers move into buildings that once sustained generations of wage earners and the owners of small businesses. Crossing Broadway is based on historical research, reporting, and oral histories. Its narrative is powered by the stories of real people whose lives illuminate what was won and lost in northern Manhattan’s journey from the past to the present. A tribute to a great American neighborhood, this book shows how residents learned to cross Broadway—over the decades a boundary that has separated black and white, Jews and Irish, Dominican-born and American-born—and make common cause in pursuit of one of the most precious rights: the right to make a home and build a better life in New York City.

Empire's Crossroads

A New History of the Caribbean

Author: Carrie Gibson

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 0230766188

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 4584

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In Empire's Crossroads, Carrie Gibson offers readers a vivid, authoritative and action-packed history of the Caribbean. For Gibson, everything was created in the West Indies: the Europe of today, its financial foundations built with sugar money: the factories and mills built as a result of the work of slaves thousands of miles away; the idea of true equality as espoused in Saint Domingue in the 1790s; the slow progress to independence; and even globalization and migration, with the ships passing to and fro taking people and goods in all possible directions, hundreds of years before the term 'globalization' was coined. From Cuba to Haiti, from Dominica to Martinique, from Jamaica to Trinidad, the story of the Caribbean is not simply the story of slaves and masters - but of fortune-seekers and pirates, scientists and servants, travellers and tourists. It is not only a story of imperial expansion - European and American - but of global connections, and also of life as it is lived in the islands, both in the past and today.

Yolanda

Roman

Author: Julia Alvarez

Publisher: Piper Edition

ISBN: 349297726X

Category: Fiction

Page: 368

View: 4108

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Zwei außergewöhnliche Frauenschicksale Yolanda Garcia, temperamentvoll, exzentrisch und in der Dominikanischen Republik geboren, will eigentlich nur eines: schreiben – was aber gar nicht so einfach ist in den USA, wohin sie als Kind mit ihren Eltern und Schwestern ausgewandert ist. Da ist ihre lebenslustige und liebenswerte Familie, die an ihr zerrt, da sind ihre Ehemänner und Liebhaber. Vor allem ist da aber das Gefühl, nirgends dazuzugehören. Erzählt wird Yolandas Leben von ihren lebhaften Schwestern, von Freundinnen, ihren diversen Liebhabern und Ehemännern. Auch die neue Heimat Yolandas die USA wird von verschiedenen Seiten betrachtet, genauso wie die märchenhafte Dominikanische Republik aus der die Familie einst floh, in die es die impulsive Yolanda aber immer wieder zurückzieht.

Die Zeit der Schmetterlinge

Roman

Author: Julia Alvarez

Publisher: Piper Edition

ISBN: 3492977243

Category: Fiction

Page: 460

View: 4463

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»Ich sammelte alles Material über die ebenso tapferen wie schönen Frauen. Mich ließ die Frage nicht los: Woher hatten sie diesen ungewöhnlichen Mut genommen?« Schön, klug und mutig sind die Widerstandskämpferinnen Minerva, Patria, Maria Teresa und Dedé Mirabal. Die vier Schwestern, genannt »die Schmetterlinge« wurden hinterrücks von den Schergen Trujillo, des Diktators der Dominikanischen Republik ermordet. Nur Dedé kam davon. Julia Alvarez zeichnet die außergewöhnlichen Lebensgeschichten der vier Schwestern nach. Jede kommt selbst zu Wort und schildert aus ihrer Sicht ihre Kindheit, ihre erste Liebe, ihre Familie und schließlich das politische Erwachen und den Mut den Diktator Trujillo zu bekämpfen.

Mosaic

A Journal for the Comparative Study of Literature

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literature

Page: N.A

View: 3771

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Und du bist nicht zurückgekommen

Author: Marceline Loridan-Ivens,Judith Perrignon

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751271

Category: Fiction

Page: 109

View: 8704

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Marceline ist fünfzehn, als sie zusammen mit ihrem Vater ins Lager kommt. Sie nach Birkenau, er nach Auschwitz. Sie überlebt, er nicht. Siebzig Jahre später schreibt sie ihm einen Brief, den er niemals lesen wird. Einen Brief, in dem sie das Unaussprechliche zu sagen versucht: Nur drei Kilometer sind sie voneinander entfernt, zwischen ihnen die Gaskammern, der Hass, die ständige Ungewissheit, was geschieht mit dem anderen? Einmal gelingt es dem Vater, ihr eine kleine Botschaft auf einem Zettel zu übermitteln. Aber sie vergisst die Worte sofort – und wird ein Leben lang versuchen, die zerbrochene Erinnerung wieder zusammenzufügen. Marceline Loridan-Ivens schreibt über diese Ereignisse und über ihre unmögliche Heimkehr, sie schreibt über ihr Leben nach dem Tod, das gebrochene Weiterleben in einer Welt, die nichts von dem hören will, was sie erfahren und erlitten hat. Und über das allmähliche Gewahrwerden, dass die Familie ihren Vater dringender gebraucht hätte als sie: »Mein Leben gegen deines.« Und du bist nicht zurückgekommen ist eine herzzerreißende Liebeserklärung, ein erzählerisches Meisterwerk, ein einzigartiges Zeugnis von eindringlicher moralischer Klarheit – das wohl letzte Zeugnis seiner Art.

Narren des Zufalls

die verborgene Rolle des Glücks an den Finanzmärkten und im Rest des Lebens

Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352750432X

Category:

Page: 352

View: 7478

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Latin American Politics and Development

Author: Howard J. Wiarda,Harvey F. Kline

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 610

View: 4519

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Covers all Latin American countries and provides a superb introduction to the area as a whole.