Why the Cocks Fight

Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 1466867884

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 1009

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Like two roosters in a fighting arena, Haiti and the Dominican Republic are encircled by barriers of geography and poverty. They co-inhabit the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, but their histories are as deeply divided as their cultures: one French-speaking and black, one Spanish-speaking and mulatto. Yet, despite their antagonism, the two countries share a national symbol in the rooster--and a fundamental activity and favorite sport in the cockfight. In this book, Michele Wucker asks: "If the symbols that dominate a culture accurately express a nation's character, what kind of a country draws so heavily on images of cockfighting and roosters, birds bred to be aggressive? What does it mean when not one but two countries that are neighbors choose these symbols? Why do the cocks fight, and why do humans watch and glorify them?" Wucker studies the cockfight ritual in considerable detail, focusing as much on the customs and histories of these two nations as on their contemporary lifestyles and politics. Her well-cited and comprehensive volume also explores the relations of each nation toward the United States, which twice invaded both Haiti (in 1915 and 1994) and the Dominican Republic (in 1916 and 1965) during the twentieth century. Just as the owners of gamecocks contrive battles between their birds as a way of playing out human conflicts, Wucker argues, Haitian and Dominican leaders often stir up nationalist disputes and exaggerate their cultural and racial differences as a way of deflecting other kinds of turmoil. Thus Why the Cocks Fight highlights the factors in Caribbean history that still affect Hispaniola today, including the often contradictory policies of the U.S.

Why the Cocks Fight

Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 0809097133

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 480

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Her discussion of these critically important national groups is essential for understanding their contribution to politics in our own country, indeed throughout the Western Hemisphere.

Why the Cocks Fight

Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780809097135

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 7218

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Her discussion of these critically important national groups is essential for understanding their contribution to politics in our own country, indeed throughout the Western Hemisphere.

The Dominican Republic

A National History

Author: Frank Moya Pons

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781558765191

Category: Dominican Republic

Page: 582

View: 5804

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Product Description: This updated and expanded edition extends the narrative from 1990 to the first decade of the present century, beginning with the collapse of the Dominican economy. In addition to the electoral fraud and constitutional reforms of 1994 and the return administration of Leonel Fernandez, the updated chapters focus on financial crises, the economic reforms of the 1990s, the free trade agreement with the United States, and party politics. They also take account of the recent Dominican electoral processes, the colossal and fraudulent banking crisis of 2002-2004, and the perpetuation of corruption as part of Dominican political culture.

Lockout

Why America Keeps Getting Immigration Wrong When Our Prosperity Depends on Getting It Right

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Public Affairs

ISBN: 9781586485238

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 8808

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Explores the current conflict within the United States about immigration policies, discussing the idea that immigrants must relinquish their native culture to fully assimilate into society and how this directly contradicts America's history of immigration.

Coloring the Nation

Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic

Author: David Howard

Publisher: Signal Books

ISBN: 9781902669106

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 2479

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This volume explores the significance of racial theorizing in Dominican society and its manifestation in everyday life. The author examines how ideas of skin colour and racial identity influence a wide spectrum of Dominicans in how they view themselves and their Haitian neighbours.

The Gray Rhino

How to Recognize and Act on the Obvious Dangers We Ignore

Author: Michele Wucker

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 125005382X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 3967

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"A "gray rhino" is a highly probable, imminent threat; we can see the dust cloud on the horizon long before the charging animal comes into view. Gray rhinos are not random, but occur after a series of warnings and visible events. The Lehman Brothers crash of 2008, the devastating aftermath of Hurricane Sandy and other natural disasters, the file-sharing that presaged the collapse of the traditional music business model, the rising chaos in the Middle East...all were evident well in advance of the consequences. Gray rhinos are much easier to spot and guard against than "black swans"-- the rare, truly unforeseen catastrophes. Why then, when faced with solvable problems, do we continually fail to address them before they spiral out of control? Drawing on her extensive background in policy formation and crisis management, as well as in-depth interviews with leaders from around the world, Michele Wucker explains in The Gray Rhino how significant crises can be recognized and countered strategically. Filled with persuasive stories, real-world examples, and practical advice, The Gray Rhino is essential reading for managers, investors, planners, policy makers, and anyone who wants to understand how change really occurs"--

The Imagined Island

History, Identity, and Utopia in Hispaniola

Author: Pedro L. San Miguel

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807876992

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 5066

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In a landmark study of history, power, and identity in the Caribbean, Pedro L. San Miguel examines the historiography of Hispaniola, the West Indian island shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic. He argues that the national identities of (and often the tense relations between) citizens of these two nations are the result of imaginary contrasts between the two nations drawn by historians, intellectuals, and writers. Covering five centuries and key intellectual figures from each country, San Miguel bridges literature, history, and ethnography to locate the origins of racial, ethnic, and national identity on the island. He finds that Haiti was often portrayed by Dominicans as "the other--first as a utopian slave society, then as a barbaric state and enemy to the Dominican Republic. Although most of the Dominican population is mulatto and black, Dominican citizens tended to emphasize their Spanish (white) roots, essentially silencing the political voice of the Dominican majority, San Miguel argues. This pioneering work in Caribbean and Latin American historiography, originally published in Puerto Rico in 1997, is now available in English for the first time.

The Dominican Racial Imaginary

Surveying the Landscape of Race and Nation in Hispaniola

Author: Milagros Ricourt

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813584493

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 811

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This book begins with a simple question: why do so many Dominicans deny the African components of their DNA, culture, and history? Seeking answers, Milagros Ricourt uncovers a complex and often contradictory Dominican racial imaginary. Observing how Dominicans have traditionally identified in opposition to their neighbors on the island of Hispaniola—Haitians of African descent—she finds that the Dominican Republic’s social elite has long propagated a national creation myth that conceives of the Dominican as a perfect hybrid of native islanders and Spanish settlers. Yet as she pores through rare historical documents, interviews contemporary Dominicans, and recalls her own childhood memories of life on the island, Ricourt encounters persistent challenges to this myth. Through fieldwork at the Dominican-Haitian border, she gives a firsthand look at how Dominicans are resisting the official account of their national identity and instead embracing the African influence that has always been part of their cultural heritage. Building on the work of theorists ranging from Edward Said to Édouard Glissant, this book expands our understanding of how national and racial imaginaries develop, why they persist, and how they might be subverted. As it confronts Hispaniola’s dark legacies of slavery and colonial oppression, The Dominican Racial Imaginary also delivers an inspiring message on how multicultural communities might cooperate to disrupt the enduring power of white supremacy.

The Dominican people

a documentary history

Author: Ernesto Sagás,Orlando Inoa

Publisher: Markus Wiener Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 4908

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This book provides an annotated collection of documents related to the history of the Dominican Republic and its people. The compilation covers some of the turning points and major topics in the island's history since pre-Columbian times: the extermination of the Talno Indians, sugar and African slavery, the establishment of French Saint Dominique, independence from Haiti and from Spain, caudillo politics, U.S. interventionism, the Trujillo dictatorship, and contemporary politics.

The Devil Behind the Mirror

Globalization and Politics in the Dominican Republic

Author: Steven Gregory

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520282256

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 956

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In The Devil behind the Mirror, Steven Gregory provides a compelling and intimate account of the impact that transnational processes associated with globalization are having on the lives and livelihoods of people in the Dominican Republic. Grounded in ethnographic fieldwork conducted in the adjacent towns of Boca Chica and Andrés, Gregory's study deftly demonstrates how transnational flows of capital, culture, and people are mediated by contextually specific power relations, politics, and history. He explores such topics as the informal economy, the making of a telenova, sex tourism, and racism and discrimination against Haitians, who occupy the lowest rung on the Dominican economic ladder. Innovative, beautifully written, and now updated with a new preface, The Devil behind the Mirror masterfully situates the analysis of global economic change in everyday lives.

Dividing Hispaniola

The Dominican Republic's Border Campaign against Haiti, 1930-1961

Author: Edward Paulino

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 0822981033

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 4615

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The island of Hispaniola is split by a border that divides the Dominican Republic and Haiti. This border has been historically contested and largely porous. Dividing Hispaniola is a study of Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo’s scheme, during the mid-twentieth century, to create and reinforce a buffer zone on this border through the establishment of state institutions and an ideological campaign against what was considered an encroaching black, inferior, and bellicose Haitian state. The success of this program relied on convincing Dominicans that regardless of their actual color, whiteness was synonymous with Dominican cultural identity. Paulino examines the campaign against Haiti as the construct of a fractured urban intellectual minority, bolstered by international politics and U.S. imperialism. This minority included a diverse set of individuals and institutions that employed anti-Haitian rhetoric for their own benefit (i.e., sugar manufacturers and border officials.) Yet, in reality, these same actors had no interest in establishing an impermeable border. Paulino further demonstrates that Dominican attitudes of admiration and solidarity toward Haitians as well as extensive intermixture around the border region were commonplace. In sum his study argues against the notion that anti-Haitianism was part of a persistent and innate Dominican ethos.

Haitian-Dominican Counterpoint

Nation, State, and Race on Hispaniola

Author: E. Matibag

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403973806

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 6745

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What would the island of Hispaniola look like if viewed as a loosely connected system? That is the question Haitian-Dominican Counterpointseeks to answer as it surveys the insular space shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic throughout their parallel histories. For beneath the familiar tale of hostilities, the systemic perspective reveals a lesser-known, "unitarian" narrative of interdependencies and reciprocal influences shaping each country'sidentity. In view of the sociocultural and economic linkages connecting the two countries, their relations would have to resemble not so much acockfight (the conventional metaphor) as a serial and polyrhythmic counterpoint.

The Borders of Dominicanidad

Race, Nation, and Archives of Contradiction

Author: Lorgia García-Peña

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373661

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5773

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In The Borders of Dominicanidad Lorgia García-Peña explores the ways official narratives and histories have been projected onto racialized Dominican bodies as a means of sustaining the nation's borders. García-Peña constructs a genealogy of dominicanidad that highlights how Afro-Dominicans, ethnic Haitians, and Dominicans living abroad have contested these dominant narratives and their violent, silencing, and exclusionary effects. Centering the role of U.S. imperialism in drawing racial borders between Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and the United States, she analyzes musical, visual, artistic, and literary representations of foundational moments in the history of the Dominican Republic: the murder of three girls and their father in 1822; the criminalization of Afro-religious practice during the U.S. occupation between 1916 and 1924; the massacre of more than 20,000 people on the Dominican-Haitian border in 1937; and the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. García-Peña also considers the contemporary emergence of a broader Dominican consciousness among artists and intellectuals that offers alternative perspectives to questions of identity as well as the means to make audible the voices of long-silenced Dominicans.

Masculinity After Trujillo

The Politics of Gender in Dominican Literature

Author: Maja Horn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813049304

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 202

View: 4607

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Chronicles the way hyper-masculinity has permeated a wide swath of Dominican culture over the past century, demonstrating how modern attitudes toward masculinity were informed by and evolved from the U.S. military occupation of the island, through Trujillo's dictatorship, and into the manifestations in the present day.

The Farming of Bones

Author: Edwidge Danticat

Publisher: Soho Press

ISBN: 1569479291

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 5640

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It is 1937 and Amabelle Désir, a young Haitian woman living in the Dominican Republic, has built herself a life as the servant and companion of the wife of a wealthy colonel. She and Sebastien, a cane worker, are deeply in love and plan to marry. But Amabelle's world collapses when a wave of genocidal violence, driven by Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, leads to the slaughter of Haitian workers. Amabelle and Sebastien are separated, and she desperately flees the tide of violence for a Haiti she barely remembers. Already acknowledged as a classic, this harrowing story of love and survival—from one of the most important voices of her generation—is an unforgettable memorial to the victims of the Parsley Massacre and a testimony to the power of human memory. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Empire's Crossroads

The Caribbean From Columbus to the Present Day

Author: Carrie Gibson

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 0230766188

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 4093

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In Empire's Crossroads, Carrie Gibson offers readers a vivid, authoritative and action-packed history of the Caribbean. For Gibson, everything was created in the West Indies: the Europe of today, its financial foundations built with sugar money: the factories and mills built as a result of the work of slaves thousands of miles away; the idea of true equality as espoused in Saint Domingue in the 1790s; the slow progress to independence; and even globalization and migration, with the ships passing to and fro taking people and goods in all possible directions, hundreds of years before the term 'globalization' was coined. From Cuba to Haiti, from Dominica to Martinique, from Jamaica to Trinidad, the story of the Caribbean is not simply the story of slaves and masters - but of fortune-seekers and pirates, scientists and servants, travellers and tourists. It is not only a story of imperial expansion - European and American - but of global connections, and also of life as it is lived in the islands, both in the past and today.

Overtaken by Events

The Dominican Crisis from the Fall of Trujillo to the Civil War

Author: John Bartlow Martin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dominican Republic

Page: 821

View: 6721

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Former U.S. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic describes that country's turbulent political events from 1962 to summer 1965.

The Dominican Republic Reader

History, Culture, Politics

Author: Eric Paul Roorda,Lauren H. Derby,Raymundo González

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: 9780822356882

Category: History

Page: 552

View: 4143

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Despite its significance in the history of Spanish colonialism, the Dominican Republic is familiar to most outsiders through only a few elements of its past and culture. Non-Dominicans may be aware that the country shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti and that it is where Christopher Columbus chose to build a colony. Some may know that the country produces talented baseball players and musicians; others that it is a prime destination for beach vacations. Little else about the Dominican Republic is common knowledge outside its borders. This Reader seeks to change that. It provides an introduction to the history, politics, and culture of the country, from precolonial times into the early twenty-first century. Among the volume's 118 selections are essays, speeches, journalism, songs, poems, legal documents, testimonials, and short stories, as well as several interviews conducted especially for this Reader. Many of the selections have been translated into English for the first time. All of them are preceded by brief introductions written by the editors. The volume's eighty-five illustrations, ten of which appear in color, include maps, paintings, and photos of architecture, statues, famous figures, and Dominicans going about their everyday lives.

The Real Fidel Castro

Author: Leycester Coltman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300133394

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 9320

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Rhetoric during and after the Cold War years has painted starkly contrasting portraits of Cuba's Fidel Castro: an unblemished idealist on the one hand, a ruthless dictator on the other. This insightful book, the most intimate and dispassionate biography of the revolutionary leader to date, shows that neither assessment is true. Leycester Coltman, British ambassador to Cuba in the early 1990s, came as close to personal friendship with Castro as any foreigner was permitted. With frequent contact and regular conversations, Coltman was in a unique position to observe the dictator's personality in both public and private situations. Here he presents a close-up view of the man who for half a century has been loved, admired, feared, and hated, but seldom really understood. Coltman chronicles the events of the Cuban leader's extraordinary life from the political activism of his university days in Havana to periods of exile, imprisonment, and guerilla warfare alongside Che Guevara, to the uncertainties of his old age. Drawing on personal observation and archival sources in Cuba and abroad, Coltman explores the contradiction between the private character and the public reputation, and highlights the complexities of the consummate actor who continues to play a crucial role on the international stage.