Wittgenstein Reading

Author: Sascha Bru,Wolfgang Huemer,Daniel Steuer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110294699

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 9479

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Wittgenstein took literature extremely seriously and did not consider it of secondary importance. However, academic philosophy often shies away from the literary inflection of his philosophy. This is the first book to provide detailed discussions of his engagement with individual authors, such as Dostoevsky, Goethe, and Shakespeare. The book is essential for the cultural contextualization for Wittgenstein scholars and scholars of literature.

Freud und Wittgenstein. Sprache und menschliche Natur

Author: Leon Botstein

Publisher: Picus Verlag

ISBN: 3711750249

Category: Psychology

Page: 70

View: 394

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In der Suche nach gültigen Antworten über das Wesen des menschlichen Bewusstseins wirken Sigmund Freud und sein Schaffen bis heute fort. Zentral für seine Forschungen war eine Theorie der Sprache und deren Funktion im Bewusstsein des Individuums. Die Sprache war Sigmund Freuds wissenschaftliches Instrument - seiner Theorie nach ist sie zudem wesentlich für die Naturwissenschaften und die Künste, vor allem aber, so war Freud überzeugt, ein notwendiger Bestandteil von gemeinschaftlichen kulturellen Ideen, die das Aggressive im Menschen eindämmen können. Karl Kraus kritisierte Freud - die Psychoanalyse mache auf manipulierende und irreführende Art und Weise von der Sprache Gebrauch - und warf ihm vor, aufklärungsfeindlich und unwissenschaftlich zu sein. Ludwig Wittgenstein setzte diese Kritik fort - die Traumdeutung beispielsweise hielt er, genau wie Kraus, für unsachlich. Leon Botstein zeigt die Widersprüche, aber auch die Übereinstimmungen zwischen den Theorien Freuds und dem Werk Wittgensteins, insbesondere in Fragen der Identität, des Bewusstseins und vor allem der Sprache.

Wittgenstein als Moralist

Eine medienphilosophische Relektüre

Author: Martin Gessmann

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839411467

Category: Philosophy

Page: 218

View: 5635

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Dieses Buch wirft ein vollkommen neues Licht auf das Denken Wittgensteins und auf die Entwicklung der Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert. Bisher wurde Wittgensteins Philosophie immer aus dem Ringen mit ihrer Wissenschaftlichkeit verstanden. Logik und Positivismus sowie die Abkehr von deren Idealen strukturieren demnach das Werk. Fasst man den Ansatz weiter und sieht eine praktische Lebenshaltung als vorrangig an, so erscheint Wittgensteins Denken als ein moralisches Aufbäumen gegen die Wiener Dekadenz, indem er ultimative Weltmaßstäbe fordert. Das spektakuläre Scheitern des Projekts kann als beispielhaft dafür gelten, wie Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert zuerst nur noch als Literatur möglich erscheint, dann aber wegweisende Grundlage für eine Bild- und Filmtheorie wird und zuletzt den Ausblick zu einer Verbindung mit den Neurowissenschaften eröffnet.

Netzwerke

eine Kulturtechnik der Moderne

Author: Jürgen Barkhoff,Hartmut Böhme,Jeanne Riou

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412155032

Category: Communication

Page: 357

View: 8437

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On the Trail to Wittgenstein's Hut

The Historical Background of the Tractatus Logico-Philosphicus

Author: Ivar Oxaal

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412843227

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 7493

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One of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the roots of his monumental Tractatus are explored in this imaginative work. Oxaal picks up on themes developed in an earlier work of his on Jews, Anti-Semitism and Culture in Vienna, adding to it special issues concerning Wittgenstein's experiences in Norway in 1913-14, where he worked on ideas that were completed during the war. Oxaal situates the great philosopher in time, place, and attitude, showing how his personal background came to bear on the writing of the Tractatus. Wittengenstein has often been criticized for traces of solipsism and even mysticism, and Oxaal also examines these issues in a volume that integrates ethnography, nationality, and cultural studies. Oxaal sheds new light on the theme of Wittgenstein's Jewishness, and develops a new appreciation of the Wittgenstein family and Wittgenstein's better-known years in Vienna. The author is unsparing in his observations about racism and pessimism in Berlin and Great Britian during the period in which Wittgenstein worked and studied at Cambridge. The writing of the Tractatus spanned the First World War. In the period immediately after its completion, Wittgenstein found himself in The Hague where he was in discussions and disputes with Bertrand Russell. Oxaal covers these problems sensitively and with an appreciation of ambiguities in the life of a great philosopher and the confusions caused by a post-war change in fortunes--personal and familial. This work of an eminent social scientist and historian may not be the final statement on Wittgenstein, but it most certainly must be considered in any serious assessments of an iconic figure of the twentieth century.

Wittgenstein

The Philosopher and His Works

Author: Alois Pichler,Simo Säätelä

Publisher: Ontos Verlag

ISBN: 9783938793282

Category: Philosophy

Page: 461

View: 983

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This wide-ranging collection of essays contains eighteen original articles by authors representing some of the most important recent work on Wittgenstein. It deals with questions pertaining to both the interpretation and application of Wittgenstein's thought and the editing of his works. Regarding the latter, it also addresses issues concerning scholarly electronic publishing. The collection is accompanied by a comprehensive introduction which lays out the content and arguments of each contribution. Contributors: Knut Erik Tranøy, Lars Hertzberg, Georg Henrik von Wright, Marie McGinn, Cora Diamond, James Conant, David G Stern, Eike von Savigny, P M S Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock, Allan Janik, Kristóf Nyíri, Antonia Soulez, Brian McGuinness, Anthony Kenny, Joachim Schulte, Herbert Hrachovec, Cameron McEwen.

Wittgenstein at the Movies

Cinematic Investigations

Author: Béla Szabados,Christina Stojanova

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739148877

Category: Philosophy

Page: 166

View: 5954

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Wittgenstein at the Movies is centered on in-depth explorations of two intriguing experimental films on Wittgenstein: Derek Jarman's Wittgenstein and PZter ForgOcs' Wittgenstein Tractatus. The featured essays look at cinematic interpretations of Wittgenstein's life and philosophy in a manner bound to provoke the lively interest of Wittgenstein scholars, film theorists, students of film aesthetics and artistic modernism, and those concerned with the world of Cambridge in the first half of the twentieth century.

Geschlecht und Charakter

Author: Otto Weininger,Ladislaus Löb,Daniel Steuer,Laura Marcus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 437

View: 7657

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Otto Weininger's controversial book Sex and Character, first published in Vienna in 1903, is a prime example of the conflicting discourses central to its time: antisemitism, scientific racism and biologism, misogyny, the cult and crisis of masculinity, psychological introspection versus empiricism, German idealism, the women's movement and the idea of human emancipation, the quest for sexual liberation, and the debates about homosexuality. Combining rational reasoning with irrational outbursts, in the context of today's scholarship, Sex and Character speaks to issues of gender, race, cultural identity, the roots of Nazism, and the intellectual history of modernism and modern European culture. This new translation presents, for the first time, the entire text, including Weininger's extensive appendix with amplifications of the text and bibliographical references, in a reliable English translation, together with a substantial introduction that places the book in its cultural and historical context.

Assembling Reminders

Studies in the Genesis of Wittgenstein's Concept of Philosophy

Author: Allan Janik

Publisher: Santerus Academic Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 246

View: 5600

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Astonishingly, Wittgenstein insisted that he was not an original thinker but one who passionately seized upon the thoughts of truly original thinkers with a view to developing a method of conceptual clarification. He compared his mind to fertile ground in which the seeds of the truly original: Ludwig Boltzmann, Heinrich Hertz, Arthur Schopenhauer, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Karl Kraus, Adolf Loos, Otto Weininger, Oswald Spengler and Piero Sraffa, could blossom. Assembling Reminders is the first full length study to explore how these figures influenced Wittgenstein - but also how he could claim to have understood them better than they did themselves. It illuminates Wittgenstein's uniqueness in the history of 20th century thought at the same time that it clarifies his relationship to both analytical and Continental philosophy as well as to Viennese critical modernism. Allan Janik, (1941) is currently Research Fellow at the University of Innsbruck's Brenner Archives Reseach Institute. He is also Adjunct Professor for the Philosophy of Culture at the University of Vienna and at the Skill and technology Ph D. program at Stockholm's Royal Institute of Technology.

Transatlantic Negotiations

Author: Christa Buschendorf,Astrid Franke

Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 2056

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Transatlantic Negotiations was the theme of the 52. annual convention of the German Association for American Studies, held in Frankfurt in 2005. Each contribution to this volume illuminates explicitly or implicitly the intricacies of negotiations embedded in different relationships of power as they reverberate through history. Together they present a wide range of forms of interaction between Europe, Africa, and America, from fruitful exchange to contemptuous or thoughtless discrimination. The collection thus points to a salient feature of transatlantic relations, namely the simultaneity of mutual enriching forms of negotiation, marked by reciprocity, with drastic forms of inequality in which the negotiating power is almost entirely one-sided.

Wittgenstein in the 1930s

Between the Tractatus and the Investigations

Author: David G. Stern

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108425879

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 9530

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Shows the importance of Wittgenstein's philosophy in the 1930s, in its own right and for his philosophy as a whole.

Wittgenstein: Lectures, Cambridge 1930–1933

From the Notes of G. E. Moore

Author: David G. Stern,Brian Rogers,Gabriel Citron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316432130

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7989

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This edition of G. E. Moore's notes taken at Wittgenstein's seminal Cambridge lectures in the early 1930s provides, for the first time, an almost verbatim record of those classes. The presentation of the notes is both accessible and faithful to their original manuscripts, and a comprehensive introduction and synoptic table of contents provide the reader with essential contextual information and summaries of the topics in each lecture. The lectures form an excellent introduction to Wittgenstein's middle-period thought, covering a broad range of philosophical topics, ranging from core questions in the philosophy of language, mind, logic, and mathematics, to illuminating discussions of subjects on which Wittgenstein says very little elsewhere, including ethics, religion, aesthetics, psychoanalysis, and anthropology. The volume also includes a 1932 essay by Moore critiquing Wittgenstein's conception of grammar, together with Wittgenstein's response. A companion website offers access to images of the entire set of source manuscripts.

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Author: Edward Kanterian

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861896093

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 8779

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Ludwig Wittgenstein is generally considered as the greatest philosopher since Immanuel Kant, and his personal life, work, and his historical moment intertwined in a fascinating, complex web. Noted scholar Edward Kanterian explores these intersections in Ludwig Wittgenstein, the newest title in the acclaimed Critical Lives series. Wittgenstein’s works—from Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus to the posthumously published Philosophical Investigations—are notoriously dense, and Kanterian carefully distills them here, proposing thought-provoking new interpretations. Yet the philosopher’s passions were not solely confined to theoretical musings, and the book explores Wittgenstein’s immersion in art and music and his social position as a member of the sophisticated Viennese upper class at the turn of the century. His personal and professional relationships also offer insights into his thoughts, as he was friends with the greatest thinkers of the twentieth century, including John Maynard Keynes, George Edward Moore, Bertrand Russell, and Gilbert Royle. The philosopher was also deeply tormented by ethical and religious questions, and his internal turmoil, Kanterian argues, gives us a deeper understanding of the important conflicts and tensions of his age. Ultimately, the author contends, Wittgenstein’s life reveals insights into the ethical quandaries of our own time. A readable and concise account, Ludwig Wittgenstein is an informative, accessible introduction to the one of the greatest thinkers of our age.

Icons of Unbelief

Atheists, Agnostics, and Secularists

Author: S. T. Joshi

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313347597

Category: Philosophy

Page: 463

View: 8038

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Discusses the ideas and impact of 27 atheists, agnostics, and secularists whose ideas have shaped society over the last 200 years.

Geschlecht und Charakter: Eine prinzipielle Untersuchung

Author: Otto Weininger

Publisher: SEVERUS Verlag

ISBN: 3958010091

Category: Philosophy

Page: 664

View: 2505

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„Der anständige Mensch geht selbst in den Tod, wenn er fühlt, dass er endgültig böse wird...“ (Otto Weininger, 1903) Der österreichische Philosoph Otto Weininger wollte nichts weniger als einen gesellschaftlichen Umbruch herbeiführen: Zerfressen von Hass und Selbstzweifel beschäftigt er sich in diesem Werk mit seinen Feindbildern, den Frauen und den Juden. Anhand dieser prinzipiellen Untersuchung der Geschlechter gelangt er zu dem Schluss, dass durch „weibische Lüsternheit“ und „Geistlosigkeit“ die gesellschaftlichen Grundsätze bedroht sind. Als Gegenpol sieht er dabei nur den Innbegriff des Männlichen und Christlichen. Bis heute werden die radikalen und verstörenden Thesen dieses klassischen Dokuments der Wiener Moderne kontrovers diskutiert. Der 1880 geborene Philosoph und Psychologe Otto Weininger, introvertiert und von jüdischer Abstammung, konvertierte in jungen Jahren zum Protestantismus. Zeit seines kurzen Lebens machte er durch extreme Sichtweisen und Theorien auf sich aufmerksam; 1903 geht er nach jahrelangen Depressionen in den Freitod. Durch seinen Suizid wurde er zum Mythos und sein Buch zum Bestseller.

Multiculturalism and the Jews

Author: Sander L. Gilman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415979184

Category: Religion

Page: 293

View: 7763

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In this powerful and wide-ranging study, Sander Gilman explores the idea of "the multicultural" in the contemporary world, a question he frames as the question of the relationship between Jews and Muslims. How do Jews define themselves, and how are they in turn defined, within the global struggles of the moment, struggles that turn in large part around a secularized Christian perspective? Gilman uses his subject to unpack a sequence of important issues: what does it mean to be multicultural? Can the experience of diaspora Judaism serve as a useful model for Islam in today's multicultural Europe? What is a multicultural ethnic? Other chapters look at specific figures in Jewish cultural history--Albert Einstein, Franz Kafka, Israel Zangwill, Philip Roth, the hermaphrodite N.O. Body (aka Karl Baer, raised as Martha Baer)--to explore issues within Jewish identity. Throughout, Gilman pays keen attention to the ways in which contemporary literature--Chabon, Ozick, Zadie Smith, Jonathan Safran Foer, Gary Shteyngart--is taking the idea of Jewishness and multiculturalism into new arenas.