Wittgenstein

Author: William Child

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136731369

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 1960

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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) is considered by most philosophers - even those who do not share his views - to be the most influential philosopher of the 20th century. His contributions to the philosophy of language, mind, meaning and psychology - as well as to logic, mathematics and epistemology - permanently altered the philosophical landscape, and his Tractatus Logico Philosophicus and Philosophical Investigations continue to be studied in philosophy departments around in the world. In this superb introduction and overview of Wittgenstein’s life and work, William Child discusses: Wittgenstein’s early work, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, including his account of language and thought Wittgenstein’s subsequent rejection of some of the central doctrines of the Tractatus Wittgenstein’s later philosophy intentionality and rule-following philosophy of mind and psychology in Philosophical Investigations knowledge and certainty, and Wittgenstein’s final work philosophy of religion the legacy and influence of Wittgenstein’s ideas in philosophy, and beyond. Including a chronology, glossary, and helpful conclusions to each chapter, Wittgenstein is essential reading for anyone coming to Wittgenstein's philosophy for the first time.

Wittgenstein

Author: Robert J. Fogelin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134812809

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 340

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No serious philosopher or student of philosophy can afford to neglect Wittgenstein's work. Professor Fogelin provides an authoritative critical evaluation of both the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and Philosophical Investigations, enabling the reader to come to grips with these difficult yet key works. Fogelin explains Wittgenstein's attempt in the Tractatus to combine a picture theory of propositional structure, and also explores Wittgenstein's own criticisms of the Tractarian synthesis. He gives particular attention to topics in the philosophy of language, logic, psychology and the foundations of mathematics, examining Wittgenstein's work on these fields and arguing that Wittgenstein's criticisms in these areas form the basis for a radically new standpoint in philosophy.

Wittgenstein und Heidegger

Die letzten Philosophen

Author: Manfred Geier

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644045119

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 5172

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Sie wurden im selben Jahr 1889 geboren und im gleichen Alter 1911 von einer ungeheuren Leidenschaft des Philosophierens ergriffen, die ihre Denk- und Lebenswege beherrschte und einzigartig machte: Martin Heidegger und Ludwig Wittgenstein. Dabei waren sie der Herkunft nach grundverschieden: Wittgenstein entstammte einer großbürgerlichen Familie in der Metropole Wien, Heidegger kam aus einer badischen Kleinstadt und einfachen Verhältnissen. Aber beide gehören zu den bedeutendsten Philosophen des 20. Jahrhunderts, und für beide wurde die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Nationalsozialismus (auch Hitler war Jahrgang 1889) und den Katastrophen der Epoche ein zentrales Thema. Bestsellerautor Manfred Geier geht den Biographien der beiden Denker nach und beschreibt, wie andersartig ihre Lebenswege waren und wie divergierend ihre Gedanken sich entwickelten. «Sein und Zeit» hieß der Hauptwerk des einen, «Tractatus logico-philosophicus» das des anderen Autors. Während Heideggers Denken im Verlauf seines Lebens immer allgemeiner und abstrakter wurde, das Dasein hinter sich ließ und das «Sein» selbst zur Sprache bringen wollte, begann Wittgenstein, sich immer genauer und differenzierter den alltäglichen Sprachgebrauch anzuschauen und in den Zusammenhang menschlicher Lebensformen einzubinden. Eine faszinierende Spurensuche mit überraschenden Einsichten und Ergebnissen.

Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance

Author: Max Kölbel,Bernhard Weiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134406177

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 4124

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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) has exerted a more powerful influence on contemporary philosophy than any other twentieth-century thinker. But what is the nature of this influence and why has it proved so enduring? In Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance, twelve contemporary philosophers explore the issues surrounding Wittgenstein's importance and relevance to modern thought. Their articles, all of which are published here for the first time, cover the entirety of Wittgenstein's major publications: the Tracatus Logico-Philosophicus, Philosophical Investigations, On Certainty and Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics. They discuss how much originality and continuity can be found in Wittgenstein's thought, how he relates to current traditions and movements within philosophy, and what we can learn from his conceptions of language, knowledge, mathematics and logic. The international set of contributors are renowned for their work in both Wittgenstein studies and other fields of philosophy, making Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance an important collection for anyone interested in contemporary philosophy.

Wittgenstein and Heidegger

Author: David Egan,Stephen Reynolds,Aaron Wendland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113410829X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 4363

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Ludwig Wittgenstein and Martin Heidegger are arguably the two most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. Their work not only reshaped the philosophical landscape, but also left its mark on other disciplines, including political science, theology, anthropology, ecology, mathematics, cultural studies, literary theory, and architecture. Both sought to challenge the assumptions governing the traditions they inherited, to question the very terms in which philosophy’s problems had been posed, and to open up new avenues of thought for thinkers of all stripes. And despite considerable differences in style and in the traditions they inherited, the similarities between Wittgenstein and Heidegger are striking. Comparative work of these thinkers has only increased in recent decades, but no collection has yet explored the various ways in which Wittgenstein and Heidegger can be drawn into dialogue. As such, these essays stage genuine dialogues, with aspects of Wittgenstein’s elucidations answering or problematizing aspects of Heidegger’s, and vice versa. The result is a broad-ranging collection of essays that provides a series of openings and provocations that will serve as a reference point for future work that draws on the writings of these two philosophers.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Wittgenstein and the Tractatus

Author: Michael Morris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134248393

Category: Philosophy

Page: 408

View: 3862

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Written by a leading expert, this is the ideal guide to the only book Wittgenstein published during his lifetime, the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Michael Morris makes sense of Wittgenstein’s brief but often cryptic text, highlighting its key themes. He introduces and analyzes: Wittgenstein’s life and the background to the Tractatus the ideas and text of the Tractatus the continuing importance of Wittgenstein's work to philosophy today, Wittgenstein is the most important twentieth-century philosopher in the English speaking world. This book will be essential reading for all students of philosophy of language and metaphysics.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Wittgenstein and On Certainty

Author: Andy Hamilton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317676378

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 9933

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Ludwig Wittgenstein is arguably the most important philosopher of the twentieth century. In On Certainty he discusses central issues in epistemology, including the nature of knowledge and scepticism. The Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Wittgenstein and On Certainty introduces and assesses: Wittgenstein's career and the background to his later philosophy the central ideas and text of On Certainty, including its responses to G.E. Moore and discussion of fundamental issues in the theory of knowledge Wittgenstein's continuing importance in contemporary philosophy. This GuideBook is essential reading for all students of Wittgenstein, and for those studying epistemology and philosophy of language. On Certainty, Wittgenstein's final work, addresses a category of "world-picture" propositions discovered by G.E. Moore. These challenge Wittgenstein's enduring commitment to a well-defined category of empirical propositions, and help to generate a critique of scepticism. Developing Wittgenstein's view that scepticism is self-undermining, the Guidebook offers a combative yet therapeutic interpretation that locates On Certainty between the standpoints of Kant and Hume.

A Short History of Modern Philosophy

From Descartes to Wittgenstein

Author: Roger Scruton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134498438

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 3670

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Discover for yourself the pleasures of philosophy! Written both for the seasoned student of philosophy as well as the general reader, the renowned writer Roger Scruton provides a survey of modern philosophy. Always engaging, Scruton takes us on a fascinating tour of the subject, from founding father Descartes to the most important and famous philosopher of the twentieth century, Ludwig Wittgenstein. He identifies all the principal figures as well as outlines of the main intellectual preoccupations that have informed western philosophy. Painting a portrait of modern philosophy that is vivid and animated, Scruton introduces us to some of the greatest philosophical problems invented in this period and pursued ever since. Including material on recent debates, A Short History of Modern Philosophy is already established as the classic introduction. Read it and find out why.

Wittgenstein and Quine

Author: Robert Arrington,Hans-Johann Glock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134862865

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 4223

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This unique study brings together for the first time two of the most important philosophers of this century. Never before have these two thinkers been compared - and commentators' opinions on their relationship differ greatly. Are the views of Wittgenstein and Quine on method and the nature of philosophy comparable or radically opposed? Does Wittgenstein's concept of language engender that of Quine, or threaten its philosophical foundations? An understanding of the similarities and differences between the thought of Wittgenstein and of Quine is essential if we are to have a full picture of contemporary philosophy. This collection of essays offers diverse and original ways in which to view their relationship.

Questions on Wittgenstein (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Rudolf Haller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317686853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 3255

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Wittgenstein, possibly the most influential philosopher of the twentieth century, is often labelled a Neopositivist, a New-Kantian, even a Sceptic. Questions on Wittgenstein, first published in 1988, presents a selection of nine essays investigating a matter of vital philosophical importance: Wittgenstein’s relationship to his Austrian predecessors and peers. The intention throughout is to determine the precise contours of Wittgenstein’s own thought by situating it within its formative context. Although it remains of particular interest to Anglo-Saxon philosophers, special familiarity with Austrian philosophy is required to appreciate the subtle and profound influence which this cultural and philosophical setting had on Wittgenstein’s intellectual development. Professor Haller has spent his career exploring these themes, and is one of the foremost authorities on both Wittgenstein and contemporary Austrian philosophy. Questions on Wittgenstein thus offers a unique insight into the twentieth-century tradition of Austrian philosophy, and its importance for Wittgenstein’s thought.

The Voices of Wittgenstein

The Vienna Circle : Ludwig Wittgenstein and Friedrich Waismann

Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein,Gordon P. Baker,Friedrich Waismann

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415056446

Category: Philosophy

Page: 558

View: 5349

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This work brings in both the original German and English translation of over one hundred short essays in philosophical logic and the philosophy of mind of historical importance to understanding Wittgenstein's philosophical thought and development in the 1930's. Transcribed from the papers of Friedrich Waismann and dating from 1932-35, the majority are highly important dictations by Wittgenstein to Waismann, but also includes texts of redrafted material by Waismann closely based on the dictations. Many of these texts become the ultimate sources of material on philosophy of language that constitutes the bulk of Waismann's book Logic, Sprache, Philosophy (The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy). The transcriptions throw light on the development of Wittgenstein's thought in this period and some of the topics are not covered in any of the existing publications of his writings, in particular his detailed attention to causal theories of meaning. They also contain texts covering psychological concepts such as expecting, intending and experience; these have no counterparts in Waismann's publications.

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113452448X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 142

View: 1521

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Perhaps the most important work of philosophy written in the twentieth century, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus was the only philosophical work that Ludwig Wittgenstein published during his lifetime. Written in short, carefully numbered paragraphs of extreme brilliance, it captured the imagination of a generation of philosophers. For Wittgenstein, logic was something we use to conquer a reality which is in itself both elusive and unobtainable. He famously summarized the book in the following words: 'What can be said at all can be said clearly; and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence.' David Pears and Brian McGuinness received the highest praise for their meticulous translation. The work is prefaced by Bertrand Russell's original introduction to the first English edition.

Blind Obedience

The Structure and Content of Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy

Author: Meredith Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135203237

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 4051

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There is considerable debate amongst philosophers as to the basic philosophical problem Wittgenstein is attempting to solve in Philosophical Investigations. In this bold and original work, Meredith Williams argues that it is the problem of "normative similarity". In Blind Obedience Williams demonstrates how Wittgenstein criticizes traditional, representationalist theories of language by employing the ‘master/novice’ distinction of the learner, arguing that this distinction is often overlooked but fundamental to understanding philosophical problems about mind and language. The book not only provides revealing discussions of Wittgenstein’s corpus but also intricate analyses of the work of Brandom, Dummett, Frege, Sellars, Davidson, Cavell and others. These are usefully compared in a bid to better situate Wittgenstein’s non-intellectualist, non-theoretical approach and to highlight is unique features.

Sprache und Weltbezug

Adorno, Heidegger, Wittgenstein

Author: Friedrich Glauner

Publisher: Verlag K. Alber

ISBN: 9783495478615

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 309

View: 3888

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Marx and Wittgenstein

Knowledge, Morality and Politics

Author: Gavin Kitching,Nigel Pleasants

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134538545

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 4420

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At first sight, Karl Marx and Ludwig Wittgenstein may well seem to be as different from each other as it is possible for the ideas of two major intellectuals to be. Despite this standard conception, however, a small number of scholars have long suggested that there are deeper philosophical commonalities between Marx and Wittgenstein. They have argued that, once grasped, these commonalities can radically change and enrich understanding both of Marxism and of Wittgensteinian philosophy. This book develops and extends this unorthodox view, emphasising the mutual enrichment that comes from bringing Marx's and Wittgenstein's ideas into dialogue with one another. Essential reading for all scholars and philosophers interested in the Marxist philosophy and the philosophy of Wittgenstein, this book will also be of vital interest to those studying and researching in the fields of social philosophy, political philosophy, philosophy of social science and political economy.

Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mind (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Ashok Vohra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317688260

Category: Philosophy

Page: 126

View: 3824

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Philosophers since Descartes have felt themselves compelled to make a choice between mind and body. Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Mind, first published in 1986, argues that there is no genuine epistemological problem of mind, and that the widespread philosophical scepticism with regard to our knowledge of other minds is without foundation. Ashok Vohra applies Wittgenstein’s method to show that the problem has arisen through a tendency to over-philosophise our simple experiences. Vohra presents a positive account of Wittgenstein’s philosophy of mind, arguing that to consider his philosophy entirely destructive is misleading. He shows that knowledge of mind is gained through a large complex of intersubjectively identifiable factors such as the linguistic and non-linguistic past, present and future behaviour of the person concerned. He thus justifies the belief, on which psychology and psychoanalysis are based, that mind is not a mystery to which only the owner has privileged access.

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Critical Assessments ; The Construction and Dismantling of the Tractatus. From the Notebooks to Philosophical Grammar. Vol. 1

Author: Stuart Shanker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415136259

Category:

Page: 350

View: 1776

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Wittgenstein and Scepticism

Author: Denis McManus

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134570740

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 1768

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Wittgenstein is arguably the greatest philosopher of the last hundred years and scepticism is one of the central problems that modern philosophy faces. This collection is the first to be devoted to an examination of how that great philosopher's work bears on this fundamental philosophical problem. Wittgenstein's reaction to scepticism is complex, articulating both a sense that sceptical problems are ultimately unreal and a sense that scepticism teaches us something about the fundamental character of the human predicament. The essays, specially written for this collection by distinguished philosophers and commentators on Wittgenstein, explore that reaction, addressing, in particular, scepticism about the existence of the external world and of other minds. In doing so, it explores issues not only in theory of knowledge but also in metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, language, perception and literature, as well as raising questions about the nature of philosophy itself. Several of the papers address the work of Stanley Cavell, perhaps the most influential commentator on the work of Wittgenstein, and Cavell replies in the final pieces to four of those papers. This collection is essential reading for students and scholars of Wittgenstein and anyone interested in the debate surrounding scepticism.