Young Men and Domestic Abuse

Author: David Gadd,Claire L. Fox,Mary-Louise Corr,Steph Alger,Ian Butler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317936779

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 6040

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Surveys reveal that domestic abuse is more commonplace among teenagers and young adults than older populations, yet surprisingly little is written about young men’s involvement in it. Reporting on a three-year study based in the UK, this book explores young men’s involvement in domestic abuse, whether as victims, perpetrators or witnesses to violent behaviors between adults. Original survey data, focus group material and in-depth biographical interviews are used to make the case for a more thoroughgoing engagement with the meanings young men come to attribute to violent behavior, include the tendency among many to configure violence within families as "fights" that call for acts of male heroism. The book also highlights the dearth of services interventions for young men prone to domestic abuse, and the challenges of developing responsive practice in this area. Each section of the book highlights further online resources that those looking to conduct research in this area or apply its insights in practice can draw upon.

Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory

A Metatheory for Biosocial Criminology

Author: Anthony Walsh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429766378

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 6424

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Some of the brightest minds in criminology who were nurtured on the strictly environmentalist paradigm of the 20th century have declared that biosocial criminology is the paradigm for the 21st century. This book attempts to unite this ever-growing field with the premier neurobiological theory of personality, otherwise known as reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST). Anthony Walsh places the highly variable number of biosocial approaches under a single theoretical umbrella, whilst providing a unique integrative framework. As the leading neurobiological theory of personality and behavior in psychology today, RST focuses around the age-old question of how naturally selfish social animals can achieve their wants and needs without alienating others in their social groups. RST posits that evolution has built into humans three interacting systems: the behavioral approach system; the behavioral inhibition system; and the fight/flight/freeze system. RST identifies the neurobiological and genetic functions underlying each system and has found a cascade of supporting evidence. Throwing new light on many areas of concern to criminologists, such as psychopathy, violence, ADHD, and schizophrenia, this book will be of interest to scholars and upper-level students in the field. Additional features such as Focus Boxes and diagrams delve into measurement techniques and brain areas.

Handbook of Victims and Victimology

Author: Sandra Walklate

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136308377

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 5196

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The study of criminal victimisation has developed to the stage where by victimology is now regarded as a central component to the study of crime and criminology. This focus of concern has been matched by the growth and development of support services for the victim of crime alongside increasing political concern with similar issues. The central purpose of this book is to bring together leading scholars to produce an authoritative handbook on victims and victimology that gives due consideration to these developments. It will be concerned to reflect contemporary academic, policy, and political debates on the nature, extent and impact of criminal victimisation and policy responses to it. This book provides a overview of the importance of the role of the victim in the criminal justice system, with an analysis of the different theoretical perspectives within victimology. explores the relationship between victimisation and feminism with particular focus on domestic and sexual violence. analyses criminal justice policy and service delivery in relation to victims of crime, looking at developments within the UK and international perspectives. This handbook will be fundamental reading for students and academics studying victims and victimology and an essential reference tool for those working within the victim support environment.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Alison Liebling,Shadd Maruna,Lesley McAra

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198719442

Category:

Page: 1024

View: 7849

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With contributions from over 60 leading experts in the field, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology is the definitive guide to the discipline providing an authoritative and outstanding collection of chapters on the key topics studied on criminology courses. The Handbook has shaped the study of criminology for over two decades and, with this new edition, continues to be indispensable to students, academics, and professionals alike. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates. Extensive references aid further research. Extensively revised, the sixth edition has been expanded to include all the major topics and significant new issues such as zemiology; green criminology; domestic violence; prostitution and sex work; penal populism; and the significance of globalization for criminology. The Oxford Handbook of Criminology is accompanied by a suite of online resources providing additional teaching and learning materials for both students and lecturers. This includes selected chapters from previous editions, essay questions for each chapter, web links to aid further research, and guidance on how to answer essay questions.

Restorative justice

critical issues

Author: Eugene McLaughlin

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9780761942085

Category: Law

Page: 237

View: 8430

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'The book embodies a timely collection of restorative justice topics and is well structured with some of the most learned authorities in the field' - Magistrate 'The team which teaches the Open University's Crime Order and Social Control course has long been publishing teaching materials which are gratefully purloined by colleagues elsewhere for use in their own courses. In producing this book they have gone much further than this: not only have they selected an indispensable range of mainly previously published readings, they have also placed them in a theoretical context and succinctly summarised the debates which are taking place and some which need to take place but as yet are in their infancy' - Vista Restorative Justice brings together key international writings that trace the development of restorative justice from its diverse beginnings to current global policies and practices. The collection is constructed around the following themes:the theoretical origins of restorative justice; the key principles and substantive practices associated with restorative justice; controversial issues and debates; and future directions and possibilities. A substantial editorial introduction will provide readers with an authorative guide to the critical issues facing restorative justice at the beginning of the 21st century.

The multi-agency approach to domestic violence

new opportunities, old challenges?

Author: Nicola Harwin,Gill Hague,Ellen Malos

Publisher: Whiting & Birch Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 292

View: 3494

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Interagency working on domestic violence has progressed much in recent years, with the introduction of domestic violence units and formal multi-agency arrangements involving the police, local authorities and specialist non-statutory organisations. Innovative work in the United Kingdom is paralleled by developments elsewhere. This book considers the policy implications of interagency approaches. It examines some of the theoretical concepts that underlie this work and brings together evaluations of innovative projects and examples of good interagency practice. The chapters are not all written from the same perspective. Some are more guarded or more critical of the approach than others. We hope that the book will offer to its readers information that will enable them to make their own assessments. Contents include: Multi-Agency Responses: A Dynamic Way Forward or a Face-Saver and Talking Shop Gill Hague, Research Fellow, Domestic Violence Research Group, University of Bristol . A Perspective from Women's Aid Nicola Harwin, National Co-Ordinator, Women's Aid Federation of England. . Domestic Violence and Interagency Child Protection Work Thangam Debbonaire, former National Children's Officer, Women's Aid Federation of England . The Multi-Agency Approach: A Panacea or Obstacle to Women's Struggles for Freedom from Violence? Pragna Patel, Southall Black Sisters . Feminist Reflections on Interagency Forums and the Concept of Partnership Liz Kelly, Director, Child and Women Abuse Studies Unit, University of North London . Equalities Issues in Multi-Agency Work Gill Hague, Charlene Henry, Chair, Derby Domestic Violence Action Group and Ann Webster, Equalities Officer, Derby City Council . Interagency Developments on Domestic Violence in Hammersmith and Fulham Robyn Holder, former Community Safety Officer, Hammersmith and Fulham . Leeds Interagency Project (Women and Violence) Andrea Tara-Chand, Manager Leeds Interagency Project . Reaching Joint Agreement on Domestic Violence Policies Annie Moelwyn-Hughes, former Co-Ordinator of Central Scotland M/A Project . Duluth: A Co-Ordinated Community Response to Domestic Violence Ellen Pence, National Training Project, Duluth, Minnesota and Martha McMahon, University of Victoria . Housing Agencies, Domestic Violence and Inter-Agency Work Ellen Malos, Research Fellow, Domestic Violence Research Group, University of Bristol . Policing Domestic Violence and Interagency Work Sharon Grace, Crime and Criminal Justice Unit, Research and Statistics Directorate, Home Office . The Probation Perspective A E Stelman, B Johnson, S Hanley and J Geraghty, Domestic Violence Working Group, Association of Chief Officers of Probation . Social Services Response to Domestic Violence Audrey Mullender, Professor of Social Work, University of Warwick . Education and Domestic Violence Davina James-Hanman, Co-Ordinator, Greater London Domestic Violence Project Nicola Harwin is National Coordinator, Women's Aid Federation of England, Gill Hague and Ellen Malos are Research Fellows, Domestic Violence Research Group, University of Bristol.

Crime and Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Tim Newburn

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 4228

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Crime and Criminal Justice Policy provides a comprehensive introduction to the history of, and current debates surrounding, criminal justice and penal policy in Britain. Jargon-free and succinct it examines the important questions at the heart of one of the most complicated and controversial areas of social policy: What are the causes of the 'prisons' crisis'? What's the impact of the reforms in British policing? What sentences are available to the courts, how are they used, and why? Is juvenile crime out of control? How does the criminal justice system treat victims? Crime and Criminal Justice Policy will be a key text for all students of social policy, sociology, criminology, criminal law and social work. It will also serve as an invaluable reference for probation officers, police officers, social workers, youth workers and professionals involved in criminal justice.

The New Criminology Revisited

Author: P. Walton,J. Young

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349261971

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 6025

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In 1973 The New Criminology was published and quickly established itself as a key textbook in criminology, casting a major influence over a generation of scholars. It has remained in print ever since. This volume, published twenty-five years later, traces the major developments in the field including feminism, postmodernism, critical criminology and realism. The articles are by leading authorities from Britain, the United States and Australia and include Stan Cohen, Elliott Currie, Pat Carlen and Kerry Carrington as well as separate commentaries by the three original authors themselves: Ian Taylor, Paul Walton and Jock Young.

Gender-Paradoxien

Author: Judith Lorber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014835

Category: Social Science

Page: 494

View: 8026

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Mit den Gender-Paradoxien erscheint das wichtigste Buch der in New York lebenden Feministin und Soziologin Judith Lorber in deutscher Sprache. Auf der Grundlage eines sozial-konstruktivistischen Ansatzes zeigt Lorber, wie die Unterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern ebenso wie die Unterschiede zwischen Hetero- und Homosexuellen in der sozialen Praxis hergestellt und institutionalisiert werden. Dabei wird Gender als soziale Basis-Institution konzeptualisiert, die - vergleichbar den Institutionen Familie, Ökonomie und Religion - das soziale Leben in allen gesellschaftlichen Bereichen grundlegend strukturiert und prägt. Darüber hinaus nimmt Judith Lorber eine kategoriale Differenzierung zwischen Sex, Sexualität und Gender vor. Jede dieser Kategorien ist sozial konstruiert, und jede entzieht sich bei genauerer Betrachtung einer binären Ordnung.Zielsetzung des Buches ist ein Beitrag zur Beseitigung der Ungleichheiten zwischen Männern und Frauen. "Wenn die gender-Ungleichheit abgeschafft werden soll, müssen die gender entweder in jeder Hinsicht völlig gleichgestellt werden oder gender darf nicht länger eine zentrale soziale Kategorie sein, die bestimmt, welcher soziale Status einem Menschen zugewiesen wird."

Justice in the Risk Society

Challenging and Re-affirming 'Justice' in Late Modernity

Author: Barbara Hudson

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 2751

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`The book is a unique combination of criminology, politics and philosophy which can be recommended' - Network, Newsletter of the British Sociological Association `Hudson's Justice in the Risk Society is stunning in the depth and breadth of its scholarship. In examining the challenges the risk society presents for established conceptions of justice she compels a profound rethinking of what justice does, and can, mean. Her analysis will frame and inspire future debate' - Clifford Shearing, Professor, Law Program, Research School of Social Science, Australian National University `Remarkably comprehensive, ambitious in its scope and morally compelling. Barbara Hudson draws skilfully from a wide range of frameworks... She asks fundamental questions about the nature of justice and argues for a radical rethink of liberalism. She explores complex subject matter in a clear and accessible fashion. This excellent book will surely reinvigorate theoretical thinking on the nature of punishment for years to come' - Kieran McEvoy, Professor of Law and Transitional Justice, School of Law, Queen's University Belfast 'The book makes an important contribution to the development of new perspectives on justice and provides a rigorous analysis of political and ethical theories that will be highly relevant to criminology and penology students, academics, criminal justice practitioners and policy makers' - SOCLAG Legal Journal How much of a threat does society's preoccupation with `risk' pose to the ideal of `justice'? Innovations in control and in penal policy are increasingly dominated by the theme of public protection, motivated by the aim of controlling risk rather than the aim of enhancing social justice. In Justice in the Risk Society, Barbara Hudson outlines traditional liberal perspectives on justice, risk and security, as well as addressing some key concerns, including: · the challenges to justice: the politics of risk and safety · communitarian and feminist political and ethical theories · how to use current theories and perspectives such as Habermas's discourse ethics and postmodern perspectives on justice · how to develop new methods of re-affirming and reconstructing theories and institutions of justice The book concludes with analysis of two of the most important elements of justice for late-modernity: discursiveness and human rights. Justice in the Risk Society provides theoretical analysis with a discussion of policies, and arguments are illustrated by cases and examples. The book reviews political and ethical theories in a way that is highly relevant and accessible to criminology and penology students, practitioners and academics, as well as making an original contribution to the development of new perspectives on justice.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Rod Morgan,Mike Maguire,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199590273

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 1029

View: 9963

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With contributions from leading academics, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology provides an authoritative collection of chapters covering the topics studied on criminology courses. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates, and includes extensive references to aid further research.

Hard Cop, Soft Cop

Author: Roger Hopkins Burke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135993637

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4598

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The 16 chapters of this book examine policing styles and their effects in the context of and in response to the characteristics and threats of contemporary societies, with attention to developments in the United Kingdom and some other Western countries. The chapter focuses on both the styles and pervasiveness of modern policing in culturally diverse societies faced with significant security threats. The policing styles contrasted are "hard" policing, which is exemplified by the "zero tolerance" policing approach made popular by Mayor Giuliani in New York City in the mid-1990's, and "soft" policing, as illustrated under the paradigms of community policing and restorative justice. These policing styles coexist under an "umbrella" of multiagency social control that encompasses the public police, private police, and social service agencies. The chapters of this book discuss these issues under three major sections. The first section contains six chapters that address "zero tolerance" in New York City, the policing of incivilities in Germany, the policing of socially isolated minority communities in the United Kingdom, the policing of British Asian communities, "hard" policing under current British probation policies, and the "soft" approach of private policing in Great Britain. The second section on the policing of contemporary offenses discusses policing "crackdowns," a proactive approach to theft offenses, stalking, financial crime, and police involvement in rehabilitative probation programs. The four chapters of the concluding section consider the operation of current policing styles within liberal democracies and how current threats to democratic nations are creating a conflict between citizens' desires for collective security and the preservation of accustomed civil liberties and human rights.

The Changing Contours of Criminal Justice

Author: Mary Bosworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019878323X

Category:

Page: 384

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Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Oxford Centre for Criminology, this edited collection of essays seeks to explore the changing contours of criminal justice over the past half century and to consider possible shifts over the next few decades.The question of how social science disciplines develop and change does not invite any easy answer, with the task made all the more difficult given the highly politicised nature of some subjects and the volatile, evolving status of its institutions and practices. A case in point is criminal justice:at once fairly parochial, much criminal justice scholarship is now global in its reach and subject areas that are now accepted as central to its study - victims, restorative justice, security, privatization, terrorism, citizenship and migration (to name just a few) - were topics unknown to thediscipline half a century ago. Indeed, most criminologists would have once stoutly denied that they had anything to do with it. Likewise, some central topics of past criminological attention, like probation, have largely receded from academic attention and some central criminal justice institutions,like Borstal and corporal punishment, have, at least in Europe, been abolished. Although the rapidity and radical nature of this change make it quite impossible to predict what criminal justice will look like in fifty years' time, reflection on such developments may assist in understanding how itarrived at its current form and hint at what the future holds.The contributors to this volume have been invited to reflect on the impact Oxford criminology has had on the discipline, providing a unique and critical discussion about the current state of criminal justice around the world and the origins and future implications of contemporary practice. All areleading internationally-renowned criminologists whose work has defined and often re-defined our understanding of criminal justice policy and literature.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199205442

Category: Law

Page: 1185

View: 8078

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teachers and students of criminology and is a sourcebook for professionals.

Planet der Slums

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783935936569

Category: City and town life

Page: 247

View: 6869

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Mike Davis konstatiert in diesem ambitionierten und verstörenden Buch eine" Kopernikansche Wende"der menschlichen Siedlungsgeschichte. Denn nie zuvor überstieg der Anteil der Stadtbevölkerung den Anteil der auf dem Land Wohnenden und nie zuvor sah sich eine ungeheure Anzahl von über einer Milliarde Menschen gezwungen, ihr Überleben in Armut, im Schmutz der Müllhalden, ohne (sauberes) Wasser, ohne Toiletten, ohne irgendeine Art der Gesundheits- oder Sozialversorgung zu organisieren. Die Megaslums des" Südens"sind Ausdruck einer im höchsten Maße ungleichen und instabilen urbanen Welt. Hier treffen die sozialen Fronten der Globalisierung in radikaler Weise aufeinander.