Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis

Author: Chunlong Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470120673

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 7906

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An integrated approach to understanding the principles of sampling, chemical analysis, and instrumentation This unique reference focuses on the overall framework and why various methodologies are used in environmental sampling and analysis. An understanding of the underlying theories and principles empowers environmental professionals to select and adapt the proper sampling and analytical protocols for specific contaminants as well as for specific project applications. Covering both field sampling and laboratory analysis, Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis includes: A review of the basic analytical and organic chemistry, statistics, hydrogeology, and environmental regulations relevant to sampling and analysis An overview of the fundamentals of environmental sampling design, sampling techniques, and quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) essential to acquire quality environmental data A detailed discussion of: the theories of absorption spectroscopy for qualitative and quantitative environmental analysis; metal analysis using various atomic absorption and emission spectrometric methods; and the instrumental principles of common chromatographic and electrochemical methods An introduction to advanced analytical techniques, including various hyphenated mass spectrometries and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy With real-life case studies that illustrate the principles plus problems and questions at the end of each chapter to solidify understanding, this is a practical, hands-on reference for practitioners and a great textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in environmental science and engineering.

Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling

Author: Keith Bodger

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0865879575

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 138

View: 3054

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This easy-to-use reference not only provides you with a basic understanding of environmental sampling concepts, but it also provides you with the information you need to perform your tasks with ease and efficiency. Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling reviews key principles of geology and chemistry—information all samplers need to better understand the science of their work—covers major sampling media, and discusses how to choose the right equipment for each job. A list of "must have" tools is included in the author's recommended "Ideal Tool Kit."

Principles of Environmental Chemistry

Author: James Girard

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763724719

Category: Science

Page: 677

View: 6029

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Principles of Environmental Chemistry is a student-friendly presentation of the chemical foundations of contemporary environmental issues and science. Written for students with a knowledge of general chemistry, this text builds on that experience as it explores and discusses major environmental themes such as the greenhouse effect, chemistry of the ozone hole, acid rain, water pollution, and the impact of humans on the environment. Principles of Environmental Chemistry is the only environmental chemistry textbook that stresses the analytical techniques and methods used by the EPA to measure pollutants in the environment and describes EPA regulation of discharges into the air, water, and soil. It covers, in detail, the instruments and techniques used by the EPA to assure compliance. With this knowledge, students are better able to understand the chemical composition of an unpolluted environment.

Sampling and Sample Preparation in Field and Laboratory

Fundamentals and New Directions in Sample Preparation

Author: Janusz Pawliszyn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444505101

Category: Science

Page: 1131

View: 8774

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This title is the first comprehensive book on sampling and modern sample preparation techniques and has several main objectives: to facilitate recognition of sample preparation as both an integral part of the analytical process; to present a fundamental basis and unified theoretical approach for the professional development of sample preparation; to emphasize new developments in sample preparation technology; and to highlight the future impact of sample preparation on new directions in analytical science, particularly automation, miniaturization and field implementation. Until recently, there has been relatively little scientific interest in sampling and sample preparation, however this situation is presently changing as sampling and sample preparation become integral parts of the analytical process with their own unique challenges and research opportunities. Sampling and Sample Preparation for Field and Laboratory is an essential resource for all analytical chemists, and in particular those involved in method development. Not only does it cover the fundamental aspects of extraction, it also covers applications in various matrices and includes sampling strategies and equipment and how these can be integrated into the analytical process for maximum efficiency.

Environmental Sampling and Analysis for Metals

Author: Maria Csuros,Csaba Csuros

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420032348

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 7156

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Determination of metals is a major part of the work of environmental testing laboratories. EPA and DEP methodology releases provide information only for selected areas of metals sampling and analysis, and their language makes them unsuitable for teaching and training purposes. Environmental Sampling and Analysis for Metals is a comprehensive and easy-to-read text for laboratory technicians and analytical chemists who need a guide for analyzing metals in environmental samples and a reference for analytical and quality control procedures. The book provides both theoretical and practical applications in metals analysis of environmental samples and incorporates the latest in analytical techniques, instrumentation, and regulations. Topics include sample collection, preservation, step-by-step analytical procedures, complete QA/QC requirements, data validation, and more. It also provides an overview of the occurrence, source, and fate of metallic substances in the environment, as well as their control by regulations and standards. Furthermore, the authors provide guidelines to help you prepare and understand reports. The analytical methods presented in Environmental Sampling and Analysis for Metals will be useful to anyone who produces, uses, or evaluates analytical data, and will be a valuable tool in environmental education and training programs.

Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants

A Complete Guide

Author: E. P. Popek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128032030

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 6453

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Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants, A Complete Guide, Second Edition promotes the knowledge of data collection fundamentals and offers technically solid procedures and basic techniques that can be applied to daily workflow solutions. The book’s organization emphasizes the practical issues facing the project scientist. In focusing the book on data collection techniques that are oriented toward the project objectives, the author clearly distinguishes the important issues from the less relevant ones. Stripping away the layers of inapplicable or irrelevant recommendations, the book centers on the underlying principles of environmental sampling and analytical chemistry and summarizes the universally accepted industry practices and standards. This Guide is a resource that will help students and practicing professionals alike better understand the issues of environmental data collection, capitalize on years of existing sampling and analysis practices, and become more knowledgeable and efficient in the task at hand. The three phases of environmental chemical data collection (planning, implementation, and assessment) are explained in a logical and concise manner. A discussion on the physical and chemical properties of environmental chemical pollutants promotes the understanding of their fate and transport. A chapter on common analytical chemistry techniques, methods of compound quantitation, and laboratory quality control and quality assurance may be used as a standalone introduction to instrumental analytical chemistry. Eleven case studies demonstrate the application of the Data Quality Objectives process to the development of sampling designs and illustrate specific data interpretation problems. Numerous call-out boxes in each chapter offer practical tips on widely used industry practices, which originate from years of experience in the field. Appendices contain the most frequently used action levels and reference material, calculation aides, and useful field forms and checklists. Authored by an analytical chemist and environmental pollutant expert with more than 30 years of experience in research and industry.

Environmental Sampling and Analysis

Lab Manual

Author: Maria Csuros

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566701785

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 8216

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This manual covers the latest laboratory techniques, state-of-the-art instrumentation, laboratory safety, and quality assurance and quality control requirements. In addition to complete coverage of laboratory techniques, it also provides an introduction to the inorganic nonmetallic constituents in environmental samples, their chemistry, and their control by regulations and standards. Environmental Sampling and Analysis Laboratory Manual is perfect for college and graduate students learning laboratory practices, as well as consultants and regulators who make evaluations and quality control decisions. Anyone performing laboratory procedures in an environmental lab will appreciate this unique and valuable text.

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry

Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553170

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 5945

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Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth’s environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature’s most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.

Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420052691

Category: Science

Page: 1264

View: 8025

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Written by an expert, using the same approach that made the previous two editions so successful, Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition expands the scope of book to include the strongly emerging areas broadly described as sustainability science and technology, including green chemistry and industrial ecology. The new edition includes: Increased emphasis on the applied aspects of environmental chemistry Hot topics such as global warming and biomass energy Integration of green chemistry and sustainability concepts throughout the text More and updated questions and answers, including some that require Internet research Lecturers Pack on CD-ROM with solutions manual, PowerPoint presentations, and chapter figures available upon qualifying course adoptions The book provides a basic course in chemical science, including the fundamentals of organic chemistry and biochemistry. The author uses real-life examples from environmetnal chemistry, green chemistry, and related areas while maintaining brevity and simplicity in his explanation of concepts. Building on this foundation, the book covers environmental chemistry, broadly defined to include sustainability aspects, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and related areas. These chapters are organized around the five environmental spheres, the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, and the anthrosphere. The last two chapters discuss analytical chemistry and its relevance to environmental chemistry. Manahan’s clear, concise, and readable style makes the information accessible, regardless of the readers’ level of chemistry knowledge. He demystifies the material for those who need the basics of chemical science for their trade, profession, or study curriculum, as well as for readers who want to have an understanding of the fundamentals of sustainable chemistry in its crucial role in maintaining a livable planet.

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118957946

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6759

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Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, andgeoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basicchemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third editionof this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucidand accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition hasbeen strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience andincorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geologicalprocesses. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces thewave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types ofchemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse anddistinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey thegeologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain theirformation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. Thebook concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendicescover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list thechemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in thebook.