How Propaganda Works

Author: Jason Stanley

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691173427

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 9408

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Our democracy today is fraught with political campaigns, lobbyists, liberal media, and Fox News commentators, all using language to influence the way we think and reason about public issues. Even so, many of us believe that propaganda and manipulation aren't problems for us—not in the way they were for the totalitarian societies of the mid-twentieth century. In How Propaganda Works, Jason Stanley demonstrates that more attention needs to be paid. He examines how propaganda operates subtly, how it undermines democracy—particularly the ideals of democratic deliberation and equality—and how it has damaged democracies of the past. Focusing on the shortcomings of liberal democratic states, Stanley provides a historically grounded introduction to democratic political theory as a window into the misuse of democratic vocabulary for propaganda's selfish purposes. He lays out historical examples, such as the restructuring of the US public school system at the turn of the twentieth century, to explore how the language of democracy is sometimes used to mask an undemocratic reality. Drawing from a range of sources, including feminist theory, critical race theory, epistemology, formal semantics, educational theory, and social and cognitive psychology, he explains how the manipulative and hypocritical declaration of flawed beliefs and ideologies arises from and perpetuates inequalities in society, such as the racial injustices that commonly occur in the United States. How Propaganda Works shows that an understanding of propaganda and its mechanisms is essential for the preservation and protection of liberal democracies everywhere.

How Fascism Works

The Politics of Us and Them

Author: Jason Stanley

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0525511849

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1635

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“Reveals how the liberties of the people wither when voters embrace politicians who promote the divisive politics of us versus them.”—David Cay Johnston, author of The Making of Donald Trump and It’s Even Worse Than You Think “This is an important and essential book.”—Errol Morris, filmmaker and author of The Ashtray Fascist politics are running rampant in America today—and spreading around the world. A Yale philosopher identifies the ten pillars of fascist politics, and charts their horrifying rise and deep history. As the child of refugees of World War II Europe and a renowned philosopher and scholar of propaganda, Jason Stanley has a deep understanding of how democratic societies can be vulnerable to fascism: Nations don’t have to be fascist to suffer from fascist politics. In fact, fascism’s roots have been present in the United States for more than a century. Alarmed by the pervasive rise of fascist tactics both at home and around the globe, Stanley focuses here on the structures that unite them, laying out and analyzing the ten pillars of fascist politics—the language and beliefs that separate people into an “us” and a “them.” He knits together reflections on history, philosophy, sociology, and critical race theory with stories from contemporary Hungary, Poland, India, Myanmar, and the United States, among other nations. He makes clear the immense danger of underestimating the cumulative power of these tactics, which include exploiting a mythic version of a nation’s past; propaganda that twists the language of democratic ideals against themselves; anti-intellectualism directed against universities and experts; law and order politics predicated on the assumption that members of minority groups are criminals; and fierce attacks on labor groups and welfare. These mechanisms all build on one another, creating and reinforcing divisions and shaping a society vulnerable to the appeals of authoritarian leadership. By uncovering disturbing patterns that are as prevalent today as ever, Stanley reveals that the stuff of politics—charged by rhetoric and myth—can quickly become policy and reality. Only by recognizing fascists politics, he argues, may we resist its most harmful effects and return to democratic ideals. “With unsettling insight and disturbing clarity, How Fascism Works is an essential guidebook to our current national dilemma of democracy vs. authoritarianism.”—William Jelani Cobb, author of The Substance of Hope

The Discourse of Propaganda

Case Studies from the Persian Gulf War and the War on Terror

Author: John Oddo

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271082739

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 3367

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In the early 1990s, false reports of Iraqi soldiers in Kuwait allowing premature infants to die by removing them from their incubators helped to justify the Persian Gulf War, just as spurious reports of weapons of mass destruction later undergirded support for the Iraq War in 2003. In The Discourse of Propaganda, John Oddo examines these and other such cases to show how successful wartime propaganda functions as a discursive process. Oddo argues that propaganda is more than just misleading rhetoric generated by one person or group; it is an elaborate process that relies on recontextualization, ideally on a massive scale, to keep it alive and effective. In a series of case studies, he analyzes both textual and visual rhetoric as well as the social and material conditions that allow them to circulate, tracing how instances of propaganda are constructed, performed, and repeated in diverse contexts, such as speeches, news reports, and popular, everyday discourse. By revealing the agents, (inter)texts, and cultural practices involved in propaganda campaigns, The Discourse of Propaganda shines much-needed light on the topic and challenges its readers to consider the complicated processes that allow propaganda to flourish. This book will appeal not only to scholars of rhetoric and propaganda but also to those interested in unfolding the machinations motivating America’s recent military interventions.

Propaganda and Persuasion

Author: Garth Jowett,Victoria O'Donnell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412908986

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 422

View: 8732

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Propaganda and Persuasion, Fourth Edition is the only book of its kind to cover a comprehensive history of propaganda and offer insightful definitions and methods to analyze it. Building on the excellence of the three previous editions, the Fourth Edition has been revised, updated, and expanded. Authors Garth S. Jowett and Victoria O'Donnell provide a remarkable and cogent understanding of persuasion and propaganda, including rhetorical background, cultural studies, and collective memory.

Critical Pedagogy and the Everyday Classroom

Author: Tony Monchinski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084633

Category: Education

Page: 227

View: 7137

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Critical Pedagogy addresses the shortcomings of mainstream educational theory and practice and promotes the humanization of teacher and student. Where Critical Pedagogy is often treated as a discourse of academics in universities, this book explores the applications of Critical Pedagogy to actual classroom situations. Written in a straight-forward, concise, and lucid form by an American high school teacher, drawing examples from literature, film, and, above all, the everyday classroom, this book is meant to provoke thought in teachers, students and education activists as we transform our classrooms into democratic sites. From grading to testing, from content area disciplines to curriculum planning and instruction, from the social construction of knowledge to embodied cognition, this book takes the theories behind Critical Pedagogy and illustrates them at work in common classroom environments.

Propaganda - Theoretical and Historical Aspects

Author: Christof Dieterle

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638236862

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 23

View: 2618

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Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1 (A), University of Kassel (Anglistics), course: History of the Media, 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Propaganda is as old as mankind. People have tried to influence others to achieve certain goals or objectives throughout the ages. What makes propaganda so interesting nowadays, and of special interest for my research paper, is its combination with modern mass media. Using the manifold possibilities offered by the various technologies it is easy to establish a direct channel of communication to every place in the world in not more than a second. And, if you have a channel you can convey your ideas to others and thus gain a huge amount of influence on other people. In times of extensive media coverage, for example of wars, I found it a very interesting, and sometimes disturbing, task to make an introductory analysis of the basic concepts of propaganda illustrated by historical events. In the first chapter of my paper I will give a rather general definition of the term propaganda and introduce two major models of how propaganda can be conveyed. In the last part of the first chapter I will draw a distinguishing line between propaganda and persuasion. The second chapter consists of a historical overview on propaganda, divided in the periods of the Reformation, the French Revolution including Napoleon and the Second World War with a short paragraph on Adolf Hitler as a constructed leader figure. Analysing the ways propaganda works is one main objective of this paper so the third chapter gives some background on techniques of propaganda analysis followed by the next chapter where I apply these theories to the example of the Gulf War in 1991. The last chapter consists of a short summary and some conclusions.

Group Leader's Guide to Propaganda Analysis

Revised Edition of Experimental Study Materials for Use in Junior and Senior High Schools, in College and University Classes, and in Adult Study Groups

Author: Institute for Propaganda Analysis,Violet Edwards

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Propaganda

Page: 271

View: 1619

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Ad Nauseam

How Advertising and Public Relations Changed Everything

Author: Jeff Koob

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1491758902

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4108

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The goal of information is to inform, while the goal of propaganda is to influence or persuade. It is not the intent to persuade that makes something propaganda, but the use of deceptive and manipulative techniques. Some advertising and public relations campaigns employ propaganda techniques and other psychotechnologies of influence. Jeff Koob, a psychologist, provides examples of advertisers using propaganda and other “invisible” means of persuasion. He explores the history of advertising and public relations, and focuses on how: • advertisers employ deceptive and manipulative techniques • media campaigns have become a tool of corporate social engineering • propaganda works across the spectrum of media, from print to the Internet Ad Nauseam reveals how the propaganda industry affects almost every aspect of our lives. Equip yourself with the knowledge you need to recognize the techniques of propaganda, and discover the antidote to the infotoxins in our mental environment.