Zivilrechtsreform im Baltikum

Author: Helmut Heiss

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161489020

Category: Law

Page: 168

View: 8652

English summary: The breakdown of socialism and the independence of the Baltic states caused a transformation of private law in this region. Private law reforms were completed successfully in all three Baltic states in 2002. Each state used its own approach to master the task of transforming private law. In this work, the authors discuss the law reforms in a historical, comparative and European context. They analyze the legislative task in a historical and comparative perspective. Reports on each country give a comparative insight into the current Baltic civil codes. In conclusion, the authors deal with legislative instruments, such as the use of legal transplants, and analyze the process of the Europeanization of the Baltic civil codes in the course of EU accession. German description: Erneuerung und Europaisierung des Privatrechts waren nach der 'Wende' zwei Hauptaufgaben der baltischen Privatrechtsgesetzgeber. Unterschiedliche Ausgangspositionen in den einzelnen baltischen Staaten haben dazu gefuhrt, dass die baltischen Staaten das Reformwerk nicht im Wege der Kooperation (insbesondere im Rahmen des Baltischen Rates) verfolgt, sondern trotz ahnlich gelagerter Sachprobleme je fur sich in Angriff genommen haben. Alle drei baltischen Staaten haben ihre Reformen im Jahre 2002 (jedenfalls vorlaufig) erfolgreich abgeschlossen. Im vorliegenden Tagungsband wird die Zivilrechtsreform in den baltischen Staaten aus historischer, vergleichender und europarechtlicher Perspektive untersucht. Historisch wird zunachst der Frage nachgegangen, ob und inwieweit von einer (einheitlichen) baltischen Rechtstradition gesprochen werden kann. Es folgen Beitrage zu den (historischen) Anforderungen an die Zivilrechtsreform und zu den von den baltischen Staaten gewahlten Wegen der Erneuerung des Privatrechts. Drei Landerberichte werfen einen vergleichenden Blick auf die heutigen Zivilgesetzbucher der baltischen Staaten. Am Schluss werden Querschnittsfragen behandelt. Hierher gehoren Ausfuhrungen zu Rechtsrezeption und Rechtsmischung als Instrumente der Transformationsgesetzgebung und zur Europaisierung der baltischen Zivilrechte im Zuge des EU-Beitritts dieser Staaten.

Civil Liability for Accidents at Sea

Author: Sarah Fiona Gahlen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662455552

Category: Law

Page: 434

View: 4627

​This book presents a study on civil liability for accidents at sea, with a focus on the interests of parties that are not contractually participating in the maritime enterprise. Shipping and the maritime offshore industry are among the most international businesses in the world, and the operation of ships and facilities at sea can involve very different interests in a wide variety of relationships. Although there is an international legal framework that covers the most frequent types of cases, questions remain regarding the interplay of international and national legislation. Addressing those questions, the first part of this study analyses the rules and the limits of international regulation applicable at sea, namely regarding compensation for pollution damage. The second part focuses on the jurisdictional rules and conflict-of-law rules that may be used to deal with cases beyond the scope of international legislation, in accordance with the law of the sea.​

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Corporate Social Responsibility

Author: Stéphanie Ursula Looser

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527526348

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 8697

This book explores the differences between extrinsic and intrinsic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The former is driven by an assumed positive relationship between CSR activities and financial performance, while the latter stems from a moral duty. These differences can be both banal and profound, because they often depend on definitions and because the scope, purpose, and legitimacy of intrinsic CSR is vague, under-researched, and subject to context. The book discusses the two manifestations of CSR through both applied and conceptual approaches, considering questions such as: Are there any differences? If so, in which areas, aspects, consequences? How do they relate to each other? Which one is better and how could this be identified? In finding answers to the above, the book reflects on the impact the difference has on CSR stakeholders. Furthermore, a closer look at Swiss Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and their culture of democratic decisions, hand-shake quality, prudence, embeddedness in their respective communities, and their willingness to “give something back to society” allows the limitation, impetus, and the legitimacy of intrinsic CSR to be identified.

The Business and Human Rights Landscape

Moving Forward, Looking Back

Author: Jena Martin,Karen E. Bravo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316432335

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 2957

The adoption of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in 2011 marked a watershed moment, establishing the first global standards for preventing human rights abuses by business. In light of this paradigm shift, The Business and Human Rights Landscape offers the most comprehensive analysis to date of the current legal framework. It includes in-depth explorations of the UN Guiding Principles from both theoretical and practical standpoints, with case studies ranging from the Rana Plaza building collapse to Kenyan resource extraction. Bookending current analyses are historical accounts (discussing the colonial slave trade) and forward-looking perspectives (analyzing labor's role). Bringing together top scholars from across the globe, The Business and Human Rights Landscape represents essential reading for anyone interested in the past, present, or future of business and human rights.

Investitionen ohne Grenzen

Niederlassungsfreiheit und Kapitalverkehr in der gesamteuropäischen Rechtspraxis : ausgewählte Beiträge des ersten Symposiums der Veranstaltungsreihe Europe Beyond the Union vom 7.-10. Oktober 1999 in Berlin

Author: Chris Mögelin

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated


Category: Law

Page: 122

View: 4440

The volume documents the results of the first symposion of the series of conferences called Europe Beyond the Union. The series deals with main aspects of the division into three categories of European countries. Besides the Member States of the European