Technique and Application in Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish,Greg C. Nelson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468111

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 8227

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Bringing together a variety of accomplished dental researchers, this book covers a range of topics germane to the study of human and other primate teeth. The chapters encompass work on individuals to samples, ranging from prehistoric to modern times. The focus throughout the book is the methodology required for the study of modern dental anthropology, comprising the scientific methods in use today - ranging from simple observation to advanced computer-based analyses - which can be utilized by the reader in their own dental research. Originating from the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this is a valuable reference source for graduate students, academic researchers and professionals in the social and life sciences, as well as clinicians.

The First Humans

Origin and Early Evolution of the Genus Homo

Author: Frederick E. Grine,John G Fleagle,Richard E. Leakey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402099809

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 732

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There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapien

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge Studies in Biologica

ISBN: 1107174414

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 7044

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Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.

Mammal Teeth

Origin, Evolution, and Diversity

Author: Peter S. Ungar

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801899515

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 1079

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His book is a must-read for paleontologists, mammalogists, and anthropologists.

Human Growth in the Past

Studies from Bones and Teeth

Author: Robert D. Hoppa,Charles M. FitzGerald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521631532

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 5160

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An interdisciplinary analysis of human growth in past populations, first published in 1999.

Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology

Genetics, Evolution, Variation

Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619500

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Researchers have long had an interest in dental morphology as a genetic proxy to reconstruct population history. Much interest was fostered by the use of standard plaques and associated descriptions that comprise the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System, developed by Christy G. Turner, II and students. This system has served as the foundation for hundreds of anthropological studies for over 30 years. In recognition of that success, this volume brings together some of the world's leading dental morphologists to expand upon the concepts and methods presented in the popular The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth (Cambridge, 1997), leading the reader from method to applied research. After a preparatory section on the current knowledge of heritability and gene expression, a series of case studies demonstrate the utility of dental morphological study in both fossil and more recent populations (and individuals), from local to global scales.

Three-Dimensional Imaging in Paleoanthropology and Prehistoric Archaeology

Author: Bertrand-Yves Mafart,Hervé Delingette,Gérard Subsol

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 108

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A collection of 16 papers forming the Acts of the XIVth UISPP Congress, University of Liège, Belgium, 2-8 September 2001 . The papers address the application of 3-D imaging in archaeology, the pitfalls involved, methodology and its use for reconstruction purposes with relation to prehistoric case studies.

Human Adult Odontometrics

The Study of Variation in Adult Tooth Size

Author: Julius A. Kieser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521353908

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 6862

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This book has an important role in demonstrating to students the diverse practical applications of odontometrics.

Biological anthropology of the human skeleton

Author: Sara Stinson,Mary Anne Katzenberg,Shelley Rae Saunders

Publisher: Wiley-Liss

ISBN: 9780471316169

Category: Nature

Page: 504

View: 6479

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The biology of prehistoric and early historic peoples is studied largely through the analysis of hard tissue. Fascinating changes have occurred in the analysis of human skeletal and dental remains over the past few years for various reasons. Factors such as new technology, advances in the field of forensic anthropology, and heightened ethical concerns regarding the study of aboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer the dominant culture have emerged as significant themes for research and are examined in this comprehensive book. Organized into five parts with contributing chapters written by experts in the field of human skeletal biology, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton delves into a variety of areas unique to literature. Part One covers theory and application, which leads to Part Two's discussion of morphological analyses of bone, teeth, and age changes. Following in Part Three are reviews of prehistoric health and disease. Part Four examines chemical and genetic analyses of hard tissues, and Part Five closes with coverage of quantitative methods and population studies. Such in-depth topics as how humans have regarded the dead over time and across cultures, the ethics of skeletal research, and the contributions and advances in research analysis are essential elements contained within this book. Other subjects covered are: * Dental morphology, highlighting new methods of characterizing tooth size and shape * Recent investigations of microstructural growth markers in dental tissues * Studies based on gross observations of bones, gross observations of teeth, and microscopic studies * Bone structure at the histological level and the factors that account for variation * Stable isotope analysis, trace element analysis, and the extraction and amplification of ancient DNA * Plus many other topics that contain the common thread of determining information about past peoples from their skeletal and dental remains Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton covers a scope of major topics in human skeletal biology and will be an indispensable research guide to biological anthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, and archaeologists.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Author: M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders

Publisher: Wiley-Liss

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 484

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"This book is virtually required reading for biological anthropologists and will be a useful, up-to-date primer on osteological analyses for a wider audience." —The Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2009 "… a comprehensive guide to the ever-changing discipline of physical anthropology… provides an in depth introduction to human skeletal biology. The structure of the book makes it easy for the reader to follow the progression of the field of human skeletal biology." —PaleoAnthropology, 2009 Issue The First Edition of Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton is the market-leading reference and textbook on the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains recovered from archaeological sites. Now, featuring scores of new or thoroughly revised content, this Second Edition provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the topic available. Like the previous edition, this Second Edition is organized into five parts with contributing chapters written by experts in the field of human skeletal biology: Part One covers theory and application; Part Two discusses morphological analyses of bone, teeth, and age changes; Part Three reviews prehistoric health and disease; Part Four examines chemical and genetic analysis of hard tissues; and Part Five closes with coverage of quantitative methods and population studies. Each chapter includes a review of recent studies, descriptions of analytical techniques and underlying assumptions, theory, methodological advances, and speculation about future research. New or thoroughly revised content includes: Techniques in the analysis of human skeletal and dental remains Extensive coverage of new technologies, including modern morphometric techniques Advances in the field of forensic anthropology Enhanced discussion of ethical terms regarding the study of aboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer the dominant culture This book serves as an indispensable research guide to biological anthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, and archaeologists. Now with a stronger focus on teaching complex material to students, this revised edition provides enhanced case studies and discussions for future directions, making it an invaluable textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology and forensic anthropology programs.